Dagupan

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Dagupan City
Independent Component City
City of Dagupan
Welcome arch
Welcome arch
Official seal of Dagupan City
Seal
Nickname(s): Milk Fish Capital of the Philippines; The "Melting Pot" of Pangasinan
Location in Pangasinan
Location in Pangasinan
Dagupan is located in Philippines
Dagupan
Dagupan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°02′N 120°20′E / 16.03°N 120.33°E / 16.03; 120.33Coordinates: 16°02′N 120°20′E / 16.03°N 120.33°E / 16.03; 120.33
Country Philippines
Region Ilocos (Region I)
Province Pangasinan (geographically only)
District 4th district of Pangasinan
Founded 1590
Cityhood June 20, 1947
Barangays 31
Government[1]
 • Mayor Belen T. Fernandez
Area[2]
 • Total 37.23 km2 (14.37 sq mi)
Population (2015)[3]
 • Total 171,271
 • Density 4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Dagupeño (masculine)/Dagupeña (feminine)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2400
Dialing code 75
Income class 2nd class[4][5]
Website dagupan.gov.ph

Dagupan, officially the City of Dagupan (Pangasinan: Siyudad na Dagupan; Ilocano: Ciudad ti Dagupan; Filipino: Lungsod ng Dagupan) or simply Dagupan City, is an independent component city in the province of Pangasinan in the Philippines. According to the census of 2015, Dagupan City has a population of 171,271 people with an income classification of second class.[4][5]

Located on the Lingayen Gulf on the island of Luzon, Dagupan is a major commercial and financial center north of Manila. Also, the city is one of the centers of modern medical services, media and communication in Northern Luzon. Dagupan is situated within the fertile Agno River Valley.

The city is among the top producers of bangus/milkfish in the province. From 2001-2003, Dagupan's milkfish production totaled to 35,560.1 metric tons (MT), contributing 16.8 percent to the total provincial production. Of its total production in the past three years, 78.5 percent grew in fish pens/cages while the rest grew in brackish water fishpond.[6]

Etymology[edit]

The city's name was derived from the local Pangasinense word pandaragupan, meaning "gathering place" as the city has been a regional market center for centuries.

History[edit]

Huangdom of Pangasinan[edit]

During the 15th century, Pangasinan had been the site of an ancient kingdom called the Huangdom of Pangasinan (Known as Feng-chia-hsi-lan in Chinese records). A succession of local kings starting from Huang Kamayin set the kingdom up as a trade-center exporting silver, horses and Torquise shells to the ports in Japan, Ryukyu and China which in turn, sold silks and samurai swords to the Kingdom of Pangasinan.[7]

Spanish occupation[edit]

The area that is now known as Dagupan was described as marshland thickly covered with mangrove and nipa palm trees.[8] The natives lived along the shoreline and riverbanks of Calmay, Pantal, and Bonuan. But there were also communities in Malued, Lasip, Pogo, and Bacayao. The natives called the area Bacnotan which would later be incorporated into the encomienda of Lingayen that was established in 1583.[citation needed]

Japanese Occupation[edit]

The Japanese planes bombed in Dagupan on December 1941 and through the occupying the Japanese forces on 1942. [9]The established of the military garrisons of the Imperial Japanese armed forces stationed in Dagupan. The general headquarters of the Philippine Commonwealth Army from January 03, 1942 to June 30, 1946 and Philippine Constabulary under the 2nd Infantry Regiment from October 24, 1944 to June 30, 1946 was active and stationed in Dagupan[citation needed] during the Japanese Occupation. Pangasinese freedom resistance was invaded on Dagupan from 1942 to 1945 and supporting local soldiers under the Philippine Commonwealth Army units and attacking Japanese and aftermath the three year conflicts by the guerrillas were retreating Japanese troops. Before the liberating American troops under the US Sixth Army was landed and invading Japanese troops at Lingayen Gulf on January 9, 1945.[citation needed]

Allied liberation[edit]

On January 8–January 9, 1945, U.S. General Douglas MacArthur landed his amphibious liberation force in the city's "Blue Beach" section along the Lingayen Gulf. From his beachhead in Dagupan, along with those in neighboring towns Lingayen, Binmaley and San Fabian, MacArthur's forces under General Walter Krueger together with the Philippine Commonwealth troops under the Philippine Army and Philippine Constabulary units were able to penetrate Japanese defenses in Luzon island and liberate Filipino and allied prisoners of war near Cabanatuan in the province of Nueva Ecija, and in Manila's University of Sto. Tomas, among others.

