DGCR2

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DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 2
Identifiers
Symbols DGCR2 ; DGS-C; IDD; LAN; SEZ-12
External IDs OMIM600594 MGI892866 HomoloGene31292 GeneCards: DGCR2 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE DGCR2 214198 s at tn.png
PBB GE DGCR2 202099 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 9993 13356
Ensembl ENSG00000070413 ENSMUSG00000003166
UniProt P98153 P98154
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_001173533 NM_001109750
RefSeq (protein) NP_001167004 NP_001103220
Location (UCSC) Chr 22:
19.04 – 19.12 Mb
Chr 16:
17.84 – 17.89 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

The DGCR2 gene encodes the protein integral membrane protein DGCR2/IDD in humans.[1][2][3]

Deletions of the 22q11.2 have been associated with a wide range of developmental defects (notably DiGeorge syndrome, velocardiofacial syndrome, conotruncal anomaly face syndrome and isolated conotruncal cardiac defects) classified under the acronym CATCH 22. The DGCR2 gene encodes a novel putative adhesion receptor protein, which could play a role in neural crest cells migration, a process which has been proposed to be altered in DiGeorge syndrome.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wadey R, Daw S, Taylor C, Atif U, Kamath S, Halford S, O'Donnell H, Wilson D, Goodship J, Burn J (Oct 1995). "Isolation of a gene encoding an integral membrane protein from the vicinity of a balanced translocation breakpoint associated with DiGeorge syndrome". Hum Mol Genet 4 (6): 1027–1033. doi:10.1093/hmg/4.6.1027. PMID 7655455. 
  2. ^ Kajiwara K, Nagasawa H, Shimizu-Nishikawa K, Ookura T, Kimura M, Sugaya E (Jun 1996). "Cloning of SEZ-12 encoding seizure-related and membrane-bound adhesion protein". Biochem Biophys Res Commun 222 (1): 144–148. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1996.0712. PMID 8630060. 
  3. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: DGCR2 DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 2". 

Further reading[edit]

  • Demczuk S, Aledo R, Zucman J, Delattre O, Desmaze C, Dauphinot L, Jalbert P, Rouleau GA, Thomas G, Aurias A (1995). "Cloning of a balanced translocation breakpoint in the DiGeorge syndrome critical region and isolation of a novel potential adhesion receptor gene in its vicinity". Hum. Mol. Genet. 4 (4): 551–558. doi:10.1093/hmg/4.4.551. PMID 7633403. 
  • Nagase T, Seki N, Ishikawa K, Tanaka A, Nomura N (1996). "Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. V. The coding sequences of 40 new genes (KIAA0161-KIAA0200) deduced by analysis of cDNA clones from human cell line KG-1". DNA Res. 3 (1): 17–24. doi:10.1093/dnares/3.1.17. PMID 8724849. 
  • Gong W, Emanuel BS, Collins J, Kim DH, Wang Z, Chen F, Zhang G, Roe B, Budarf ML (1996). "A transcription map of the DiGeorge and velo-cardio-facial syndrome minimal critical region on 22q11". Hum. Mol. Genet. 5 (6): 789–800. doi:10.1093/hmg/5.6.789. PMID 8776594. 
  • Colland F, Jacq X, Trouplin V, Mougin C, Groizeleau C, Hamburger A, Meil A, Wojcik J, Legrain P, Gauthier JM (2004). "Functional proteomics mapping of a human signaling pathway". Genome Res. 14 (7): 1324–1332. doi:10.1101/gr.2334104. PMC 442148. PMID 15231748. 
  • Collins JE, Wright CL, Edwards CA, Davis MP, Grinham JA, Cole CG, Goward ME, Aguado B, Mallya M, Mokrab Y, Huckle EJ, Beare DM, Dunham I (2005). "A genome annotation-driven approach to cloning the human ORFeome". Genome Biol. 5 (10): R84. doi:10.1186/gb-2004-5-10-r84. PMC 545604. PMID 15461802. 
  • Shifman S, Levit A, Chen ML, Chen CH, Bronstein M, Weizman A, Yakir B, Navon R, Darvasi A (2007). "A complete genetic association scan of the 22q11 deletion region and functional evidence reveal an association between DGCR2 and schizophrenia". Hum. Genet. 120 (2): 160–170. doi:10.1007/s00439-006-0195-0. PMID 16783572. 
  • Olsen JV, Blagoev B, Gnad F, Macek B, Kumar C, Mortensen P, Mann M (2006). "Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks". Cell 127 (3): 635–648. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.09.026. PMID 17081983. 

External links[edit]