Dagupan

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Dagupan
Independent Component City
City of Dagupan
Welcome arch
Welcome arch
Official seal of Dagupan
Seal
Nickname(s): Milk Fish Capital of the Philippines; The "Melting Pot" of Pangasinan and Region 1; Premier City of the North
Location in Pangasinan
Location in Pangasinan
Dagupan is located in Philippines
Dagupan
Dagupan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°02′N 120°20′E / 16.03°N 120.33°E / 16.03; 120.33Coordinates: 16°02′N 120°20′E / 16.03°N 120.33°E / 16.03; 120.33
Country Philippines
Region Ilocos (Region I)
Province Pangasinan (geographically only)
District 4th district of Pangasinan
Founded 1590
Cityhood June 20, 1947
Barangays 31
Government[1]
 • Mayor Belen T. Fernandez
 • Vice Mayor Brian Lim
 • Electorate 105,183 voters (2016 election)
Area[2]
 • Total 44.47 km2 (17.17 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 171,271
 • Density 3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Dagupeño (masculine)/Dagupeña (feminine)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2400
PSGC 015518000
IDD:area code +63 (0)75
Income class[4] 1st City Income Class
Revenue ₱ 706,794,558.88 (2016)[5]
Poverty incidence 5.96 (2012)[6]
Website dagupan.gov.ph

Dagupan, officially the City of Dagupan (Pangasinan: Siyudad na Dagupan; Filipino: Lungsod ng Dagupan) or simply Dagupan City, is an independent component city in the province of Pangasinan in the Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 171,271 people[3] with an income classification of first class.[7]

Located on the Lingayen Gulf on the island of Luzon, Dagupan is a major commercial and financial center north of Manila. Also, the city is one of the centers of modern medical services, media and communication in Northern Luzon. Dagupan is situated within the fertile Agno River Valley.

The city is among the top producers of milkfish (locally known as bangus) in the province. From 2001-2003, Dagupan's milkfish production totaled to 35,560.1 metric tons (MT), contributing 16.8 percent to the total provincial production. Of its total production in the past three years, 78.5 percent grew in fish pens/cages while the rest grew in brackish water fishpond.[8]

Etymology[edit]

The city's name was derived from the local Pangasinan word pandaragupan, meaning "gathering place" as the city has been a regional market center for centuries.

History[edit]

Kaboloan[edit]

During the 15th century, Pangasinan had been the site of an ancient polity called the Kaboloan. A succession of local kings starting from Huang Kamayin set the kingdom up as a trade-center exporting silver, horses and Torquise shells to the ports in Japan, Ryukyu and China which in turn, sold silks and samurai swords to the Kaboloan.[9]

Spanish occupation[edit]

The area that is now known as Dagupan was described as marshland thickly covered with mangrove and nipa palm trees.[10] The natives lived along the shoreline and riverbanks of Calmay, Pantal, and Bonuan. But there were also communities in Malued, Lasip, Pogo, and Bacayao. The natives called the area Bacnotan which would later be incorporated into the encomienda of Lingayen that was established in 1583.[citation needed]

The first long distance railroad in the Philippines connecting Manila and Dagupan was opened on November 24, 1892.

Japanese Occupation[edit]

The Japanese planes bombed in Dagupan on December 1941 and through the occupying the Japanese forces on 1942.[11]

Allied liberation[edit]

On January 8–January 9, 1945, U.S. General Douglas MacArthur landed his amphibious liberation force in the city's "Blue Beach" section along the Lingayen Gulf. From his beachhead in Dagupan, along with those in neighboring towns Lingayen, Binmaley and San Fabian, MacArthur's forces under General Walter Krueger together with the Philippine Commonwealth troops under the Philippine Army and Philippine Constabulary units were able to penetrate Japanese defenses in Luzon island and liberate Filipino and allied prisoners of war near Cabanatuan in the province of Nueva Ecija, and in Manila's University of Sto. Tomas, among others.

Dagupan's cityhood[edit]

Perez Boulevard

Dagupan became a city by virtue of Republic Act No. 170, authored by Speaker Eugenio Pérez. It was signed into law by President Manuel Roxas on June 20, 1947.[12]

The westward expansion of the city went as far as Lucao, which was also swampland. Local historian Restituto Basa surmised that the name Lucao may have been derived from the shellfish called lukan that used to abound in the swampy area.[citation needed]

In June 1962, Dagupan was shaken by a series of strong earthquakes which occurred at irregular intervals for about three weeks. The quakes toppled the belfry of the Roman Catholic Church. Many people from Calmay, Carael and island barrios evacuated to other towns.[citation needed]

In 1968, the national government agencies opened offices in Dagupan and other key cities across the country. The daytime population increased substantially, causing congestion in the city that began to see the appearance of public utility tricycles.[citation needed]

