Dae Inseon

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Dae Inseon
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Dae Inseon
McCune–Reischauer Tae Insŏn
Monarchs of Korea
Balhae
  1. Go 698–719
  2. Mu 719–737
  3. Mun 737–793
  4. Dae Won-ui 793
  5. Seong 793–794
  6. Gang 794–809
  7. Jeong 809–812
  8. Hui 812–817
  9. Gan 817–818
  10. Seon 818–830
  11. Dae Ijin 830–857
  12. Dae Geonhwang 857–871
  13. Dae Hyeonseok 871–894
  14. Dae Wihae 894–906
  15. Dae Inseon 906–926

Dae Inseon was king of Balhae, (r. 906–926) a kingdom in northeast Asia occupying parts of Manchuria, northern Korea, and the Russian Far East. Dae Inseon was also the last king of Balhae. He and his armies were pushed back and eventually defeated by the Khitan.

Last years of Balhae[edit]

This was a time of momentous change for Balhae and its neighbors. In the case of Silla, the nobility increasingly became independent and rebellions sprang up throughout the country. Meanwhile, in China, the Tang faced serious crises caused by the An Lushan Rebellion and many other uprisings. Finally, Zhu Wen established the Later Liang, marking the end of the Tang dynasty in 907.

Dae concentrated on increasing defense capabilities against the threat of new powers and was in favor of allying with the Goryeo Dynasty. However, the interference of the nobility did not allow that to happen. The Khitans' growing power in Manchuria was the most threatening to Balhae. Eventually, they invaded Balhae in 925 and the capital Sanggyeong (also known as Holhan fortress) fell after ten days. In 926, Balhae came to an end, while many of the nobility fled to Goryeo.

Aftermath[edit]

Balhae was fully taken over by the Khitan, who established the Dongdan Kingdom. The people of Balhae rose together to oppose their new Khitan rulers, and numerous revival movements occurred over a period of a hundred years. The first of these revival movements was Later Balhae, which was founded by the Balhae Royal Family.

References[edit]

Dae Inseon
 Died: 926
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Dae Wihae
King of Balhae
906–926
Unknown
as King of Later Balhae