Dadivank

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dadivank
Դադիվանք
Дадиванк.jpg
The monastery of Dadivank
Dadivank is located in Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Dadivank
Shown within Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Basic information
Location Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Shahumian Region, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (de facto);
Azerbaijan Kalbajar District, Azerbaijan (de jure)
Geographic coordinates 40°09′41″N 46°17′17″E / 40.161391°N 46.288013°E / 40.161391; 46.288013Coordinates: 40°09′41″N 46°17′17″E / 40.161391°N 46.288013°E / 40.161391; 46.288013
Affiliation Armenian Apostolic Church
Architectural description
Architect(s) yes
Architectural type Monastery, Church
Architectural style Armenian
Completed 9th–13th centuries

Dadivank (Armenian: Դադիվանք) also Khutavank (Armenian: ԽութավանքArm. Monastery on the Hill[1]) is an Armenian monastery in the Shahumian Region of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, de jure Kalbajar District in Azerbaijan. It was built between the 9th and 13th century.

History and architecture[edit]

The monastery was founded by St. Dadi, a disciple of Thaddeus the Apostle who spread Christianity in Eastern Armenia during the first century AD. However, The monastery was first mentioned in the 9th century. In June, 2007, the grave of St. Dadi was discovered under the holy altar of the main church.[2] The princes of Upper Khachen are also buried at Dadivank, under the church's gavit.[3]

The Monastery belongs to the Artsakh Diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church, and consists of the Cathedral church of St. Astvadzadzin, the chapel and a few other buildings. The main church has Armenian script engraved into its walls, in addition to several 13th century frescoes.[4] The bas-relief on the south facade of the cathedral at Dadivank, built in 1214, shows the princess offering the church in memory of her sons.[5] According to Paolo Cuneo, Dadivank is one of two Monasteries along with Gandzasar where bust motifs (possiblly the donors of the monasteries) can be found.[6]

On 8 October 2001, Document No 9256 on the maintenance of historical and cultural heritage in the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic was signed by 16 members of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe from Armenia, Cyprus, Italy, Romania, Greece and Russia In which they stated that one of Azerbaijan's policies in Nagorno-Karabakh was the destruction of Dadivank, which "the local Muslim population regarded as remnants of the Armenian Christian religion and ruined the monastery as it could".[7][8] In 1994 the monastery was reopened and the reconstruction process began in 2004 with funding from Armenian-American businesswoman Edele Hovnanian, ending in 2005. The restoration efforts restored the Cathedral, along with a chapel which was restored by Edik Abrahamian, an Armenian from Tehran, Iran.[9]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Books[edit]

  • (in French) Le Petit Futé Arménie – by Dominique Auzias, Jean-Paul Labourdette – 2009 – 330 pages
  • Armenologie in Deutschland, by Armenuhi Drost-Abgarjan, Hermann Goltz – 2005 – p. 59
  • (in Italian) Documenti di architettura armena, Alexandr L. Jakobson – 1986 – 73 p.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Жеан-Паул Лабурдетьте, Доминикуе Аузиас, Армения, Petit Futé, 2007 – p. 203
  2. ^ В старинном монастыре Нагорного Карабаха обнаружены мощи одного из учеников Иисуса Христа
  3. ^ Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan, by John Noble, Michael Kohn, Danielle Systermans, Lonely Planet, 2008 – 364 pages, p. 307
  4. ^ Lydia А. Durnovo, Essays on the Fine Arts of Medieval Armenia. Moscow. 1979.[In Russian]
  5. ^ Treasures from the ark: 1700 years of Armenian Christian art, by Vrej Nersessian, British Library, 2001 – 240 pages
  6. ^ Paolo Cuneo, Architettura Armena, Roma, 1988, pp. 450, 761, cited by. ALPAGHIAN: Raccolta di scritti in onore di Adriano Alpago Novello, Italy, 2005 [1]
  7. ^ Iskander Haji "Lel-Kala – A near and unavailable fortress, Vishka, No. 10, 16–23 March 2000
  8. ^ Parliamentary Assembly Documents 2002 Ordinary Session (First Part) , Volume I, Council of Europe, p. 35
  9. ^ RESTORATION IN DADIVANK

External links[edit]