On July 16, 1990, a magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck northern Luzon, causing liquefaction, which made buildings tilt and sink due to their heavy weight and the looseness of the ground, which turned into sediment-rich mud. One of the two bridges, especially Magsaysay Bridge spanning the Pantal River, collapsed, delaying people from crossing to the other banks and vice versa. Major damage caused businesses to be permanently transferred to the neighbouring towns of Mangaldan and Calasiao, but somehow, Dagupan and its inhabitants managed to recover from the earthquake.[13]

Geography[edit]

Dagupan City covers a total land area of 4,447.10 hectares (10,989.0 acres),[1] bounded by the Lingayen Gulf in the north, San Fabian in the northeast, Mangaldan in the east, Calasiao in the south and Binmaley in the west. Land use is primarily for agriculture with 35.98% of the total land area, fishpond, cropland, residential with 22.88%; others uses are commercial, industrial, institutional, government private, parks and roads.

Panoramic view of Dagupan river

Barangays[edit]

Dagupan City is politically subdivided into 31 barangays.[14]

Barangay Population
(2010)[15]
Population
(2007)[16]
Change
Bacayao Norte 3,283 2,176 +50.87%
Bacayao Sur 2,632 2,011 +30.88%
Barangay I (T. Bugallon) 673 741 −9.18%
Barangay II (Nueva) 2,824 2,158 +30.86%
Barangay IV (Zamora) 841 985 −14.62%
Bolosan 3,862 3,187 +21.18%
Bonuan Binloc 8,246 7,507 +9.84%
Bonuan Boquig 13,686 10,852 +26.12%
Bonuan Gueset 22,042 20,335 +8.39%
Calmay 6,706 5,386 +24.51%
Carael 4,732 4,368 +8.33%
Caranglaan 6,459 7,848 −17.70%
Herrero 2,428 2,241 +8.34%
Lasip Chico 1,370 774 +77.00%
Lasip Grande 2,622 2,705 −3.07%
Lomboy 1,367 1,304 +4.83%
Lucao 9,748 7,974 +22.25%
Malued 9,406 9,798 −4.00%
Mamalingling 1,456 1,280 +13.75%
Mangin 3,700 3,611 +2.46%
Mayombo 7,937 6,566 +20.88%
Pantal 17,174 16,835 +2.01%
Poblacion Oeste 4,523 4,231 +6.90%
Pogo Chico 4,603 4,852 −5.13%
Pogo Grande 2,112 2,243 −5.84%
Pugaro Suit 4,757 4,063 +17.08%
Salapingao 2,890 2,466 +17.19%
Salisay 2,134 2,191 −2.60%
Tambac 2,328 2,064 +12.79%
Tapuac 4,391 4,166 +5.40%
Tebeng 2,744 2,636 +4.10%

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Dagupan City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37
(99)
37
(99)
38
(100)
39
(102)
42
(108)
38
(100)
38
(100)
38
(100)
40
(104)
42
(108)
34
(93)
37
(99)
42
(108)
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(87.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27.5
(81.4)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
22
(72)
24.1
(75.4)
Record low °C (°F) 13
(55)
18
(64)
18
(64)
17
(63)
18
(64)
16
(61)
22
(72)
17
(63)
10
(50)
20
(68)
11
(52)
16
(61)
10
(50)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.3
(0.169)
19.1
(0.752)
27.3
(1.075)
45.2
(1.78)
153.3
(6.035)
271.3
(10.681)
411.1
(16.185)
532.0
(20.945)
364.4
(14.346)
182.5
(7.185)
56.3
(2.217)
24.4
(0.961)
2,091.2
(82.331)
Average rainy days 3 2 3 5 14 17 22 23 21 13 7 4 134
Average relative humidity (%) 85 84 84 84 88 91 92 94 93 92 89 86 88.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 11.7 12 12.4 12.9 13.3 13.5 13.4 13.0 12.6 12.1 11.8 11.6 12.52
Source #1: World Weather Online[17]
Source #2: Weatherbase[18]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Dagupan City
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 20,357 —    
1918 22,441 +0.65%
1939 32,602 +1.79%
1948 43,838 +3.35%
1960 63,191 +3.09%
1970 83,582 +2.83%
1975 90,092 +1.52%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 98,344 +1.77%
1990 122,247 +2.20%
1995 126,214 +0.60%
2000 130,328 +0.69%
2007 149,554 +1.92%
2010 163,676 +3.34%
2015 171,271 +0.87%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][19][20][21]

The Pangasinenses are the predominant people in Dagupan. Pangasinan is the predominant language used in the city.

  • Number of Registered Voters (2016): 105,183[14]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Dagupan is connected with other cities by networks of national roads. Romulo Highway and Pangasinan - La Union Road (N55) and Urdaneta - Dagupan Road (N56) are the principal highways that serve the city.

The Philippine National Railways (PNR) once serves Dagupan through Dagupan station, that went defunct in the late 1980s. The first railroad in the Philippines, the Manila-Dagupan Railway, terminated at the city.

