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DD National's logo
|Launched||15 September 1959 (in India)|
|Picture format||16:9 576i (SDTV)
16:9 1080i (HDTV)
|Language||Hindi and English|
|Headquarters||New Delhi, India|
|Sister channel(s)||DD India
|DVB-T2 (India)||Check local frequencies|
|Dish TV||Channel 193|
|Tata Sky||Channel 114|
|Big TV||Channel 205|
|Airtel Digital TV||Channel 148|
|Sun Direct DTH||Channel 310|
|DD Free Dish||Channel 1|
|Videocon d2h||Channel 149|
|Cignal Digital TV||Channel 171 (SD)|
|G Sat||Coming Soon|
|SkyCable Philippines||Channel 233 (Digital)|
|Cablelink Philippines||Channel 243|
|Destiny Cable Philippines||Channel 116 (Analog)
Channel 233 (Digital)
|Asianet Digital TV (India)||Channel 500|
DD National (DD1) is a state-owned general interest terrestrial television channel in India. It is the flagship channel of Doordarshan, the Indian public service broadcasting corporation, and the most widely available terrestrial television channel in India.
DD National is a government body but it has its own editorial independence.
- 1 History
- 2 Prasar Bharati Board
- 3 Sports broadcasting
- 4 Editorial independence
- 5 See also
- 6 References
Beginning: 1959 to 1982
On 15 September 1959, at the studio of All India Radio, Delhi, the very first TV channel in India, started an experimental telecast with a small transmitter and a makeshift studio. Until 1965, DD was part of All India Radio, so all the regular daily transmissions were operated by All India Radio. On 15 August 1982, Doordarshan introduced a national telecast service from its own TV studio in Mandi House, New Delhi. This telecast was named DD1 Channel and started regular transmission. Krishi Darshan, Chaupaal, Samachar, and Kalyani were the first programs on the channel.
Golden days as national channel: 1982 to 1992
In 1984, DD1 Channel started telecast of sponsored TV serials, which were produced by veteran filmmakers. Hum Log was the first TV serial of Indian television, and started airing on 7 July 1984. After the success of Hum Log, many other TV producers and filmmakers created many popular shows.
The Sword of Tipu Sultan, Mirza Ghalib, Akbar Birbal, Bahadur Shah Zafar, Bharat Ek Khoj, Mahabharat, Ramayan, Vishwamitra, Luv Kush Uttar Ramayan, Buddha, Malgudi Days, Surabhi, Hum Paanch, Tiltliyan, Taaraa, Yeh Jo Hai Jindagi, Star Trek, Khaandaan, 13 Panne, Air Hostess, Waah Janaab, Tamas, Vikram Aur Betal, Tenali Rama, Kirdaar, Singhasan Battisi, Guldasta, Mrignayani, Shrikant, Sadgati, Nukkad, Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi, Lot Pot, Mungerilal Ke Haseen Sapne, Bhim Bhawani, Kakkaji Kahin, Paying Guest, Ados Pados, Upannyas, Fauji, Karamchand, Vyomkesh Bakshi, Samandar, Param Veer Chakra, Wagle Ki Duniya, Buniyaad, Hum Log, Kachchi Dhoop, Chunauti, Mahanagar, Talash, Umeed, Subah, Mr. Yogi, Circus, Ek Bhool, Chote Babu, Yugantar, Kehkashan, Yatra, Rajni, Street Hawk, Udaan, Gaata Jaaye Banjara, Phool Khile Hain Gulsan Gulsan, Pingu, Circus, Taaj Mahel, Khubsuraat, and Dada Dadi Ki Kahaniya were the most popular serials of those days.
Competition with satellite TV: 1992 to 1997
After the entry of satellite channels in India, Doordarshan started facing strong competition from Zee TV in 1992. Although days cable and satellite channels were not easily available then, DD-1 was still ruling the chart, as it was available terrestrially. In 1993, Doordarshan launched its second channel for metro/urban audience, DD Metro, and renamed DD1 to DD National, which was targeted at a rural audience.
With the telecast of popular TV shows like Chandrakanta, Alif Laila, Tehkikaat, Chitrahaar, Reporter, Udaan, Byomkesh Bakshi, Farmaan, Katha Sagar, Neem Ka Ped and Chanakya, DD National was enough good for getting viewers, but Doordarshan Board was focusing more on its DD Metro Channel, which was aimed to compete with Zee TV. In the meantime, DD Metro became one of the popular destinations of TV viewers with its shows like Junoon, Superhit Muquabala, and Azanabi. Some of the popular shows were also aired on DD National.
In 1995, when most of the channels like DD Metro, Zee TV, Home TV, STAR Plus and Sony TV started focusing on their prime time slots, DD National was still stacked with its role and responsibilities, as at the time it was only source of news on TV. To provide more entertainment, DD National opened an afternoon slot for housewives with the telecast of Shanti. To support the success of Shanti, many other shows like Swabhimaan, Farz, and Yug were introduced and all of them were praised.
