DS Andromedae

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DS Andromedae
NGC 752.png
Red circle.svg
Location of DS Andromedae in NGC 752 (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Andromeda
Right ascension  01h 57m 46.0561s[1]
Declination +38° 04′ 28.43112″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 10.44 – 10.93 variable[2]
Spectral type F3IV-V + G0V[3]
Apparent magnitude (B) 10.89[4]
Apparent magnitude (V) 10.52[4]
Apparent magnitude (G) 10.4555[1]
Apparent magnitude (J) 9.653[5]
Apparent magnitude (H) 9.481[5]
Apparent magnitude (K) 9.407[5]
Variable type Algol[2]
Radial velocity (Rv)2.5±2.0[3] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 10.172±0.082 [1] mas/yr
Dec.: 11.78±0.08[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)2.1968 ± 0.0404[1] mas
Distance1,480 ± 30 ly
(455 ± 8 pc)
Period (P)1.0105188 days[2]
Semi-major axis (a)5.77 R[3]
Eccentricity (e)0[3]
Inclination (i)84.3[3]°
Periastron epoch (T)HJD 2,436,142.405[3]
Semi-amplitude (K1)
110[6] km/s
Semi-amplitude (K2)
180[6] km/s
Mass1.58±0.17 M
Radius2.10±0.08 R
Luminosity8.3 L
Temperature6,775 K
Mass0.94±0.10 M
Radius1.19±0.05 R
Luminosity1.6 L
Temperature5,997 K
Other designations
2MASS J01574604+3804284, BD+37 435, TYC 2816-2203-1
Database references

DS Andromedae (often abbreviated to DS And) is an eclipsing binary star in the constellation Andromeda and a member of the open cluster NGC 752. Its maximum apparent visual magnitude is 10.44, but drops down to 10.93 during the main eclipse and to 10.71 during the secondary one.


The primary star has a spectral classification F3IV-V, matching the evidence for a star that is evolving off the main sequence and is expanding its radius. The secondary is thought to be a main sequence star with spectral type G0. It is not visible in the spectrum of DS Andromedae, but the temperature and spectral type can be estimated from the difference in brightness of the two components, determined from the eclipses. The two components are modelled to have apparent magnitudes of 10.62 and 12.47 respectively.[3]

The age of DS Andromedae appears to be very close to the hook at the end of main sequence phase of evolution and has just reached the subgiant branch. Its age can be determined at 2.0±0.2 Gyr from the NGC 752 main sequence turnoff and this allows its physical properties to be accurately calculated. It appears to be not quite filling its roche lobe and no mass transfer has taken place between the two stars; they are evolving as isolated stars.[3]


The light curve of DS Andromedae shows a main eclipse when the secondary star passes in front of the primary, and a secondary eclipse when the opposite occurs. This cycle repeats with a periodicity slightly over one day. Since the system is almost exactly edge-on the secondary eclipse is total, and allows the determination of the spectral type of the secondary component. The primary eclipse is annular as the smaller secondary passes in front of the hotter brighter primary.[3]

It is classified as an Algol variable (detached) star in the General Catalogue of Variable Stars,[2] but is sometimes considered to be a β Lyrae variable (contact)[7].


  1. ^ a b c d e f Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  2. ^ a b c d DS And, database entry, Combined General Catalog of Variable Stars (GCVS4.2, 2004 Ed.), N. N. Samus, O. V. Durlevich, et al., CDS ID II/250 Accessed on line 2018-10-17.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Schiller, S. J.; Milone, E. F. (1988). "Photometric and Spectroscopic Analysis of the Eclipsing Binary DS Andromedae- a Member of NGC 752". Astronomical Journal. 95: 1466. Bibcode:1988AJ.....95.1466S. doi:10.1086/114742.
  4. ^ a b "DS And". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c Cutri, R. M.; Skrutskie, M. F.; Van Dyk, S.; et al. (June 2003). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: 2MASS All-Sky Catalog of Point Sources (Cutri+ 2003)". CDS/ADC Collection of Electronic Catalogues (2246): II/246. Bibcode:2003yCat.2246....0C.
  6. ^ a b Pourbaix, D.; et al. (September 2004), "SB9: The ninth catalogue of spectroscopic binary orbits", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 424 (2): 727–732, arXiv:astro-ph/0406573, Bibcode:2004A&A...424..727P, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20041213.
  7. ^ Avvakumova, E. A.; Malkov, O. Yu.; Kniazev, A. Yu. (2013). "Eclipsing variables: Catalogue and classification" (PDF). Astronomische Nachrichten. 334 (8): 860. Bibcode:2013AN....334..860A. doi:10.1002/asna.201311942. hdl:10995/27061.