Western Union Building (Aberdeen, South Dakota)

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Western Union Building
Western Union Building - Aberdeen.jpg
Building in 2007
Western Union Building (Aberdeen, South Dakota) is located in South Dakota
Western Union Building (Aberdeen, South Dakota)
Western Union Building (Aberdeen, South Dakota) is located in the United States
Western Union Building (Aberdeen, South Dakota)
Location21-23 South Main Street, Aberdeen, South Dakota[1]
Coordinates45°27′51″N 98°29′16″W / 45.4643°N 98.4877°W / 45.4643; -98.4877
Built1888–1889
Part ofAberdeen Commercial Historic District (#88000586)
NRHP reference #76001721
Significant dates
Added to NRHPDecember 12, 1976
Designated CPMay 23, 1988

The Western Union Building, formerly known as the Hagerty Block and currently as the Dacotah Prairie Museum, is a historic bank building in Aberdeen, South Dakota. It is individually listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a contributing property to the Aberdeen Commercial Historic District.

History[edit]

Drawing of the building from 1889 when it was the Northwestern National Bank
The building circa 1912

The Northwestern National Bank formed in Aberdeen in 1888 with Henry Marple as president.[2][3][4] In August 1888, the bank purchased the property and general store at 21–23 South Main Street to build a new bank building.[5] Construction took place from 1888 through 1889[6][a] with the bank opening in the new location in February 1889.[8] In May 1891, a fire damaged the building and gutted the Kearney and Boyer grocery store.[9] In March 1903, another fire damaged the building, originating in the basement banana room of the Gamble & Robinson grocery store.[10]

The building was purchased by Jay Hagerty in 1907, becoming known as the Hagerty Block.[11][b] In 1920, existing tenant Western Union took over the most prominent space in the building, which then became known as the Western Union Building.[13] Over the years, aside from the bank, the building housed grocery stores and several offices.[6][14] In 1970, the building was donated to Brown County for a museum, which opened as the Dacotah Prairie Museum that October.[15] By 1980 the museum was the sole occupant of the building.[6]

The building was nominated for the National Register of Historic Places as the only remaining 19th century bank building in Aberdeen;[12] it was listed on December 12, 1976.[1] The building is also listed on the National Register as a key contributing property of the Aberdeen Commercial Historic District;[16] the district was listed on May 23, 1988.[17]

Architecture[edit]

The Western Union Building is an example of Romanesque Revival architecture.[16][18] The structure is a three-story building made of red brick laid in running bond. There are three main entrances, each framed by a large arch[7] and set a few steps above street level.[8] Pilasters extend the full height of the building, separating windows on the first floor and window pairs on the second and third floors.[7][18] The interior has undergone renovations, but the exterior has changed little over the building's history.[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The NRHP nomination form indicates construction as lasting 1888–1890.[7]
  2. ^ The NRHP nomination form misspells it as "Hoggarty".[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b French 1976, p. 1.
  2. ^ Artz 1991, p. 15.
  3. ^ "Nubs of News: Territorial". Bismarck Weekly Tribune. November 2, 1888. The Northwestern National bank has commenced business at Aberdeen. Capital $100,000.
  4. ^ "New National Banks". The Evening Star. Washington, D.C. October 23, 1888.
  5. ^ Artz 1991, pp. 14–15.
  6. ^ a b c "Dacotah Prairie Museum: About The Building". Dacotah Prairie Museum. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d French 1976, p. 2.
  8. ^ a b Artz 1991, p. 17.
  9. ^ "Fire at Aberdeen: The Northwestern National Bank Block Badly Damaged". Bismarck Weekly Tribune. June 5, 1891. p. 2.
  10. ^ "Aberdeen Scorched: Fire in the Northwestern Bank Building". Lead Daily Call. March 3, 1903. Archived from the original on March 25, 2018.
  11. ^ Artz 1991, pp. 17–18.
  12. ^ a b French 1976, p. 3.
  13. ^ Artz 1991, p. 18.
  14. ^ French 1976, pp. 2–3.
  15. ^ "Dacotah Prairie Museum: About". Dacotah Prairie Museum. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  16. ^ a b Long 1988, p. 11.
  17. ^ Long 1988, p. 1.
  18. ^ a b Artz 1991, p. 16.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]