Daguangba Dam

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Daguangba Dam
Daguangba Dam is located in China
Daguangba Dam
Location of Daguangba Dam
Official name 广坝农场
Country China
Location Dongfang
Coordinates 19°01′10″N 108°58′46″E / 19.01944°N 108.97944°E / 19.01944; 108.97944Coordinates: 19°01′10″N 108°58′46″E / 19.01944°N 108.97944°E / 19.01944; 108.97944
Status Operational
Construction began 1990
Opening date 1995
Construction cost US$197.5 million
Owner(s) Hainan Provincial Electric Power Company (HEPCO)
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Concrete gravity/Embankment
Impounds Changhua River
Height Concrete section: 57 m (187 ft)
Embankment:44 m (144 ft)
Length Concrete section: 719 m (2,359 ft)
Embankment:5,123 m (16,808 ft)
Total:5,842 m (19,167 ft)
Elevation at crest Concrete section: 144 m (472 ft)
Embankment:145 m (476 ft)
Dam volume Concrete section: 860,000 m3 (1,124,838 cu yd)
Embankment: 7,800,000 m3 (10,202,015 cu yd)
Spillway type Controlled, 16 radial gates
Spillway capacity 35,564 m3/s (1,255,931 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Total capacity 1,710,000,000 m3 (1,386,320 acre·ft)
Active capacity 1,315,000,000 m3 (1,066,088 acre·ft)
Catchment area 3,498 km2 (1,351 sq mi)
Normal elevation 140 m (459 ft)
Power station
Commission date 1993–1995
Turbines 4 x 60 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity 240 MW

The Daguangba Dam is a multi-purpose dam on the Changhua River in Hainan Province, China. It is located 35 km (22 mi) east of Dongfang. As the primary component of the Daguangba Multipurpose Project, the dam was constructed between 1990 and 1995. It serves to provide water for both hydroelectric power generation and agriculture. It supports a 240 MW power station and supplies water for the irrigation of 12,700 ha (31,382 acres). It is also the largest dam and hydroelectric power station in Hainan.

Background[edit]

Preliminary construction (roads, bridges, river diversion) on the project began in March 1990. On 29 December 1993, the first generator was commissioned, with the second and third in 1994. On 29 March 1995, the fourth and last generator was commissioned. In June 1995, the concrete portion of the dam was poured to its design height. In December of that year, the entire power station was placed into commercial operation. In November 1996, the reservoir was full. The project also includes the 16 km (10 mi) long Head Main Canal which connects to a designed network of 154 km (96 mi) of branch and lateral canals. Approximately 23,800 people were relocated because of either the reservoir or irrigation works. Of the project's US$197.5 million cost, US$67 million was funded by the World Bank.[1]

Design[edit]

Daguangba Dam is located in Hainan
Daguangba Dam
Daguangba Dam
Location within Hainan

The Daguangba Dam consists of a concrete gravity section flanked by two homogeneous earth-fill embankment dam sections. The gravity dam lies over the river and is 57 m (187 ft) high with a length of 719 m (2,359 ft). The embankments have a maximum height of 44 m (144 ft) and combined length of 5,123 m (16,808 ft). The total length of the entire dam is 5,842 m (19,167 ft), making it one of the longest in China. The volume of concrete (including roller-compacted concrete) in the gravity dam is 860,000 m3 (1,124,838 cu yd) while the embankments have a fill of 7,800,000 m3 (10,202,015 cu yd). It is the largest dam in Hainan Province.[2] The reservoir withheld by the dam has a storage volume of 1,710,000,000 m3 (1,386,320 acre·ft). Of that volume, 1,315,000,000 m3 (1,066,088 acre·ft) is active (or "useful") volume. The spillway is located on the gravity section and is controlled by 16 radial gates. Its maximum discharge is 35,564 m3/s (1,255,931 cu ft/s). The dam's power station is located on the right side of the gravity section and contains four 60 MW Francis turbine-generators for a total installed capacity of 240 MW. It is the largest hydroelectric power station in Hainan.[3][4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "China: Daguangba Multipurpose Project" (PDF). Implementation Completion Report. World Bank. 23 September 1999. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Roller compacted concrete dams : proceedings of the IV International Symposium on Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) Dams, 17–19 November 2003, Madrid, Spain. Rotterdam [u.a.]: Balkema. 2003. p. 387. ISBN 90-5809-564-9.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  3. ^ "Daguangba Hydropower Station". China Gezhouba (Group) Corporation. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  4. ^ "Hydroelectric Power Plants in China – other provinces". Indust Cards. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Daguangba Hydropower Station". China Water. Retrieved 7 January 2012.