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Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||18h 07m 30.25s|
|Declination||+45° 51′ 32.6″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||15.16|
|Variable type||DQ Herculis|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||-4 km/s|
|Parallax (π)||-5 ± 11 mas|
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||12.99|
|Period (P)||0.0002 yr|
|Semi-major axis (a)||0.003 Astronomical Units"|
DQ Herculis (or Nova Herculis 1934) was a slow, bright nova occurring in Hercules in December 1934. The nova was first observed on 13 Dec, 1934, reaching a peak brightness with an apparent magnitude 1.5 on 22 Dec, 1934. The nova remaining visible to the naked eye for several months. With the use of a modest telescope, the nova was observable for significantly longer.
Dai & Qian (2009) invoke the presence of a third object to explain orbital period variations observed in the dwarf nova. If the third body is confirmed, it would likely turn out a brown dwarf companion.
In Popular Culture
The nova was one of the brightest objects observable in the night sky. In addition to scientific articles, and received significant coverage in popular news publications. Brad Ricca, an English professor at Case Western Reserve University, has suggested that Nova Herculis may have influenced the development of the origin story of the comic book superhero Superman.
- Wright, W. H. (1935). "Comments on Nova Herculis 1934". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 47 (275): 47–49. Bibcode:1935PASP...47...47.. doi:10.1086/124534.
- "Nova Herculis, Discovered in December 1934, Varies From First to Thirteenth Magnitudes--Now Fading, About Sixth". 1935-12-07. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- Dai & Qian; Qian, S. B. (2009). "Plausible explanations for the variations of orbital period in the old nova DQ Herculis". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 503 (3): 883–888. Bibcode:2009A&A...503..883D. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200810909.
- Waldemar Kaempffert (1934-12-23). "The Week In Science: STAR OF BETHLEHEM A NOVA?; Recent Brilliant Outburst Recalls the Orb the Magi Followed". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "Science: Nova Herculis; Swaseya". Time. 1934-12-31. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "Superman's Origins Possibly Born from Star Explosion". 2013-07-12. Retrieved 2013-08-07.