Daemonorops

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Daemonorops
Daemonorops draco - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-023.jpg
Dragon's blood palm Daemonorops draco
Daemonorops mollis (rattan palm) - Bukidnon Philippines.jpg
Daemonorops mollis from Bukidnon, Philippines
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Tribe: Calameae
Genus: Daemonorops
Blume ex Schult.f., 1830

Daemonorops is a genus of rattan palms in the family Arecaceae found primarily in the tropics and subtropics of southeastern Asia with a few species extending into southern China and the Himalayas.[1][2]

The stems of the Daemonorops are harvested for their cores, which are used for everything from canes to furniture. The fruits of certain species, in particular Daemonorops draco, produce a red resin known as "Dragon's blood".[3] The seeds of species such as Daemonorops margaritae (Chinese: 星月菩提) are harvested for the production of Buddhist prayer beads.

Polished Daemonorops seeds on a mala

Polysaccharides found in some Daemonorops species are known for their medicinal anticoagulant properties.[3]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Flora of China, Vol. 23 Page 142, 黄藤属 huang teng shu, Daemonorops Blume in Schultes & J. H Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 1333. 1830
  3. ^ a b Gibbs A; Green C; Doctor VM. (1983). "Isolation and anticoagulant properties of polysaccharides of Typha Augustata and Daemonorops species". Thromb. Res. 32 (2): 97–108. doi:10.1016/0049-3848(83)90021-X. PMID 6658717.
  4. ^ "Daemonorops draco". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 10 January 2018.