DY Persei variable

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

DY Persei variables are a subclass of R Coronae Borealis (R CrB) variables. They are carbon-rich asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars that exhibit pulsational variability of AGB stars and irregular fades similar to R CrB stars.

The star DY Persei is the prototype of this tiny class of variable stars. Only DY Persei itself was known in out galaxy until 2008 when systematic catalogue searches for R CrB variables discovered a 17th magnitude (at maximum) example.[1] Since then automated searches have confirmed another four, including one of magnitude 5.9 at maximum.[2] There are also several candidates that have not yet been observed to fade, and several DY Per stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud.[3]

Although DY Persei variables have been considered a subset of the R CrB variables because of their irregular fades and carbon-rich spectra, they may simply be an unusual type of Carbon star unrelated to the more massive and more luminous R CrB variables. The fades may be caused by obscuring ejection events rather than carbon condensation in the atmospheres of the stars.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tisserand, P.; Marquette, J. B.; Wood, P. R.; Lesquoy, É.; Beaulieu, J. P.; Milsztajn, A.; Hamadache, C.; Afonso, C.; Albert, J. N.; Andersen, J.; Ansari, R.; Aubourg, É.; Bareyre, P.; Charlot, X.; Coutures, C.; Ferlet, R.; Fouqué, P.; Glicenstein, J. F.; Goldman, B.; Gould, A.; Gros, M.; Haissinski, J.; De Kat, J.; Le Guillou, L.; Loup, C.; Magneville, C.; Maurice, É.; Maury, A.; Moniez, M. et al. (2008). "R Coronae Borealis stars in the Galactic bulge discovered by EROS-2". Astronomy and Astrophysics 481 (3): 673. Bibcode:10.1051/0004-6361:20078814. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078814. 
  2. ^ a b Miller, A. A.; Richards, J. W.; Bloom, J. S.; Cenko, S. B.; Silverman, J. M.; Starr, D. L.; Stassun, K. G. (2012). "Discovery of Bright Galactic R Coronae Borealis and Dy Persei Variables: Rare Gems Mined from Acvs". The Astrophysical Journal 755 (2): 98. Bibcode:10.1088/0004-637X/755/2/98. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/755/2/98. 
  3. ^ Tisserand, P.; Wood, P. R.; Marquette, J. B.; Afonso, C.; Albert, J. N.; Andersen, J.; Ansari, R.; Aubourg, É.; Bareyre, P.; Beaulieu, J. P.; Charlot, X.; Coutures, C.; Ferlet, R.; Fouqué, P.; Glicenstein, J. F.; Goldman, B.; Gould, A.; Gros, M.; De Kat, J.; Lesquoy, É.; Loup, C.; Magneville, C.; Maurice, É.; Maury, A.; Milsztajn, A.; Moniez, M.; Palanque-Delabrouille, N.; Perdereau, O.; Rich, J. et al. (2009). "New Magellanic Cloud R Coronae Borealis and DY Persei type stars from the EROS-2 database: The connection between RCBs, DYPers, and ordinary carbon stars". Astronomy and Astrophysics 501 (3): 985. Bibcode:2009A&A...501..985T. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200911808.