Dagupan's cityhood[edit]

Perez Boulevard

Dagupan became a city by virtue of Republic Act No. 170, authored by Speaker Eugenio Pérez. It was signed into law by President Manuel Roxas on June 20, 1947.[10]

On October 15, 1947, President Roxas issued Executive Order No. 96 fixing the city limits to include the towns of Mangaldan, Pangasinan and Calasiao, Pangasinan but the residents of Calasiao rejected inclusion into the new city, causing controversy over the election that was held on November 10, 1947.[citation needed]

In 1948 he built a road from barrio Mayombo to barrio Tapuac, passing through the edge of barrio Pogo Chico. The road, built mostly on reclaimed swampland, was named Perez Boulevard, in honor of Rodrigo D. Perez, Dagupan's first lawyer and Assemblyman. The road was needed because of the increasing number of commercial establishments on Torres Bugallon Avenue and the growing number of residents at the southern limits of the city.[citation needed]

Later, Fernandez's successor Teofilo Guadiz, who served from 1954–1957 and 1958–1959, would also contribute to the city's expansion by extending Rizal Street, which was only then from Torres Bugallon to Rivera Street, up to the Iglesia ni Cristo compound.[citation needed] Also, he extended Galvan Street, which was then up to Gomez Street only, up to Perez Boulevard. He also secured funds from Senator Cipriano P. Primicias, Sr., a native of Pangasinan, to build a two-story semi-permanent building for the city high school. Guadiz also replaced the Bailey bridge on Perez Boulevard with a concrete one.[citation needed]

The westward expansion of the city went as far as Lucao, which was also swampland. Local historian Restituto Basa surmised that the name Lucao may have been derived from the shellfish called lukan that used to abound in the swampy area.[citation needed]

In June 1962, Dagupan was shaken by a series of strong earthquakes which occurred at irregular intervals for about three weeks. The quakes toppled the belfry of the Roman Catholic Church. Many people from Calmay, Carael and island barrios evacuated to other towns.[citation needed]

In 1968, the national government agencies opened offices in Dagupan and other key cities across the country. The daytime population increased substantially, causing congestion in the city that began to see the appearance of public utility tricycles.[citation needed]


On July 16, 1990, a magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck northern Luzon.

Geography[edit]

Dagupan City covers a total land area of 3,723 hectares (9,200 acres),[2] bounded by the Lingayen Gulf in the north, San Fabian in the northeast, Mangaldan in the east, Calasiao in the south and Binmaley in the west. Land use is primarily for agriculture with 35.98% of the total land area, fishpond, cropland, residential with 22.88%; others uses are commercial, industrial, institutional, government private, parks, and roads.

Panoramic view of Dagupan river

Barangays[edit]

Dagupan City is politically subdivided into 31 barangays.[4]

Barangay Population
(2010)[11]
Population
(2007)[12]
Change
Bacayao Norte 3,283 2,176 +50.87%
Bacayao Sur 2,632 2,011 +30.88%
Barangay I (T. Bugallon) 673 741 −9.18%
Barangay II (Nueva) 2,824 2,158 +30.86%
Barangay IV (Zamora) 841 985 −14.62%
Bolosan 3,862 3,187 +21.18%
Bonuan Binloc 8,246 7,507 +9.84%
Bonuan Boquig 13,686 10,852 +26.12%
Bonuan Gueset 22,042 20,335 +8.39%
Calmay 6,706 5,386 +24.51%
Carael 4,732 4,368 +8.33%
Caranglaan 6,459 7,848 −17.70%
Herrero 2,428 2,241 +8.34%
Lasip Chico 1,370 774 +77.00%
Lasip Grande 2,622 2,705 −3.07%
Lomboy 1,367 1,304 +4.83%
Lucao 9,748 7,974 +22.25%
Malued 9,406 9,798 −4.00%
Mamalingling 1,456 1,280 +13.75%
Mangin 3,700 3,611 +2.46%
Mayombo 7,937 6,566 +20.88%
Pantal 17,174 16,835 +2.01%
Poblacion Oeste 4,523 4,231 +6.90%
Pogo Chico 4,603 4,852 −5.13%
Pogo Grande 2,112 2,243 −5.84%
Pugaro Suit 4,757 4,063 +17.08%
Salapingao 2,890 2,466 +17.19%
Salisay 2,134 2,191 −2.60%
Tambac 2,328 2,064 +12.79%
Tapuac 4,391 4,166 +5.40%
Tebeng 2,744 2,636 +4.10%

