|Preferred IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||g·mol−1 418.618|
|Appearance||Oily viscous liquid|
|Melting point||−43 °C (−45 °F; 230 K)|
|Boiling point||244 to 252 °C (471 to 486 °F; 517 to 525 K) at 0.7 kPa|
|<0.01 g/mL at 20 °C|
|Viscosity||64 to 265 mPa·s|
|Flash point||221 °C (430 °F; 494 K) (c.c.)|
|380 °C (716 °F; 653 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Diisononyl phthalate (DINP) is a phthalate used as a plasticizer. DINP is typically a mixture of chemical compounds consisting of various isononyl esters of phthalic acid, and is commonly used in a large variety of plastic items.
Studies find that exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of DINP in zebrafish disrupt the endocannabinoid system (ECS) and affect reproduction in a gender specific manner, and have other adverse effects on aquatic organisms, as DINP upregulates orexigenic signals and causes hepatosteatosis together with deregulation of the peripheral ECS and lipid metabolism.
- Diisononyl phthalate at Inchem.org
- "EU legislative list for food contact materials".
- "State of California, Chemicals known to the state to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity, January 3, 2014" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-01-10.
- "Disruption of the gonadal endocannabinoid system in zebrafish exposed to diisononyl phthalate". Environmental Pollution. 241: 1–8. 2018-10-01. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2018.05.007. ISSN 0269-7491.
- Forner-Piquer, Isabel; Maradonna, Francesca; Gioacchini, Giorgia; Santangeli, Stefania; Allarà, Marco; Piscitelli, Fabiana; Habibi, Hamid R; Di Marzo, Vincenzo; Carnevali, Oliana (2017-08-14). "Dose-Specific Effects of Di-Isononyl Phthalate on the Endocannabinoid System and on Liver of Female Zebrafish". Endocrinology. 158 (10): 3462–3476. doi:10.1210/en.2017-00458. ISSN 0013-7227.