Intercity/interprovincial buses from Manila serve the city, and are usually operated by Dagupan Bus Company, Victory Liner, Five Star, and Pangasinan Solid North. Jeepneys provide

Economy[edit]

Dagupan is the economic center of Pangasinan.[citation needed] As a hub, many people in Pangasinan commute to the city during the day. This causes the city's daytime population to rise and cause traffic to areas in the city especially the Downtown Area. The city is a vital financial center housing numerous banks, non-bank financial institutions and offices of some of the government agencies.

Another part of Dagupan's economy is the motor vehicle industry.[citation needed] Many automotive companies have a dealership in the city's metropolitan area. Existing car dealerships include Ford, Hyundai, Chevrolet, Mazda, and Izuzu all found in Dagupan while Toyota, Honda, Mitsubishi, Nissan and many more are found at the neighbouring town of Calasiao.

Education[edit]

Since the Spanish time, Dagupan has always been the center of education in Ilocos Region (Region 1). The private sector-driven centers of education University of Pangasinan, University of Luzon and Lyceum-Northwestern University lead, 14 colleges and 18 vocational schools and 3 technical learning centers, 19 secondary schools and 53 elementary schools both in public and private.

Health[edit]

Medical and health service centers abound in Dagupan. Out of 51 hospitals in Pangasinan, 12 are located in the city. The largest of these is the Region 1 Medical Center with hospital bed capacity of 600.

Media[edit]

Dagupan City is home to regional television stations of GMA Network, CNN Philippines, TV5 and ABS-CBN, sixteen radio broadcasting stations, at least seventeen local newspapers and three cable television companies. There are two news programs TV Patrol North Central Luzon (ABS-CBN TV-32 Dagupan) and Balitang Amianan (GMA Dagupan).

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Archived from the original on 9 March 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  2. ^ https://www.dagupan.gov.ph
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ http://pangasinan.gov.ph/the-province/cities-and-municipalities/dagupan-city/
  5. ^ "Pangasinan : Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index". Makati City, Philippines: National Competitiveness Council (Philippines). Archived from the original on 28 January 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "PSA Releases the 2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 January 2017. [dead link]
  7. ^ http://pangasinan.gov.ph/the-province/cities-and-municipalities/dagupan-city/
  8. ^ "Dagupan City: The Home of the World’s Longest Barbecue". National Statistical Coordination Board Profile. Retrieved on 2012-05-30.
  9. ^ William Henry Scott (1983). "The fact that Chief Kamayin's name is transliterated by the Chinese characters for "excellent," "horse," and' "silver" led Berthold Laufer in his 1907 "The relations of the Chinese to the Philippines" to list horses and silver among the Pangasinan gifts (Historical Bulletin 1967 reprint, Vol. 11, p. 10); this error was carelessly copied by Wu Ching-hong in his 1962 "The rise and decline of Chuanchou's international trade" (Proceedings of the Second Conference of the International Association of Historians of Asia, p. 477), whence it passed into more than one Philippine text, but was not repeated by Wu himself in his later works.Laufer also refers to a Philippine embassy led by a "high official called Ko-ch'a-lao" whom no other scholar has been able to locate and whom Beyer identifies as a "Chinese governor appointed for the island of Luzon" (op. cit., loc. cit.)." (PDF). Guttenburg Free Online E-books. 1: 8. 
  10. ^ "Dagupan City in Pangasinan Luzon PhilippinesPhilippines". www.philippine-islands.ph. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-11-27. 
  11. ^ "Reporter Predicted Japanese Attack - Pearl Harbor - Hector C. Bywater". www.lindseywilliams.org. Retrieved 2015-11-27. 
  12. ^ "Republic Act No. 170 - An Act Creating the City of Dagupan". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  13. ^ Gabriel Cardinoza (July 24, 2012). "Dagupan Rises From 1990 Nightmare". The Philippine Daily Inquirer. 
  14. ^ a b "Municipality/City: Dagupan City". PSGC Interactive. Retrieved on 2012-05-29.
  15. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  16. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of August 1, 2007: Pangasinan". National Statistics Office. National Statistics Office. April 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 November 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "Dagupan, Philippines: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  18. ^ "Dagupan, Philippines Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  19. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  20. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  21. ^ "Province of Pangasinan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  22. ^ "Sister Cities, Public Relations". Guadalajara municipal government. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  23. ^ "30th year of Dagupan-Iwata sisterhood pact celebrated". Sunday Punch Line. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  24. ^ "Dagupan, Milpitas renew sisterhood pact – Sunday Punch". punch.dagupan.com. Retrieved 2016-07-04. 
  25. ^ www.taoti.com, Taoti Creative, Washington DC / May 2012 /. "Interactive City Directory". www.sister-cities.org. Retrieved 2016-07-04. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Basa, Restituto (1972). Story of Dagupan. Manaois Press.

External links[edit]