DRG Class 80

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
DRG Class 80
80013 DDM.jpg
80 013 in Neuenmarkt-Wirsberg
Number(s)80 001–039
Quantity39
Manufacturer
Year(s) of manufacture1927–1928
Retired1977
Wheel arrangement0-6-0T
Axle arrangementC h2t
TypeGt 33.17
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Length over buffers9,670 mm (31 ft 8 34 in)
Height4,165 mm (13 ft 8 in)
Overall wheelbase3,200 mm (10 ft 6 in)
Empty weight44.3 tonnes (43.6 long tons; 48.8 short tons)
Service weight54.4 tonnes (53.5 long tons; 60.0 short tons)
Adhesive weight54.4 tonnes (53.5 long tons; 60.0 short tons)
Axle load18.1 tonnes (17.8 long tons; 20.0 short tons)
Top speed45 km/h (28 mph)
Indicated Power423 kW (575 PS; 567 hp)
Driving wheel diameter1,100 mm (3 ft 7 14 in)
No. of cylindersTwo, outside
Cylinder bore450 mm (17 1116 in)
Piston stroke550 mm (21 58 in)
Boiler Overpressure14 bar (1.40 MPa; 203 psi)
No. of heating tubes114
No. of smoke tubes32
Heating tube length2,500 m (8,202 ft 1 14 in)
Grate area1.54 m2 (16.6 sq ft)
Radiative heating area6.6 m2 (71 sq ft)
Tube heating area
  • Tubes: 35.37 m2 (380.7 sq ft)
  • Flues: 27.65 m2 (297.6 sq ft)
Superheater area25.50 m2 (274.5 sq ft)
Evaporative heating area69.62 m2 (749.4 sq ft)
Water capacity5 m3 (180 cu ft) or 5,000 litres (1,100 imp gal; 1,300 US gal)
FuelCoal: 2 tonnes (2.0 long tons; 2.2 short tons)
BrakesDirect-release Knorr compressed-air brakes
Auxiliary brakeyes
Parking brakeK-GP mZ counterweight handbrake

The Class 80 tank engines were German standard locomotives (Einheitsloks) with the Deutsche Reichsbahn. They were intended to replace the aging, rickety state railway line engines performing shunting duties in their dotage at large stations.

History[edit]

Between 1927 and 1928 39 vehicles were produced, having been built in the locomotive factories of Jung in Jungenthal, Union Gießerei in Königsberg, Wolf and Hohenzollern. With the development of the Class 80, a relatively economical and simple locomotive class, it was hoped that the cost of shunting duties would come down.

After they had been on duty, prior to the Second World War, primarily in the area of Leipzig (including the shunting of post vans) and Cologne, 22 units went into the DR in East Germany, post-1945, and 17 to the Deutsche Bundesbahn. They were in service with the DR until 1968.

In the Federal Republic of Germany, the last Bundesbahn engine was taken out of service in 1965. Several examples survived in the Ruhrgebiet until 1977 as industrial locomotives with the Ruhrkohle AG.

Preserved Locomotives[edit]

80 039 with its Hamm Museum Railway train near Uentrop

A total of seven locomotives of this class have been preserved:

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Merte, Jens. "Museal erhaltene Lokomotiven Christian Hagans, Erfurt" [Preserved locomotives from the Maschinenfabrik Christian Hagans] (in German).

External links[edit]