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DEMOS (Demos) was the first internet service provider in the USSR.[1]


DEMOS was established in 1989 in the Soviet Union in Moscow as a programmers' cooperative, which included employees of the Kurchatov Institute of Nuclear Energy Institute.[2] For the first few months, the cooperative was called "Interface"; then it was renamed in honor of the DEMOS operating system.[3] In 1990, DEMOS, in cooperation with the scientific network Relkom, registered a top-level domain .su.[4] This domain become the starting point for development of the Russian segment of the Internet - RUnet.[5]


  1. ^ Travica, Bob. The Business Web in Russia: Usability for the Western User. 59th Annual Meeting of ASIS, Baltimore, MD, 21-24 October 1996
  2. ^ Lakhman, Marina. "Mother Russia Does a Slow Dance With the Net". New York Times on the web, 7 October 1997.
  3. ^ Minton, Jim. "Gathering People To Write An Operating System".
  4. ^ Rohozinski, Rafal. "Mapping Russian Cyberspace". United Nations Institute for Social Development, October 1999
  5. ^ Grekov, Alexander. "The ISP Scene in Russia". Netnod, 24 September 2010.

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