D (New York City Subway service)

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Sixth Avenue Express
D symbol
NYCSubway2590.jpg
A train made of R68 cars in D service at Bay Parkway, bound for Manhattan and the Bronx.
D map
Northern end Norwood–205th Street
Southern end Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue
Stations 36
41 (including late night Fourth Avenue local service)
Rolling stock 232 R68s (29 trains, AM rush)
216 R68s (27 trains, PM rush)
Depot Concourse Yard
Started service December 15, 1940; 76 years ago (1940-12-15)
Route map
 D  Down arrow
Norwood–205th Street
( B  Down arrow)
Bedford Park Boulevard
 D 
express during rush peak;
local at all other times
Kingsbridge Road
Fordham Road
182nd–183rd Streets
Tremont Avenue
174th–175th Streets
170th Street
167th Street
161st Street–Yankee Stadium
The Bronx
Manhattan
155th Street
 A   C  trains continue north
( B  Down arrow)
145th Street
 D 
express during rush peak;
local at all other times
 D 
Local section;
bypassed at all times
 D 
Local section;
bypassed at all times
135th Street
125th Street
 D 
Local section;
bypassed at all times
 D 
Local section;
bypassed at all times
116th Street
Cathedral Parkway–110th Street
103rd Street
96th Street
86th Street
81st Street–Museum of Natural History
72nd Street
59th Street–Columbus Circle
 C   E  trains continue south
 A  trains continue south
Seventh Avenue
 E   M  trains continue north
 F  trains continue north
47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center
42nd Street–Bryant Park
34th Street–Herald Square
 D 
Local section;
bypassed at all times
 D 
Local section;
bypassed at all times
23rd Street
14th Street
West Fourth Street–Washington Square
Broadway–Lafayette Street
 F   M  trains continue south
Grand Street
 N   Q  trains continue north
Manhattan
Brooklyn
 R  trains continue north
 D 
switches to local
during late nights
Myrtle Avenue
DeKalb Avenue
 B   Q  trains continue south
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center
Union Street
Ninth Street
Prospect Avenue
25th Street
36th Street
 D 
switches to local
during late nights
 N   R  trains continue south
Ninth Avenue
Fort Hamilton Parkway
50th Street
55th Street
62nd Street
71st Street
79th Street
18th Avenue
20th Avenue
Bay Parkway
25th Avenue
Bay 50th Street
 N  trains continue north
 F   Q  trains continue north
 F   Q  Up arrow
 D   N  Up arrow
Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue

Lines used by the  D 
Other services sharing tracks with the  D 
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The D Sixth Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored orange since it uses the IND Sixth Avenue Line in Manhattan.[1]

The D operates at all times between 205th Street in Norwood, Bronx, and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn. Daytime service operates local in the Bronx and express in Manhattan and in Brooklyn (between Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center and 36th Street, bypassing DeKalb Avenue). During rush hours in the peak direction, service operates express between Fordham Road in the Bronx and 145th Street in Manhattan. Late night service operates local in the Bronx and Brooklyn (stopping at DeKalb Avenue) and express in Manhattan.

History[edit]

A poster showing the temporary DD service that resulted from a water main break.
Sixth Avenue Subway Will Be Opened to the Public at 12-01 A.M. Sunday, Dec 15, 1940

D service began on December 15, 1940 when the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened. It ran from 205th Street, the Bronx to World Trade Center (at that time called Hudson Terminal) on the IND Eighth Avenue Line, switching between the IND Sixth Avenue to the Eighth Avenue Lines just south of West Fourth Street – Washington Square.[2]

D service was increased on October 24, 1949 in order to offset the loss off CC service.[3]

On December 29, 1951, peak direction express service in the Bronx was discontinued.

On October 30, 1954, a connection between the IND South Brooklyn Line and BMT Culver Line opened. D service was rerouted via these two lines to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue with limited rush hour trains to Church Avenue.[4]

Between 1957 and 1959, limited rush hour trains ran express and/or local to Euclid Avenue.

From December 4 to 27, 1962, a special service labeled DD was provided due to a water main break. It ran local from 205th Street, Bronx to 59th Street–Columbus Circle, then continued as a local down the Eighth Avenue Line to West Fourth Street, where it switched to the Sixth Avenue Line and continued on its normal route to Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue via the Culver Line.[5]

D Train (1967-1979).svg
1967-1979 bullet

On November 26, 1967, the Chrystie Street Connection opened, adding express service on the Sixth Avenue Line and connecting it with the north tracks of the Manhattan Bridge. D service was switched over to BMT Brighton Line via this new connector. It became the express service weekdays to Brighton Beach and the local to Stillwell Avenue at other times. In Manhattan, it ran express from West 4th Street to 34th Street rush hours only (the B used the express tracks to relay when it terminated at West 4th Street at other times).[6] It would become the full-time Sixth Avenue Express when non-rush hours B service was extended to 57th Street – Sixth Avenue.

