Dafali

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Dafali(Hashmi/Masoodi) are a Muslim community found all over the India with majority in the state Uttar Pradesh. They are also known as Hashmi, Masoodi, Shaikh or Darveshi. The Dafali have been granted Other Backward Class status.[1]

Origin[edit]

The community have acquired their name from the Hindi and Urdu word daf which means a tambourine, which they used to play during wars and marriages in earlier times. They are one of the very few Muslim communities which are Muslim since the origin, i.e they are not converted. They played the daf instrument at various Sufi shrines in North India. The community traces its descent from Roshan Darvesh, a disciple of Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masood, and to Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masood popularly known as Ghazi Mian, the famous Sufi saint of Bahraich, and nephew of Mahmood Ghaznavi whom the community pay special reverence, this is the reason why they use sirnname as "Masoodi". The Dafali are found throughout the country primarily in Uttar Pradesh, with special concentrations in Saharanpur and Bareilly districts in the west, where the community speak Khari boli, while in Awadh, they are found mainly in the districts of Bahraich, Balrampur, Gonda, Shravasti and Sitapur, Basti District, Balrampur, Gonda, Shravasti and Sitapur, Sidharth Nagar District/Sidharthnagar where the community speak Awadhi.[2] Dafali have also many name just like Masoodi and Hashmi.

Present circumstances[edit]

There traditional occupation was playing the daf at weddings as well as at various Sufi shrines. Like other Muslim artisan groups, they have seen a decline in their traditional occupation. Many are now engaged in the repair and manufacture of the dholak, an Indian musical instrument. A larger number are now involved in the manufacture of bidis, the traditional Indian cigarette. They are one of the most marginalized Muslim community in India, with almost all living below the poverty line.[3]

The community live in multi caste and multi religious settlements, but occupy their own distinct quarters. Each settlement has a caste council, known as a panchayat, which acts as an instrument of social control, and is headed by a chaudhary. The chaudhary is elected by the community elders, for a fixed term, and the panchayat deals with intra community disputes, as well as punishing those who breach communal norms. Like other Muslim artisan castes in the state, Dafali also have set up a formal caste association known as Hashmi/Masoodi Welfare and Educational Society head by Mr. Moinuddin Hashmi of Lucknow. However, like other Muslim artisan groups, they are strictly endogamous, preferring to marrying close kin. The community are Sunni Muslims, and have practices similar to other Uttar Pradesh Muslims.[4] Many people are writing Hashmi, Masoodi in Uttar Pradesh,Bihar & Maharashtra.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Two edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 398 to 402 Manohar Publications
  2. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Two edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 398 to 402 Manohar Publications
  3. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Two edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 398 to 402 Manohar Publications
  4. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Two edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 398 to 402 Manohar Publications