Coordinates: 6°12′37″S 106°48′00″E / 6.21028°S 106.80000°E
|DPR/MPR (National Parliament) Building|
|Location||Central Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia|
|Construction started||8 March 1965|
(Main building completed 1968)
|Design and construction|
The MPR/DPR/DPD Building, also known as the MPR/DPR Building is the seat of government for the Indonesian legislative branch of government, which consists of the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR), the People's Representative Council (DPR) and the Regional Representatives Council (DPD).
Construction of the building was ordered on 8 March 1965 by Sukarno, the first president of Indonesia, through the Decree of the President of the Republic of Indonesia Number 48/1965. The building was intended to house the Conference of New Emerging Forces (CONEFO), a now defunct alternative for the United Nations, with the first conference being scheduled for 1966. The members of the organization were planned to consist of the countries of Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Non-Aligned Movement.
The first conference was scheduled for 1966, and the building was scheduled for completion before 17 August 1966, leaving 17 months for construction. Construction began in March 1965 following a contest for the design, which resulted in the design by architect Soejoedi Wirjoatmodjo being agreed upon and ratified by president Sukarno on February 22, 1965.
Construction was hampered due to the coup attempt of 30 September 1965. CONEFO idea was soon abandoned after Sukarno's fall, but work on the building was resumed based on the Decree of the Presidium of the Ampera Cabinet Number 79/U/Kep/11/1966 dated November 9, 1966, whose designation was changed to the MPR/DPR RI Building.
Gradually, construction was completed and handed over to the Secretariat General of the DPR: Main Conference Building in March 1968, Secretariat Building and Health Center Building (March 1978), Auditorium Building (September 1982), and Banquet Building (February 1983).
In May 1998, the buildings were occupied by about 80,000 tertiary students  protesting against the Trisakti shootings, the continuing presidency of Suharto and calling for the dissolution of the People's Representative Council and People's Consultative Assembly for 1998–2003 period.
The complex comprises six buildings. The main building is Nusantara with its unique Garuda wing-shaped roof and contains the 1,700-seat plenary meeting hall. The other five buildings are Nusantara I a 23-storey building containing legislature members' offices and meeting rooms, Nusantara II and Nusantara III, which contain committee meeting rooms and offices, Nusantara IV, used for conferences and ceremonies, and Nusantara V, which has a 500-seat plenary hall.
- ^ BSID-MPR. "MPR RI | Rumah Kebangsaan". mpr.go.id. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
- ^ "Kontak". www.dpr.go.id. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
- ^ a b Merrillees 2015, p. 123.
- ^ "Riwayat Nama Ruang dan Gedung Parlemen". Historia - Majalah Sejarah Populer Pertama di Indonesia (in Indonesian). 2014-11-27. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
- ^ 80.000 students occupied the DPR/MPR Building Archived 2008-09-25 at the Wayback Machine pg. 5
- ^ "Semanggi Peduli". Archived from the original on 2017-01-14. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
- MPR/DPR-RI Buildings at a Glance. Secretariat General of DPR-RI. 2001.
- Merrillees, Scott (2015). Jakarta: Portraits of a Capital 1950-1980. Jakarta: Equinox Publishing. ISBN 9786028397308.
- History of the DPR/MPR Building (in Indonesian)
- Occupation of the DPR/MPR Building (in Indonesian)
- Ex-Reform activist:No manipulation in the DPR/MPR building occupation (in Indonesian)