The Daco-Roman mixing theory, as an origin for the Romanian people, was formulated by the earliest Romanian scholars, beginning with Dosoftei from Moldavia, in the 17th century, followed in the early 1700s in Transylvania, through the Romanian Uniate clergy and in Wallachia, by the historian Constantin Cantacuzino in his Istoria Țării Rumânești dintru început (History of Wallachia from the beginning), and continued to amplify during the 19th and 20th centuries.
- Maximinus Thrax, Roman emperor from 235 to 238, possibly of Carpian origin
- Regalianus was a Roman usurper and became himself emperor for a brief period of time.
- Aureolus was a Roman military commander and would-be usurper against Gallienus.
- Galerius, Roman emperor from 305 to 311
- Constantine I (though more likely of Illyrian origin) was a Roman emperor who ruled between AD 306 and 337, born in what soon became the new Diocese of Dacia south of the Danube river. He was the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity.
- Ulpia Severina (fl. 3rd century), the wife of the Emperor Aurelian whose nomen Ulpius was widespread in all the provinces along the Danube may have been from Dacia.
- Leo I, Eastern Roman Emperor from 457 to 474
- Culture of Ancient Rome
- Dacian language
- Eastern Romance substratum
- Romanian language
- Origin of the Romanians
- Romance languages
- Legacy of the Roman Empire
- The Balkan linguistic union
- History of Romania
- Romano-British culture
- (in English) Kelley L. Ross The Vlach Connection and Further Reflections on Roman History
- Jonathan Eagles (25 October 2013). Stephen the Great and Balkan Nationalism: Moldova and Eastern European History. I.B.Tauris. pp. 9–. ISBN 978-0-85772-314-7.
- Mark Biondich (17 February 2011). The Balkans: Revolution, War, and Political Violence Since 1878. Oxford University Press. pp. 32–. ISBN 978-0-19-929905-8.
- Lucian Boia (2001). History and Myth in Romanian Consciousness. Central European University Press. pp. 85–. ISBN 978-963-9116-97-9.
- Watson, Alaric (1999). Aurelian and the Third Century. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-07248-4.
- Boia, Lucian (2001b). History and Myth in Romanian Consciousness. Central European University Press. ISBN 978-963-9116-97-9.
- Cihac, Alexandru (1870). Dictionnaire d'étymologie daco-romane: éléments latins comparés avec les autres langues romanes (in French). Frankfurt: Ludolphe St-Goar. ISBN 978-0-559-38812-5.
- Elton, Hugh (1996). Warfare in Roman Europe, AD 350-425. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-815241-5.
- MacKendrick, Paul Lachlan (2000). The Dacian Stones Speak. The University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-4939-2.