Daemonorops

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Calamus draco, syn. Daemonorops draco

Daemonorops was a genus of rattan palms in the family Arecaceae.[1] Its species are now included within the genus Calamus.[2]

Species found primarily in the tropics and subtropics of southeastern Asia with a few species extending into southern China and the Himalayas.[3][4]

Daemonorops species are dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate individuals.[5]

Polysaccharides found in some Daemonorops species are known for their medicinal anticoagulant properties.[6]

Former species[edit]

  • Daemonorops acamptostachys Becc. – Sarawak
  • Daemonorops acehensis Rustiami – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops affinis Becc. – Mindanao
  • Daemonorops angustifolia (Griff.) Mart. – Thailand, Malaysia
  • Daemonorops aruensis Becc. – Aru Islands
  • Daemonorops asteracantha Becc. – Borneo
  • Daemonorops atra J.Dransf. – Borneo
  • Daemonorops aurea Renuka & Vijayak. – Andaman Islands
  • Daemonorops banggiensis J.Dransf. – Sabah
  • Daemonorops beguinii Burret – Maluku
  • Daemonorops binnendijkii Becc. – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops brachystachys Furtado – Sumatra, Malaysia
  • Daemonorops brevicaulis A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung – Vietnam
  • Daemonorops calapparia (Mart.) Blume – Maluku
  • Daemonorops calicarpa (Griff.) Mart. – Sumatra, Malaysia
  • Daemonorops clemensiana Becc. – Mindanao
  • Daemonorops collarifera Becc. – Sarawak
  • Daemonorops confusa Furtado – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops crinita Blume – Sumatra, Kalimantan
  • Daemonorops cristata Becc. – Sarawak
  • Daemonorops curranii Becc. – Palawan
  • Daemonorops depressiuscula (Miq. ex H.Wendl.) Becc . – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops didymophylla Becc. – Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra
  • Daemonorops draco (Willd.) Blume, dragon's blood palm[7] – Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra. Synonymous with Calamus draco Willd.
  • Daemonorops dracuncula Ridl. – Mentawai
  • Daemonorops dransfieldii Rustiami – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops elongata Blume – Borneo
  • Daemonorops fissa Blume – Borneo
  • Daemonorops fissilis (A.J.Hend., N.K.Ban & N.Q.Dung) A.J.Hend. – Vietnam
  • Daemonorops forbesii Becc. – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops formicaria Becc. – Borneo
  • Daemonorops geniculata (Griff.) Mart. – Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra
  • Daemonorops gracilipes (Miq.) Becc. – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops gracilis Becc. – Palawan
  • Daemonorops grandis (Griff.) Mart. – Thailand, Malaysia = Calamus grandis
  • Daemonorops hirsuta Blume – Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra
  • Daemonorops horrida Burret – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops ingens J.Dransf. – Borneo
  • Calamus jenkinsianus|Daemonorops jenkinsiana (Griff.) Mart. – Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Daemonorops korthalsii Blume – Borneo
  • Daemonorops kunstleri Becc. – Thailand, Malaysia
  • Daemonorops kurziana Hook.f. ex Becc. – Thailand, Malaysia, Andaman Islands
  • Daemonorops lamprolepis Becc. – Sulawesi
  • Daemonorops leptopus (Griff.) Mart. – Thailand, Malaysia
  • Daemonorops lewisiana (Griff.) Mart. – Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra
  • Daemonorops loheriana Becc. – Philippines
  • Daemonorops longipes (Griff.) Mart. – Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo
  • Daemonorops longispatha Becc. – Borneo
  • Daemonorops longispinosa Burret – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops longistipes Burret – Sabah, Sarawak
  • Daemonorops macrophylla Becc. – Thailand, Malaysia
  • Daemonorops macroptera (Miq.) Becc. – Sulawesi
  • Daemonorops maculata J.Dransf. – Sarawak
  • Daemonorops manii Becc. – Andaman Islands
