|Relegated||Vorwärts Berlin BSG Motor Oberschöneweide BSG Motor Jena BSG Wismut Gera|
|Goals scored||885 (3.25 per match)|
|Top goalscorer||Harry Arlt (26)|
The league was contested by seventeen teams, two less than in the previous season, and Dynamo Dresden won the championship after winning a necessary decider against Wismut Aue 3–2 after extra time. It was the first of eight national championships for Dynamo but it would have to wait until 1970–71 to win its second one.
Two clubs were renamed during the season, both in April 1953. Volkspolizei Dresden became Dynamo Dresden and Motor Gera was renamed to Wismut Gera. On 12 April 1953 Vorwärts Leipzig was relocated to the East Berlin and became Vorwärts Berlin. Before the season Union Oberschöneweide had been renamed to Motor Oberschöneweide, with both clubs relegated at the end of season, leaving East German capital without an Oberliga club for the following season.
The 1952–53 season saw two of the most successful clubs in the East German championship adopt the name and location they would later be most successful under, police club Dynamo Dresden with eight and army club Vorwärts Berlin with six titles, second and third only to Dynamo Berlin.
|2||BSG Wismut Aue||32||16||6||10||57||48||+9||38|
|3||BSG Motor Zwickau||32||16||5||11||54||43||+11||37|
|4||BSG Rotation Dresden||32||15||6||11||65||55||+10||36|
|5||BSG Stahl Thale||32||14||8||10||45||47||-2||36|
|7||BSG Turbine Erfurt||32||14||6||12||51||44||+7||34|
|8||BSG Chemie Leipzig||32||14||6||12||55||51||+4||34|
|9||BSG Aktivist Brieske-Ost||32||13||8||11||55||52||+3||34|
|11||BSG Lokomotive Stendal||32||13||6||13||56||54||+2||32|
|12||BSG Rotation Babelsberg||32||13||6||13||58||59||-1||32-|
|13||BSG Turbine Halle||32||12||7||13||51||44||+7||31|
|15||BSG Motor Oberschöneweide||32||12||3||17||47||50||-3||27|
|16||BSG Motor Jena||32||9||4||19||35||62||-27||22|
|17||BSG Wismut Gera||32||5||5||22||32||71||-39||15|
- Championship decider: Dynamo Dresden – BSG Wismut Aue 3–2 aet
- fuwo, page: 93
- fuwo, page: 23
- "East Germany - List of Champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDR-Meister" [East German champions]. dfb.de (in German). German Football Association. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDDR » Oberliga » Torschützenkönige" [DDR-Oberliga top scorers]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDR » Oberliga 1952/1953" [DDR-Oberliga 1952–53]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "Das war unser Fußball im Osten" [This was our football in the East]. Fußball-Woche (fuwo) (in German). Berlin: Axel-Springer-Verlag. 1991.
- Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv (German) Historic German league tables