|DS100 code||MDA |
|Opened||14 November 1867|
Dachau station (German: Dachau Bahnhof) is a station in the Bavarian town of Dachau on the Munich S-Bahn network. It is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 3 station and it has five platform tracks. It is served daily by about 190 trains operated by Deutsche Bahn, including 150 S-Bahn trains. Dachau station is on the Nuremberg–Munich high-speed railway and is the beginning of the Dachau–Altomünster railway.
Dachau Stadt (town) station is on the Dachau–Altomünster Railway.
Dachau station is located southeast of the town of Dachau. The station building is located to the west of the tracks and has the address of Bahnhofplatz 1. Frühlingstraße runs to the west of the station, while Langhammerstraße runs west from the Bahnhofplatz (station forecourt). To the east of the tracks is Obere Moosschwaigestraße where there is a park-and-ride area. Schleißheimer Straße passes under the tracks to the north of the station. Augustenfelder Straße runs through an underpass to the south of the station. There is a bus station in the station forecourt.
Dachau station was opened on 14 November 1867, together with the Munich–Ingolstadt railway. Facilities available by then included a turntable, a level junction, a goods shed (equipped with a loading track), an entrance building and a watering point. In the following years, the railway received continuous upgrades. Additional tracks were built around Dachau station in 1884, and the station building was upgraded twice, in 1887 and 1895.
The branch from Dachau to Markt Indersdorf, which is also known as the Ludwig-Thoma-Bahn (after the author Ludwig Thoma), was opened on 8 July 1912. This branch line was extended to Altomünster on 18 December 1913, and a new station closer to Dachau town center opened on the branch. To distinguish between the two stations, Dachau station was renamed (in German) from Bahnhof Dachau to Dachau Bahnhof. This change indicates that Dachau station is the main line station serving the town, but .
The main line from Munich to Dachau was electrified in 1939, but further electrification to Ingolstadt was delayed by the outbreak of World War II and wasn't completed until 1960. In 1972, Dachau station was rebuilt again with two new platforms, in preparation for S-Bahn operations, which commenced on 28 May 1972. The S-Bahn line, numbered S2, operates between Petershausen and Munich, with Dachau being an important intermediate station.
General freight operations ended in 1976 and the handling of all other freight was abandoned in 1980. In 1998, the station and forecourt were significantly restructured.
The Dachau–Altomünster railway was integrated into Munich S-Bahn in 1995. At that time, diesel railcars were used, and the railway operated under a separate entity called "Line A". Its electrification was delayed several times, but was eventually finished in 2014. Since then, some S2 services have been diverted onto the Altomünster branch.
Conversion for the Nuremberg–Ingolstadt–Munich high-speed line
In the spring of 2000, construction began on the uprgraded line (Ausbaustrecke) between Ingolstadt and Munich as part of the Nuremberg–Ingolstadt–Munich high-speed line. The Petershausen–Munich line was upgraded for operations at 200 km/h and new tracks are laid for the S-Bahn. On 21 April 2003, the upgrade of the Petershausen–Dachau section was completed, including a third track for line S 2. On 11 December 2005, the upgrade of the Dachau–München-Obermenzing section was completed and the two additional tracks for the S-Bahn were opened, which made possible the operation of S-Bahn services between Munich and Dachau at 10-minute intervals. Dachau station was fundamentally redesigned and received new platforms and improved accessibility.
Dachau station has five platform tracks on three platforms, with platform tracks 1 and 3 and the bay platform 2 located on the same island platform. Track 1 is served by the S-Bahn towards Munich, track 2 by the S-Bahn to Altomünster and track 3 by the S-Bahn towards Petershausen. Track 4, which is a single-sided platform, is served by regional services towards Munich and in the peak hour by single S-Bahn services to Altomünster or Munich. Tracks 5 and 6, which have no platforms, are separated from platform 4 by a noise barrier and are used by non-stopping trains on the high-speed line. Track 7 is also located on a side platform and is served by regional trains towards Ingolstadt. Another noise barrier separates this side platform from Obere Moosschwaigestraße. The S-Bahn platform is roofed and has digital destination displays, while the two side platforms have no platform canopies or platform displays. The platforms are connected by a tunnel to the station building and are equipped with lifts, making them accessible for the disabled. The station is located in the area of the Münchner Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund Munich Transport and Tariff Association, MVV).
The entrance building houses a ticket office and a McDonald's restaurant.
Platform lengths and heights are as follows:
- Track 1: length 360 m, height 96 cm
- Track 3: length 240 m, height 96 cm
- Track 4: length 250 m, height 96 cm
- Track 7: length 360 m, height 96 cm
Regional Express and Regionalbahn
The station is served by the Munich–Treuchtlingen–Nuremberg Regional-Express service and the Munich–Treuchtlingen Regionalbahn service. Both services run every two hours, resulting in an hourly service between Munich and Treuchtlingen. These services are operated with double-deck push–pull trains propelled by class 111 locomotives. In addition, there are single Regionalbahn services operated in the peak hours between Munich and Ingolstadt using Silberling carriages.
|RE||Munich – Dachau – Ingolstadt – Eichstätt – Treuchtlingen – Nuremberg||Every 2 hours|
|RB||Munich – Dachau – Ingolstadt – Eichstätt – Treuchtlingen (– Nuremberg)||Every 2 hours|
|RB||Munich – Dachau – Ingolstadt||Single services|
Dachau station is served by Munich S-Bahn line S2, which runs between Petershausen or Altomünster to Erding, operated using Class 423 electric multiple units. In peak hours, extra S-Bahn services run between Dachau and Altomünster using a class 420 electric multiple unit, increasing the frequency between Dachau and Altomünster to every 30 minutes.
S-Bahn services towards Munich town centre run every 20 minutes, while the S-Bahn trains to Petershausen are either 20 or 40 minutes apart from each other.
Before electrification, the route to Altomünster was operated by diesel multiple units and designated as Line A.
Trains passing through Dachau non-stop
Every two hours the München-Nürnberg-Express passes through the station without stopping. In addition, all Intercity-Express trains on the Nuremberg–Ingolstadt–Munich high-speed line run through the station without stopping.
The bus station at Dachau station has four platforms. It is served by MVV routes operated by Dachau city transport (719, 720, 722, 724 and 726) and district transport (291, 702–706, 710, 721, 723, 725, 736 and 791).
- Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
- "Stationspreisliste 2017" [Station price list 2017] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 18 November 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- Burkhard Thiel. "Geschichte des Bahnhofs Dachau" (in German). Ziel Bahnhof. Archived from the original on 13 January 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- "Map of the station area, showing the S-Bahn station, bus stops, disabled access and parking" (PDF) (in German). MVV. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 July 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- "Ausbau der Lokalbahnlinie Dachau-Altomünster verzögert sich weiter". Münchner Merkur (in German). 24 September 2010. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- "List of German signal boxes" (in German). stellwerke.de. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- "Platform information for Dachau station" (in German). Deutsche Bahn. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- "Bahnhofsinformationen" (in German). MVV. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dachau station.|
- "Description and plans of the station" (in German). BEG. Retrieved 23 March 2013.