  • Daemonorops megalocarpa Burret – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops melanochaetes Blume – Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Java
  • Daemonorops micracantha (Griff.) Becc. – Malaysia, Borneo
  • Daemonorops microcarpa Burret – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops microstachys Becc. – Borneo
  • Daemonorops mirabilis (Mart.) Mart. – Kalimantan
  • Daemonorops mogeana Rustiami – Sulawesi
  • Daemonorops mollis (Blanco) Merr. – Philippines
  • Daemonorops mollispina J.Dransf. – Vietnam
  • Daemonorops monticola (Griff.) Mart. – Thailand, Malaysia
  • Daemonorops nigra (Willd.) Blume – Maluku
  • Daemonorops nuichuaensis (A.J.Hend., N.K.Ban & N.Q.Dung) A.J.Hend. – Vietnam
  • Daemonorops oblata J.Dransf. – Borneo
  • Daemonorops oblonga (Reinw. ex Blume) Blume – Java
  • Daemonorops ochrolepis Becc. – Philippines
  • Daemonorops ocreata A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung – Vietnam
  • Daemonorops oligolepis Becc. – Mindanao
  • Daemonorops oligophylla Becc. – Perak
  • Daemonorops oxycarpa Becc. – Borneo
  • Daemonorops pachyrostris Becc. – Kalimantan
  • Daemonorops palembanica Blume – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops pannosa Becc. – Mindanao
  • Daemonorops pedicellaris Becc. – Leyte, Mindanao
  • Daemonorops periacantha Miq. – Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo
  • Daemonorops plagiocycla Burret – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops poilanei J.Dransf. – Vietnam
  • Daemonorops polita Fernando – Mindanao
  • Daemonorops pumila Van Valk. – Kalimantan
  • Daemonorops rarispinosa Renuka & Vijayak. – Andaman Islands
  • Daemonorops riedeliana (Miq.) Becc. – Sulawesi
  • Daemonorops robusta Warb. ex Becc. – Sulawesi, Maluku
  • Daemonorops rubra (Reinw. ex Mart.) Blume – Java
  • Daemonorops ruptilis Becc. – Borneo
  • Daemonorops sabut Becc. – Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Thailand
  • Daemonorops sarasinorum Warb. ex Becc. – Sulawesi
  • Daemonorops scapigera Becc. – Johor, Borneo, Natuna Islands, Sumatra
  • Daemonorops schlechteri Burret – Sulawesi
  • Daemonorops sekundurensis Rustiami & Zumaidar – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops sepal Becc. – Malaysia, Thailand
  • Daemonorops serpentina J.Dransf. – Sabah
  • Daemonorops siberutensis Rustiami – Siberut
  • Daemonorops singalana Becc. – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops sparsiflora Becc. – Borneo
  • Daemonorops spectabilis Becc. – Borneo
  • Daemonorops stenophylla Becc. – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops takanensis Rustiami – Sulawesi
  • Daemonorops treubiana Becc. – described 1911 from material collected in unknown location; probably extinct
  • Daemonorops trichroa Miq. – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops unijuga J.Dransf. – Sarawak
  • Daemonorops urdanetana Becc. – Mindanao
  • Daemonorops uschdraweitiana Burret – Sumatra
  • Daemonorops verticillaris (Griff.) Mart. – Malaysia, Thailand, Sumatra
  • Daemonorops wrightmyoensis Renuka & Vijayak. – Andaman Islands

References[edit]

  1. ^ POWO: Daemonorops Blume
  2. ^ Baker, William J.; Dransfield, John (2016). "Beyond Genera Palmarum: progress and prospects in palm systematics". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 182 (2): 207–233. doi:10.1111/boj.12401.
  3. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Flora of China, Vol. 23 Page 142, 黄藤属 huang teng shu, Daemonorops Blume in Schultes & J. H Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 1333. 1830
  5. ^ Rustiami, H.; Mogea, J. P.; Tjitrosoedirdjo, S. S. (2011). "Revision of the rattan genus Daemonorops (Palmae: Calamoideae) in Sulawesi using a phenetic analysis approach". Gardens' Bulletin Singapore. 63: 17–30.
  6. ^ Gibbs A; Green C; Doctor VM. (1983). "Isolation and anticoagulant properties of polysaccharides of Typha Augustata and Daemonorops species". Thromb. Res. 32 (2): 97–108. doi:10.1016/0049-3848(83)90021-X. PMID 6658717.
  7. ^ "Daemonorops draco". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 10 January 2018.