D Train (1986-1988).svg
Yellow D bullet from 1986 to 1988, when it served the BMT Broadway Line.

When the north tracks of the Manhattan Bridge closed on April 13, 1986 due to construction, the D service was divided and ran in two sections, one between Norwood–205th Street in the Bronx and 34th Street–Herald Square (the Orange D) while the other ran from 57th Street–Seventh Avenue on the BMT Broadway Line, then express along the Broadway Line to Canal Street, then over the south tracks of the Manhattan Bridge into Brooklyn, and then along the Brighton Line to Stillwell Avenue (the Yellow D). At this time, D/Q skip-stop service ran in Brooklyn on weekdays.

On December 11, 1988, the north tracks of the Manhattan Bridge reopened and the two sections of the D joined together running via Sixth Avenue Express. The D now ran as the full-time Brighton Local to Stillwell Avenue.[7]

In May 1995, the north tracks were closed during midday and weekends and D service was cut south of 34th Street-Herald Square. On July 22, 2001, it was closed at all times and D service was cut again. In Brooklyn, it was replaced by Q local service.[8]

After September 11, 2001, C service was suspended. On weekends, the D ran local on the Eighth Avenue Line north of 59th Street to fill in the gap in service caused by the suspension.

On February 22, 2004, full service on the Manhattan Bridge was restored and D trains were extended via the north tracks of the bridge to Brooklyn, replacing the W as the Fourth Avenue Express (late nights local) and West End Local to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue.[9][10][11] The D was moved to the West End Line instead of returning to the Brighton Line, which it had run on since 1967, in order to avoid running two separate (B and D) shortened services outside of weekdays. Moving the D to the West End Line meant it could now provide 24-hour service to both the Concourse Line in the Bronx and West End Line in Brooklyn. This eliminated the need to run late-night and/or weekend shuttles on either the West End or Concourse lines.[12]

From May 24, 2004 to Fall 2004, construction on the IND Concourse Line, required the suspension of D express service in the Bronx.[13]

In popular culture[edit]

  • Bob Dylan's 1966 song "Visions of Johanna" includes the lyric "In the empty lot where the ladies play blindman's bluff with the keychain/And the all-night girls, they whisper of escapades out on the D train." At the time, the D used the IND Culver Line to Coney Island.
  • Biz Markie's song "Pickin' Boogers" from his debut album Goin' Off features the line "I was chillin one day/with my partner Kane/headed up to the rooftop/ridin' the D train."
  • The opening track on Yoko Ono's 2009 album Between My Head And The Sky is titled 'Waiting For The D Train'. The D passes through 72nd Street (opposite Yoko's apartment in the Dakota Building) but never stops there, as it is a local station.
  • In the late 1980s and early 1990s, numerous Top 10 Lists on Late Night with David Letterman contained references to the D train.
  • The famous car-chase scene in the movie The French Connection took place under the elevated tracks running from 86th Street into New Utrecht Avenue, Brooklyn (although at that time, the B was serving the West End Line). Many of the actual street scenes, however, were shot in other areas, such as Bushwick, Brooklyn.
  • The namesake street youth gang in the 1979 film The Warriors travel on the D, throughout the film's opening credits, from their Coney Island turf to a meeting in the Bronx.
  • The service is mentioned in the song Boogie Down by Man Parrish Ft. Freeze Force (MC John Ski) raps the following line: "You take the D to 205th Then go see me 'cause I got the gift And I'm the cool MC with the vicious sounds I'm not from the Bronx, but I still Boogie Down".
  • The service is mentioned in the song 3 The Hard Way by Beastie Boys. Adam Yauch raps the following line: "Used to ride the D to beat the morning bell at Edward R. Murrow out on Avenue L..." (Referring to Edward R. Murrow High School, where the D served the station closest to the school, Avenue M, until 2001, when it was replaced by the Q).
  • The service is mentioned twice in the song Stop That Train by the Beastie Boys. Mike D and Adrock rap the following line: "Same faces every day, but you don't know their names, party people going places on the D train". Adam Yauch raps the following line: "Groggy-eyed and fried, and I'm headed for the station, D train ride to Coney Island vacation."
  • The eponymous character of Seinfeld uses the D train to go to Coney Island in the episode The Subway.
  • The 1980s folk-pop trio The Washington Squares includes a song titled "D Train" on their eponymous 1987 debut album.
  • Type O Negative refer to the D train as the chosen transport to Brighton Beach, where lead singer Peter Steele will kill his girlfriend in their songs "Xero Tolerance," "Hey Pete", and "Kill You Tonight".
  • It is also mentioned in an episode of Penguins of Madagascar called "Gone In A Flash" where the penguins go to rescue Maurice and have to travel through the subway system. Also, in episode "Dr. Blowhole's Revenge", when Julien is kidnaped by the lobsters, Mort starts his travel to save him by using the metro until Coney Island.
  • Man Against Crime episode Third Rail (S4E19) starring Ralph Bellamy was filmed on the D train and at the 207th Street Yard in 1953.
  • Jean-Michel Basquiat generated much interest in his graffiti art, which took the form of spray-painted aphorisms that were targeted at the D train.[14]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the D, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[15]

