Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu within India
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu within India
Coordinates: 20°25′N 72°50′E / 20.42°N 72.83°E / 20.42; 72.83Coordinates: 20°25′N 72°50′E / 20.42°N 72.83°E / 20.42; 72.83
Country India
Established26 January 2020[1]
CapitalDaman[2]
Government
 • BodyUnion Territory Administration of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
 • AdministratorPraful Khoda Patel[3]
 • Parliamentary constituencyLok Sabha (2)
 • High CourtBombay High Court
Area
 • Total603 km2 (233 sq mi)
Area rank33rd
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Highest elevation
425 m (1,394 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total585,764
 • Density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Marathi, Hindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-DH
Vehicle registrationDD-01,DD-02,DD-03[4]
No. of districts3
Websitehttps://daman.nic.in/

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu is a union territory in western India.[5][6] It was created through the merger of the former union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. Plans for the proposed merger were announced by the Government of India in July 2019 and the necessary legislation was passed in the Parliament of India in December 2019 and came into effect on 26 January 2020.[7][8] The territory is made up of four separate geographical entities Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman and the island of Diu. All four areas were part of Portuguese India with the capital in Velha Goa, they came under Indian administration in the mid-20th century.

History[edit]

Daman and Diu were under Portuguese administration from the 1500s until they were annexed by India on 19 December 1961. Dadra and Nagar Haveli were under Portuguese administration between 1818 until they were captured by pro-India forces in 1954 and were formally annexed to India on 11 August 1961. Portugal officially recognised Indian sovereignty over the areas in 1974 following the Carnation Revolution.[9]

Dadra and Nagar Haveli was administered as a de facto state, Free Dadra and Nagar Haveli, before becoming a union territory in 1961. Daman and Diu were administered as part of the union territory of Goa, Daman and Diu between 1962 and 1987, becoming a separate union territory when Goa was granted statehood.[9]

In July 2019, the Government of India proposed merging the two territories into a single union territory in order to reduce duplication of services and reduce the cost of administration. Legislation to this effect, the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (Merger of Union territories) Bill, 2019, was tabled in the Parliament of India on 26 November 2019 and assented to by the President of India on 9 December 2019.[6][7] The two union territories had previously shared a common administrator and government officials. The town of Daman was chosen to be the capital of the new combined union territory.[5] The appointed day for the act to come into effect was notified as 26 January 2020 by the Government of India.[1]

On 3 November 2019, Daman Collector Rakesh Minhas issued a Section 144 order banning peaceful assembly of four or more persons, slogan-shouting and the use of loudspeakers across the entire district and ordered the conversion of High School, Bhimpore and the Sarvottam High School, Moti Daman into 'temporary jails'.[10] This was in response to a land ownership dispute between the local indigenous fishing community and the local administration[11] that had confiscated their land and bulldozed their homes. The ensuing 2019 Daman Indigenous Land Clearing Protests resulted with the detention of 70 protesters in the 'temporary jails' and another 8 arrests. Few of the adivasi fisherfolk were rehoused whilst most languished traumatised and homeless on the streets near the rubble of their razed homes.[12]

Geography[edit]

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu is composed of four distinct areas located in Western India. Dadra is a small enclave within the state of Gujarat. Nagar Haveli is a C shaped enclave located between the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra which contains a counter enclave of Gujarat around the village of Maghval. Daman is an enclave on the coast of Gujarat and Diu is an island off the coast of Gujarat.

Administration[edit]

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu is administered as a union territory of India by virtue of Article 240 (2) of the Constitution of India. The President of India appoints an administrator to administer the territory on behalf of the central Government of India. The central government may appoint advisers to assist the administrator with his duties.

Districts[edit]

The union territory is made up of three districts:

No. District Area,
km2
Population,
(2011)
Density,
per/km2
1 Daman District 72 190,855 2,650.76
2 Diu District 40 52,056 1,301.40
3 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 491 342,853 698.27
Total 603 585,764 971.42

Law enforcement and justice[edit]

Law enforcement within the territory is the responsibility of the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Police. The territory falls under the jurisdiction of the Bombay High Court.

In the Parliament of India[edit]

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu sends two members (MPs) to the lower house of the Indian parliament the Lok Sabha. The territory is divided into the constituencies of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Data" (PDF). egazette.nic.in. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Daman to be Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu UTs capital". 23 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Tweet". Retrieved 9 June 2020 – via Twitter.[non-primary source needed]
  4. ^ "New vehicle registration mark DD for Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu". Deccan Herald. 23 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  5. ^ a b Dutta, Amrita Nayak (10 July 2019). "There will be one UT less as Modi govt plans to merge Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu". Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Data" (PDF). egazette.nic.in. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Govt plans to merge 2 UTs -- Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli".
  8. ^ "Data" (PDF). 164.100.47.4. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Indian states since 1947". World Statesmen. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  10. ^ The Wire, Staff (4 November 2019). "Daman: Section 144 Imposed, Two Government Schools Converted Into 'Temporary Jails'". The Wire. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  11. ^ Express, News Service (5 November 2019). "Demolition of houses: Section 144 in Daman after residents protest". Indian Express. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  12. ^ Uppal, Jas (6 January 2020). "Daman – Land and Property Owned by the Fishing Communities Confiscated and Homes Demolished". Justice Upheld. Retrieved 2 March 2021.

External links[edit]