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Dagupan City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37
(99)
37
(99)
38
(100)
39
(102)
42
(108)
38
(100)
38
(100)
38
(100)
40
(104)
42
(108)
34
(93)
37
(99)
42
(108)
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(87.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27.5
(81.4)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
22
(72)
24.1
(75.4)
Record low °C (°F) 13
(55)
18
(64)
18
(64)
17
(63)
18
(64)
16
(61)
22
(72)
17
(63)
10
(50)
20
(68)
11
(52)
16
(61)
10
(50)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.3
(0.169)
19.1
(0.752)
27.3
(1.075)
45.2
(1.78)
153.3
(6.035)
271.3
(10.681)
411.1
(16.185)
532.0
(20.945)
364.4
(14.346)
182.5
(7.185)
56.3
(2.217)
24.4
(0.961)
2,091.2
(82.331)
Average rainy days 3 2 3 5 14 17 22 23 21 13 7 4 134
Average relative humidity (%) 85 84 84 84 88 91 92 94 93 92 89 86 88.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 11.7 12 12.4 12.9 13.3 13.5 13.4 13.0 12.6 12.1 11.8 11.6 12.52
Source #1: World Weather Online[13]
Source #2: Weatherbase [14]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of
Dagupan City
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 52,865 —    
1918 69,567 +1.85%
1939 87,976 +1.12%
1948 87,864 −0.01%
1960 90,586 +0.25%
1970 97,148 +0.70%
1975 105,237 +1.62%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 112,967 +1.43%
1990 122,247 +0.79%
1995 126,214 +0.60%
2000 130,328 +0.69%
2007 149,554 +1.92%
2010 163,676 +3.34%
2015 171,271 +0.87%

Pangasinenses are the predominant people in Dagupan City, followed by the Ilocanos. Pangasinan and Ilocano are spoken in the city.

  • Number of Registered Voters (2010): 92,867[4]

Tourism and culture[edit]

Dagupan City Museum
Crab building Dagupan

Dagupan's interesting points, attractions, events and heritage sites include:

  • Sanctuario de San Juan Evangelista - altar where Leonor Rivera, Dr. José Rizal's lost love, married Henry Kipping, a British engineer who set up the first Dagupan railway system.
  • Metropolitan Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist - the Katipuneros defeated the Spaniards within these 2 church grounds on July 21, 1898.
  • Dagupan railway station - Spanish Railroad Station (Las Estaciones Ferrocarril Manila-Dagupan)
  • MacArthur's Landing Site Marker, Bonuan Blue Beach
  • Tondaligan People's Park, 72 hectare foreshore
  • Gen. Arthur Macarthur's Dagupan Headquarters in Dagupan - Home Economics Building of the West Central Elementary School 1909, the Gabaldon Building.
  • Ruins of Franklin Bridge
  • Century-old Water Tower
  • City Museum has the masterpieces of National Artist Victorio Edades
  • Senior Citizen's Park, José Rizal, Children's Park and Andrés Bonifacio monument

Bangus Festival[edit]

The longest barbecue measured 1,007.56 metres (3,305.6 ft). It was created by the people of Dagupan City on May 3, 2003, as part of the city's Bangus Festival. Dagupan City broke Canchia's (Peru) 613 metres (2,011 ft) long record set in November 1999. Dagupeños grilled Bonuan bangus at the "Kalutan ed Dagupan" street party.[15] (Dagupan City Fiesta 2012 - "Bayanihan Sa Liwanag" LIGHTS).

Local government[edit]

City Hall

City of Dagupan Official Seal[edit]

Old City of Dagupan Seal[edit]

The old city seal first appeared on the cover of the 1948 Dagupan City Fiesta and Fair souvenir program.

The old seal was submitted and approved by the Philippine Heraldry Committee in 1948. Railroad and highway were added to emphasize the city's geographic location and to stress the strategic role it played to establish Dagupan as the trading post of the North.

[edit]

The National Historical Commission of the Philippines' Chair Maria Serena I. Diokno and Paquito Ochoa, Jr.[16] signed the Certificate of the new Dagupan Seal. Mayor Benjamin S. Lim officially received on December 9, 2012, the certificate of registration for this city's new corporate seal from Secretary Mar Roxas (Republic Act 7160) permanently abandoning the 68-year-old logo and seal, saying: "Mula sa araw na ito, ito na ang magiging simbolo ng Bangus Capital of the World."

