Dactylorhiza elata

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robust marsh orchid
Dactylorhiza elata 003.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Orchideae
Subtribe: Orchidinae
Genus: Dactylorhiza
Species: D. elata
Binomial name
Dactylorhiza elata
(Poir.) Soó (1962)
  • Orchis elata Poir. (1789) (Basionym)
  • Gymnadenia elata (Poir.) Lindl.
  • Orchis latifolia var. elata (Poir.) Rchb.f.
  • Dactylorchis elata (Poir.) Verm.
  • Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. elata (Poir.) H.Sund.
  • Orchis incarnata var. algerica Desf
  • Orchis vestita Lag. & Rodr.
  • Orchis munbyana Boiss. & Reut.
  • Orchis kabyliensis G.Keller
  • Orchis africana (Klinge) A.W.Hill
  • Dactylorchis munbyana (Boiss. & Reut.) Verm.
  • Orchis rassautae (Alleiz.) Alleiz.
  • Dactylorhiza munbyana (Boiss. & Reut.) Holub
  • Dactylorhiza vestita (Lag. & Rodr.) Aver.
  • Orchis sesquipedalis Willd.
  • Dactylorchis sesquipedalis (Willd.) Verm.
  • Orchis lusitanica Steud.
  • Dactylorhiza brennensis (E.Nelson) D.Tyteca & Gathoye
  • Dactylorhiza occitanica Geniez, Melki, Pain & Soca
  • also a very long list of names at infraspecific levels

Dactylorhiza elata (robust marsh orchid) is a species of flowering plant in the family Orchidaceae, native to the western Mediterranean region (France (including Corsica), Sardinia, Spain, Portugal, Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia).[1][2][3][4][5]

Dactylorhiza elatais a tuberous herbaceous perennial growing to 50 cm (20 in), and producing dense 20 cm (8 in) spikes of purple flowers in spring.[6]

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[7]


Many names have been proposed for subspecies, varieties, subvarieties and forms of the species. As of June 2014, the following are recognized:[1]

  • Dactylorhiza elata subsp. elata - Spain, North Africa
  • Dactylorhiza elata subsp. sesquipedalis (Willd.) Soó - France, Spain, Portugal, Sardinia


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  3. ^ Baumann, B. & Baumann, H. (2005). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Orchideenflora Nordwestafrikas. Journal Europäischer Orchideen 37: 915-938.
  4. ^ Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España). Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.
  5. ^ Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  6. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Dactylorhiza elata". Retrieved 13 July 2013. 

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