Line From To Tracks Times
non-
rush
rush
peak
late
nights
IND Concourse Line (full line) Norwood–205th Street all      
Bedford Park Boulevard 145th Street express    
local      
IND Eighth Avenue Line 135th Street 59th Street–Columbus Circle express  
IND Sixth Avenue Line Seventh Avenue Broadway–Lafayette Street
Chrystie Street Connection Grand Street all
Manhattan Bridge north
BMT Fourth Avenue Line DeKalb Avenue bypass  
bridge      
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center 36th Street express      
local      
BMT West End Line (full line) Ninth Avenue Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue    

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
D service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections
The Bronx
Concourse Line
Stops all times Norwood–205th Street
Stops all times Bedford Park Boulevard B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. Some a.m. rush hour trips to and from Brooklyn begin or end their runs at this station[a]
Stops all times Kingsbridge Road Handicapped/disabled access B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Stops all times Fordham Road B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. Bx12 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction 182nd–183rd Streets B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Stops all times Tremont Avenue B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction 174th–175th Streets B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction 170th Street B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction 167th Street B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction 161st Street–Yankee Stadium Handicapped/disabled access B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
4 all times (IRT Jerome Avenue Line)
Manhattan
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction 155th Street B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Stops all times 145th Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
A all times C all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
Eighth Avenue Line
Stops all times 125th Street Handicapped/disabled access A all times C all except late nights B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times 59th Street–Columbus Circle Handicapped/disabled access A all times C all except late nights B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
1 all times 2 late nights (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
Sixth Avenue Line
Stops all times Seventh Avenue B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
E all times (IND Queens Boulevard Line)
Stops all times 47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times 42nd Street–Bryant Park Elevator access to mezzanine only B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line at Fifth Avenue)
Stops all times 34th Street–Herald Square Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
N all times Q all times R all except late nights W weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Stops all times West Fourth Street–Washington Square Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
A all times C all except late nights E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
PATH at 9th Street
Stops all times Broadway–Lafayette Street Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
4 late nights 6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at Bleecker Street)
One northbound weekday evening trip begins at this station
Chyrstie Street Branch
Stops all times Grand Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Brooklyn
Fourth Avenue Line
Stops late nights only DeKalb Avenue Handicapped/disabled access N late nights Q all times R all times
Stops all times Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access N all times R all times W limited rush hour service only
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
2 weekdays and weekday late nights 3 weekdays only 4 all times 5 all times except weekday late nights (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops late nights only Union Street N late nights R all times
Stops late nights only Ninth Street N late nights R all times
F all times G all times (IND Culver Line at Fourth Avenue)
Station closed Prospect Avenue N late nights R all times Station is closed during renovations until December 2017.
Stops late nights only 25th Street N late nights R all times
Stops all times 36th Street N all times R all times W limited rush hour service only
West End Line
Stops all times Ninth Avenue
Stops all times Fort Hamilton Parkway
Stops all times 50th Street
Stops all times 55th Street
Stops all times 62nd Street N all times W selected rush-hour trips (BMT Sea Beach Line at New Utrecht Avenue)
Stops all times 71st Street
Stops all times 79th Street
Stops all times 18th Avenue
Stops all times 20th Avenue
Stops all times Bay Parkway Handicapped/disabled access
Stops all times 25th Avenue
Stops all times Bay 50th Street
Stops all times Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue Handicapped/disabled access F all times (IND Culver Line)
N all times (BMT Sea Beach Line)
Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Some northbound trains terminate at this station during a.m. rush hours; some southbound trains originate at this station during a.m. rush hours.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "mta.info - Line Colors". mta.info. 
  2. ^ "The New Subway Routes". The New York Times. December 15, 1940. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  3. ^ "IND Faster Service Will Start Sunday". New York Times. October 20, 1949. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Bronx to Coney Ride In New Subway Link". New York Times. October 18, 1954. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  5. ^ Brochure reflecting the service change
  6. ^ "New Subway Routes Brochure". www.thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit Authority. November 26, 1967. Retrieved January 24, 2016. 
  7. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  8. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20030629092241/http://mta.info/nyct/service/pdf/tdcur.pdf
  9. ^ Lower Manhattan : News | New Manhattan Bridge Subway Service
  10. ^ "B D M N Q R W Weekday Service Manhattan Bridge Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  11. ^ "MTA NYC Transit Manhattan Bridge Information". February 5, 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  12. ^ "A Subway Map Remade, in Hopes of Matching Routes and Riders". The New York Times. February 20, 2004. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  13. ^ "MTA NYC Transit - Subway Service Information". October 12, 2004. Archived from the original on October 12, 2004. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  14. ^ "MoMA". MoMA.org. 
  15. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 

External links[edit]