Dr. Carmelo John E. Vidal, of Poblacion Oeste and director of the Center for Integrated Extension Services and National Service Training Program Unit of the University of Luzon designed the approved new Seal, to wit: the word BANGUS, lower portion of the seal, midpart of the 7 waves representing the 7 river tributaries; unique shape of the shield; slogan "Sigue Dagupan"; the highway crisscrossing the railroad track, Pandarugupan or meeting place; the horseshoe magnet, the rising sun, gear wheel, and blazing torch and the gear wheel; the stars represent the city's 31 barangays; 1947 signifies Dagupan, Pangasinan birth by Republic Act No. 170.[17]

Education[edit]

Since the Spanish time, Dagupan has always been the center of education in Ilocos Region (Region 1). The private sector-driven centers of education University of Pangasinan, University of Luzon and Lyceum-Northwestern University lead, 14 colleges and 18 vocational schools and 3 technical learning centers, 19 secondary schools and 53 elementary schools both in public and private.

Health services[edit]

Medical and health service centers abound in Dagupan. Out of 51 hospitals in Pangasinan, 12 are located in the city. The largest of these is the Region 1 Medical Center with hospital bed capacity of 600.

Hospitals and medical centers include:

  • Cuison Hospital Incorporated
  • Dagupan Doctors Villaflor Memorial Hospital
  • Dagupan Orthopedic Center
  • Decena General Hospital
  • Luzon Medical Center
  • Medical Centrum Dagupan
  • Nazareth General Hospital
  • Pangasinan Center for Family Medicine
  • Region 1 Medical Center
  • Specialist Group Hospital & Trauma Center
  • The Medical City Pangasinan

Communication and mass media[edit]

Dagupan City is home to regional television stations of GMA Network, Solar News Channel, TV5 and ABS-CBN, sixteen radio broadcasting stations, at least seventeen local newspapers and three cable television companies. There are two news programs TV Patrol North Central Luzon (ABS-CBN Dagupan) and 24 Oras Amianan (GMA Dagupan). There are also four internet service providers and more than 30 cyber cafes now operating in the city.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Pangasinan". PSGC Interactive. Retrieved on 2012-05-29.
  3. ^ "Region I (ILOCOS REGION)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Municipality/City: Dagupan City". PSGC Interactive. Retrieved on 2012-05-29.
  5. ^ a b "LGU Profile Dagupan City". Local Governance Performance Management Systems. Retrieved on 2012-05-29.
  6. ^ "Dagupan City: The Home of the World’s Longest Barbecue". National Statistical Coordination Board Profile. Retrieved on 2012-05-30.
  7. ^ William Henry Scott (1983). "The fact that Chief Kamayin's name is transliterated by the Chinese characters for "excellent," "horse," and' "silver" led Berthold Laufer in his 1907 "The relations of the Chinese to the Philippines" to list horses and silver among the Pangasinan gifts (Historical Bulletin 1967 reprint, Vol. 11, p. 10); this error was carelessly copied by Wu Ching-hong in his 1962 "The rise and decline of Chuanchou's international trade" (Proceedings of the Second Conference of the International Association of Historians of Asia, p. 477), whence it passed into more than one Philippine text, but was not repeated by Wu himself in his later works.Laufer also refers to a Philippine embassy led by a "high official called Ko-ch'a-lao" whom no other scholar has been able to locate and whom Beyer identifies as a "Chinese governor appointed for the island of Luzon" (op. cit., loc. cit.)." (PDF). Guttenburg Free Online E-books. 1: 8. 
  8. ^ "Dagupan City in Pangasinan Luzon PhilippinesPhilippines". www.philippine-islands.ph. Retrieved 2015-11-27. 
  9. ^ "Reporter Predicted Japanese Attack - Pearl Harbor - Hector C. Bywater". www.lindseywilliams.org. Retrieved 2015-11-27. 
  10. ^ "Republic Act No. 170 - An Act Creating the City of Dagupan". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  12. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of August 1, 2007: Pangasinan". National Statistics Office. National Statistics Office. April 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 November 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "Dagupan, Philippines: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "Dagupan, Philippines Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  15. ^ sunstar.com.ph, Sto. Tomas gets world's longest barbecue title
  16. ^ http://www.pia.gov.ph/news/index.php?article=411355391039
  17. ^ http://www.luzonsundayreport.com/dagupans-new-corporate-seal-a-symbol-of-citys-sovereignty-bsl/
  18. ^ "Sister Cities, Public Relations". Guadalajara municipal government. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  19. ^ "30th year of Dagupan-Iwata sisterhood pact celebrated". Sunday Punch Line. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Dagupan, Milpitas renew sisterhood pact – Sunday Punch". punch.dagupan.com. Retrieved 2016-07-04. 
  21. ^ www.taoti.com, Taoti Creative, Washington DC / May 2012 /. "Interactive City Directory". www.sister-cities.org. Retrieved 2016-07-04. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Basa, Restituto (1972). Story of Dagupan. Manaois Press.

External links[edit]