This gene encodes a cytoplasmic enzyme that phosphorylates diacylglycerol to produce phosphatidic acid. Diacylglycerol and phosphatidic acid are two lipids that act as second messengers in signaling cascades. Their cellular concentrations are regulated by the encoded protein, and so it is thought to play an important role in cellular signal transduction. Alternative splicing results in two transcript variants encoding different isoforms.
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^Murakami T, Sakane F, Imai S, Houkin K, Kanoh H (Sep 2003). "Identification and characterization of two splice variants of human diacylglycerol kinase eta". J Biol Chem. 278 (36): 34364–72. doi:10.1074/jbc.M301542200. PMID12810723.
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Bregoli L, Baldassare JJ, Raben DM (2001). "Nuclear diacylglycerol kinase-theta is activated in response to alpha-thrombin". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (26): 23288–95. doi:10.1074/jbc.M101501200. PMID11309392.
Imai S, Sakane F, Kanoh H (2002). "Phorbol ester-regulated oligomerization of diacylglycerol kinase delta linked to its phosphorylation and translocation". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (38): 35323–32. doi:10.1074/jbc.M202035200. PMID12084710.
Sakane F, Imai S, Yamada K, et al. (2003). "Alternative splicing of the human diacylglycerol kinase delta gene generates two isoforms differing in their expression patterns and in regulatory functions". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (45): 43519–26. doi:10.1074/jbc.M206895200. PMID12200442.