Township of Yangon
|• Total||4.7 km2 (1.8 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,300/km2 (14,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC6:30 (MST)|
|Area code(s)||1 (mobile: 80, 99)|
Dagon Township (Burmese: ဒဂုံ မြို့နယ် [dəɡòʊɴ mjo̰nɛ̀]) is located immediately north of downtown Yangon. The township comprises five wards, and shares borders with Bahan Township in the north, Ahlon Township in the west, Mingala Taungnyunt Township in the east, and Lanmadaw Township, Latha Township and Pabedan Township in the south.
Dagon is home to some of the most prominent places of the city, including the great Shwedagon Pagoda, the Maha Wizaya Pagoda, the National Museum, the National Theatre and the Yangon Region Hluttaw (Parliament). This prosperous neighborhood has many hotels, embassies and diplomatic residences. The township's Dagon 1 High School and Dagon 2 High School are considered among the top public high schools in the country.
On 6 February 2011, the Taw Win Centre, a major shopping and residential complex, was opened in the township. Construction on the 25-story complex began in 2004, but was stopped during the country's banking crisis, before resuming in March 2008. The country's first 3D movie theater opened at the Taw Win Centre on 1 March 2012. In June 2011, the Sitagu Sayadaw opened the Yangon campus of the Sitagu International Buddhist Academy in Dagon Township.
Dagon (Mon: လဂုင် [ləɡòʊɴ]) was a small fishing village founded by the Mon in the 6th century, CE, around the Shwedagon Pagoda. Throughout much of the history, the village was just in the periphery of Thanlyin (Syriam), the commercial city located across the Yangon river. Still, because of the pagoda, Dagon's cultural significance was far greater than its size. In 1755, King Alaungpaya captured the village, renamed it Yangon (most commonly translated as "End of Strife"), and founded a larger city by adding settlements such as Ahlon, Pabedan, Kyauktada, and Botataung.
During the British colonial period, Dagon was mostly a prosperous neighborhood, though the areas closer to downtown were full of squatters. Dagon boasted both the Methodist English High School, one of the top English-language medium schools and the nationalist Burmese language medium high school, Myoma High School.
In the 1950s, the Burmese government cleared the squatters in the southern part of the township, and built the Minmanaing Housing Project for senior civil servants. Dagon gained another prominent pagoda in the 1980s, when Gen. Ne Win commissioned the Maha Wizaya Pagoda. Dagon Town was designated a township in 1971.
|Source: , |
The 2014 Myanmar Census reported that Dagon Township had a population of 25,082. The population density was 5,370.8 people per km². The census reported that the median age was 30.4 years, and a sex ratio of 90 males per 100 females. There were 4,608 households; the mean household size was 4.4.
The following landmarks in Dagon township are protected by the city.
|BEHS 1 Dagon||School||57 Alanpyapaya Road||Former Methodist English High School|
|BEHS 2 Dagon||School||353 Myoma Kyaung Lane||Former Myoma High School|
|Department of Public Health Laboratory||Health clinic||35 Mawgundaik Lane|
|Diplomatic Residence Compound||Housing||82 Pyidaungzu Yeiktha Avenue (Corner of Pyay Road)|
|Eindawya Pagoda||Pagoda||Myoma Kyaung Lane|
|India House||Office||35 Diplomat Avenue|
|Kyargu Monastery||Monastery||49 Shwedagon Pagoda Road|
|Maha Wizaya Pagoda||Pagoda||Shwedagon Pagoda Road|
|Methodist English Church||Church||65 Alanpyapaya Road|
|Ministry of Foreign Affairs||Office||37 Diplomat Avenue|
|National Archives Department||Office||114 Pyidaungzu Yeiktha Avenue|
|St. Gabriel’s Church||Church||64 Shwedagon Pagoda Road|
|St. John’s Catholic Church||Church||25 Mawgundaik Lane (Corner of Shwedagon Pagoda Road)|
|Sein Yaungchi Pagoda||Pagoda||Shwedagon Pagoda Road|
|Shwedagon Pagoda||Pagoda||Shwedagon Pagoda Road|
|Yahanda Ordination Hall||Temple||Shwedagon Pagoda Road|
|Zafar Shah Darga||Shrine||6 Ziwaka Lane|
- "Dagon Township". Yangon City Development Committee. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 2009-03-11.
- San Oo (16 May 2011). "Meet the press: hints of change as Yangon govt calls weekly conference". The Myanmar Times. Archived from the original on 8 March 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Kyaw Hsu Mon (21 March 2011). "South Korean alleged to have absconded with $50,000". Myanmar Times. Archived from the original on 16 September 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Work to resume on Taw Win Complex". Myanmar Times. 25 February 2008. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Zon Pann Pwint (5 March 2012). "New 3D Cineplex opens in Yangon". Myanmar Times. 31 (617). Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Thein, Cherry (20 June 2011). "Sitagu opens Yangon academy". Myanmar Times. Archived from the original on 21 June 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "ဒဂုံမြို့နယ်ဒေသဆိုင်ရာအချက်အလက်များ" (PDF). General Administration Department. 2017.
- Rangoon Division 1983 Population Census (PDF). Rangoon: Immigration and Manpower Department. 1987.
- ၁၉၇၃ ခုနှစ်၊ လူဦးရေသန်းခေါင်စာရင်း (ရန်ကုန်တိုင်း) (PDF) (in Burmese). ပြည်ထဲရေးနှင့်သာသနာရေးဝန်ကြီးဌာန.
- "Dagon Township Report" (PDF). 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census. October 2017.
- "Special Reports: Heritage List". Myanmar Times. 2001-10-29. Archived from the original on 15 June 2009.