DOTMLPF is an acronym used by the United States Department of Defense. DOTMLPF is defined in The Joint Capabilities Integration Development System, or JCIDS Process. The JCIDS process provides a solution space that considers solutions (stated in terms of diplomatic or military organization) involving a simulation of doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel, and facilities (DOTMLPF) required to accomplish a mission. Because combatant commanders define requirements in consultation with the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), they are able to consider gaps in the context of strategic direction for the total US military force and influence the direction of requirements earlier in the acquisition process, in particular, materiel.
It also serves as a mnemonic for staff planners to consider certain issues prior to undertaking a new effort.
Here is an example of how DOTMLPF would be interpreted in the military context:
- Doctrine: the way they fight, e.g., emphasizing maneuver warfare combined air-ground campaigns.
- Organization: how they organize to fight; divisions, air wings, Marine-Air Ground Task Forces (MAGTFs), etc.
- Training: how they prepare to fight tactically; basic training to advanced individual training, various types of unit training, joint exercises, etc.
- Materiel: all the “stuff” necessary to equip the forces, that is, weapons, spares, etc. so they can operate effectively.
- Leadership and education: how they prepare their leaders to lead the fight from squad leader to 4-star general/admiral; professional development.
- Personnel: availability of qualified people for peacetime, wartime, and various contingency operations
- Facilities: real property; installations and industrial facilities (e.g. government owned ammunition production facilities) that support the forces.
The idea is to fix the capability gap, and CJCSI 3170.01G – Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System, 1 March 2009, is the one governing instruction that encompasses both materiel (requiring new defense acquisition programs) and non-materiel (not requiring new defense acquisition program) solutions. 
- Policy: DoD, interagency, or international policy that impacts the other seven non-materiel elements.
- Joint Publication 1-02, Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms Archived November 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, 8 November 2010 (As Amended Through 15 March 2015) see Joint Concept
- See for example Defense Acquisition University (2014) Scenarios for Capabilities
- DOTMLPF Analysis
- NATO Acronyms & Definitions
- CJCSI 3010.02D 22 November 2013 GUIDANCE FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF JOINT CONCEPTS
- DoD Budget