Losing the battle: 1997 to 2002
This period was very bad for Doordarshan and its channels. DD National channel started losing its battle with private channels, and DD Metro channel also lost its viewership. In 1997, Prasar Bharati, the parent body of Doordarshan, was formed, but it was not much able to take proper decisions for its channels. Private channels like Zee TV, STAR Plus and Sony TV started airing high budget TV serials from top production houses, where Doordarshan's both channels were failed to get any production with themselves. However DD National was still doing the best in afternoon slots with Kasam, Itihaas, Agni, Aprajita, Aurat, Ardhangini, Sanjog, Deewar, Aane Wala Pal, Waqt Ki Raftaar and many more programs, but in prime time, it was losing its ground. There were a few notable programs like India's Most Wanted, Gul Sanobar, Surabhi, Noorjahan, Om namah Shivay, Jai Ganga Maiya, and Suraag, but those were not enough to give competition to private channels.
In 1999, DD National started airing Mukesh Khanna's Shaktimaan, which was the blockbuster TV serial in Indian history. In 2000, after tasting the success of India's Most Wanted, Jasoos Vijay and Suraag in prime time, Prasar Bharati decided to revamp its both channels, and many new serials were introduced on DD National, but very few of them were successful because of limited prime time slots. DD National had only 9-10:30 for showing prime time content, while other channels had the 8-11 slot for prime time. New channels like Sahara TV and SAB TV were also performing better than DD channels in prime time.
Reclaiming the viewership: 2002 to 2010
In 2002, DD offered its time slots to popular filmmakers, and got some popular shows of the time. Ramanand Sagar's Aankhen, BR Chopra's Aap Beeti, Adhikaari Brothers CID Officer, Kiran Bedi's Galti Kiski, and Time's Dishayen were telecasted on the channels and prized by viewers. In 2003, when DD Metro Channel was converted into DD News, Prasar Bharati focused on its DD national channels, and shows like Meher, Miss India, Kayamat, Kaanch, and Phir Bhi Dil Hai Hindustani were introduced. In 2005, Hawayein starring Ravi Kishan-Malini Kapoor became one of the most popular shows and also won title of Best TV Serial of the Year at the ITA Awards.
In this period, DD introduced many popular serials like Air Hostess, Wo Huye Na hamare, Kyunki Jeena Isi Ka Naam Hai, Tum Dena Sath Mera, Hari Mirchi lal Mirchi, Soni Mahiwaal, Wheel Smart Shrimati, Krazzy Kiya Re, Chandramukhi, Jo Kahunga Sach Kahunga, Tahreer Munshi Premchand Ki, and Kashmkash Zindagi Ki. These were praised, and with the help of these serials DD National managed itself in the race of TRP.
Lost identification and relaunch: 2010 to present
In this period DD National suffered with low quality serials. At prime-time it was still not able to compete with private channels, and it also started losing its peak position in afternoon slots to reruns of other channels. In 2012, after losing more than ever before, DD started airing Ekta Kapoor's Pavitra Bandhan, Sanjay leela Bhansali's Saraswatichandra and a few other serials, but this was not enough for its revival. In 2013, it reduced its window for regional telecasts to 4PM-7PM, and stopped airing news at night, which added one and a half hour to its prime time. To enrich the new four-hour long prime time, DD brought TV serials like Gora, Bharat Ki Shaan, Baba Aazmi's Yeh Kaha Aa Gaye Hum, Dil Jo Kah Na Saka, and Sanjeev Kapoor's Chef Ki Rasoi. It also launched a campaign for its afternoon slots, "DD Dophar Aapke Ghar", by airing serials like Amrita, Anudamini, Aisa Prem Kahan, and Chupau Kaise Laaga Chunari Me Daag.
In November 2014, Prasar Bharati relaunched DD National as Desh Ka Apna Channel with a new theme and serials like Happy Homes, Khwabon Ke Darmiyaan, Khamosh Sa Afsaana, Dard Ka Rishta, Paltan, Stree shakti, Zindagi Ek Bhanwar, and Janmon Ka Bandhan. Initially these shows did better, but after monitoring their performance, in 2016 Prasar Bharati decided to go for a slot sale policy and invited bids from film makers for its 7PM to 11 PM slot. 2016 afternoon slots aired serials like Krantijyoti Savitribai Phule, U-turn, and Munidhar.
Prasar Bharati Board
- Chairman — Dr. A. Surya Prakash
- Chief Executive Officer — Jawahar Sircar
- Member (Personnel) — V.A.M. Hussain
- Member (Financel) — A.K. jain
- Representative of Ministry of Information & Broadcasting — Dr.Sunil Kapoor, Suman Dubey, Vikram Kaushik and Prof. S.K. Barua
- Rajiv Takru — Additional Secretary
- Ex Officio oembers — Tripurari Sharan, DG, Doordarshan and L.D. Mandloi, DG, All India Radio
Usually, all One Day and Twenty20 international cricket matches involving and hosted by India are shown live on DD National. It also broadcast the 2014 Men's Hockey World Cup matches involving India and also the semifinal and final matches.
The idea of autonomy for the government-controlled Doordarshan was first mooted when the Janata Party came to power in 1977 in the aftermath of Emergency when the Doordarshan ended up as the government's mouthpiece. The idea was revived when the Janata Dal took office in 1989. The following Congress and non-Congress governments showed no interest in the autonomy despite making politically correct noises about autonomy.
- "India's largest terrestrial network" (Press release). Associated Press. Archived from the original on 6 April 2007. Retrieved 22 July 2007.
- "Rediff On The NeT: Autonomy appears a pipe dream for Doordarshan". Rediff.com. 11 February 1999. Retrieved 10 April 2013.