Daen Lao Range
|Daen Lao Range|
|ทิวเขาแดนลาว / Loi La|
Doi Nang Non, the "Mountain of the Sleeping Lady"
|Elevation||2,563 m (8,409 ft)|
|Length||355 km (221 mi) NE/SW|
|Width||50 km (31 mi) NW/SE|
|Countries||Burma and Thailand|
|Parent range||Shan Hills|
|Type of rock||granite and limestone|
The Daen Lao Range (Thai: ทิวเขาแดนลาว, pronounced [tʰīw kʰǎw dɛ̄ːn lāːw]; Burmese: Loi La) is a mountain range of the Shan Hills in eastern Burma and northern Thailand. Most of the range is located in Shan State, with its northern limit close to the border with China, and runs southwards across the Thai border, at the northern end of Thailand.
The range extends east of the Salween until almost reaching the Golden Triangle area, separating the Salween watershed from the Mekong watershed. At its southern end the Thanon Thong Chai Range (เทือกเขาถนนธงชัย) subrange stretches further southwards into Thailand between the Sai River in the east and the Pai River in the west; the latter separating the Daen Lao from the Thanon Thong Chai Range. Some geographers include the Thanon Thong Chai Range subrange as part of the Daen Lao Range. The Khun Tan Range also extends southwards from the Daen Lao Range, parallel to the Thanon Thong Chai mountains, but it differs geologically and structurally from the latter.
The name "Lao" in the range name is a Thai Yuan word possibly not related to the Lao country. The western end of the range is not clearly defined. Altitudes range between 400–2,500 m. The highest point is 2,563 m Loi Pangnao in Burma, with a prominence of 1,596 m, one of the ultra prominent peaks of Southeast Asia. On the Thai side the highest point is 2,285 m Doi Pha Hom Pok. Doi Chiang Dao (2,175 m), Doi Puk Phakka (1,794 m), Doi Nang Non, a karstic formation in Chiang Rai Province, Doi Tung, Doi Ang Khang and Doi Wao, where Wat Doi Wao is located, as well as the mountains surrounding the village of Santikhiri (Doi Mae Salong) are also part of this range.
In 1605 King Naresuan of Ayutthaya marched his armies across the Daen Lao Range to rescue the Shan King of Hsenwi, but he died during his journey across the mountains. Many Shan people believe King Naresuan was cremated in the Daen Lao Range, in the southern part of the Shan State, and his ashes interred in a stupa in Mongton.
Until the 1990s one of the main crops at altitudes above 1,000 m was opium. On the side of the range controlled by the Thai government, construction of roads reaching remote areas and increasingly efficient policing ensured a measure of success of the opium replacement programs in recent years.
Owing to the unrest in Burma, the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA) and other groups seek a refuge and a base for their insurgency in these lonely mountains. Fighting and the ensuing persecution by the Tatmadaw have caused part of the original population to flee. Some refugee camps have been established for cross-border refugees in the Thai side of the range. Some Kayah and Karen communities, like the "long-necked Karen", are regularly visited by organized tourist groups.
The Ang Khang Royal Agricultural Station is located amidst the mountains of the range. It was founded in 1969 by the King of Thailand and is noted by its temperate climate that allows the cultivation of flowers and fruits characteristic of colder climates.
- Lam Nam Kok National Park
- Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
- Huai Nam Dang National Park
- Pha Daeng National Park
- Tham Pla–Namtok Pha Suea National Park
- Doi Nang Non, the "Sleeping Lady"
- Western Forest Complex
- Thai highlands
- List of Ultras of Southeast Asia
- Northern Thailand
- Geology of Thailand - Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Bangkok
- Geography of Thailand
- The Physical Geography of Southeast Asia, Avijit Gupta, Oxford University Press, 2005. ISBN 978-0-19-924802-5
- Fang Valley
- Loi Pangnao (mountain) - Region: Shan State, Myanmar
- Doi Ang Khang Mountain - Royal Ang Khang Research Station
- Tourism Chiang Rai
- King Naresuan The Great of Ayutthaya
- The Nation, Warrior king remains a very modern mystery, 30 Apr 2006
- Opium Reduction and Highland Development: Thailand Case Study
- Mongla base shelled by Burma Army artillery
- The Politics of Ethnic Tourism in Northern Thailand
- Royal Agricultural Station Angkhang
- Myanmar: Erdbeben der Stärke 5 – über 70 Tote
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Daen Lao Range.|
- Google Books, The Physical Geography of Southeast Asia
- Getting to Know Chiang Rai
- Introducing Doi Ang Khang
- Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
- Mae Fang National Park
- Peakbagger - Shan-Western Thailand
- Doi Fa Hom Pok National Park in Thailand
- The Daen Lao Range in Thailand
- Tham Pla – Pha Suea National Park