Dahlia (horse)

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Dahlia
Sire Vaguely Noble
Grandsire Vienna
Dam Charming Alibi
Damsire Honeys Alibi
Sex Mare
Foaled 25 March 1970[1]
Country United States
Colour Chestnut
Breeder Nelson Bunker Hunt
Owner Nelson Bunker Hunt
Allen E. Paulson
Trainer Maurice Zilber
Charlie Whittingham
Record 46: 15-3-7
Earnings $1,489,105
Major wins
Prix Yacowlef (1972)
Prix de la Grotte (1973)
Prix Saint-Alary (1973)
Irish Oaks (1973)
King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes (1973, 1974)
Prix Niel (1973)
Washington, D.C. International (1973)
Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud (1974)
Benson and Hedges Gold Cup (1974, 1975)
Man O' War Stakes (1974)
Canadian International Stakes (1974)
Hollywood Invitational Handicap (1976)
Awards
Timeform top-rated 3-y-o filly (1973)
Top-rated 3-y-o filly in Britain (1973)
British Horse of the Year (1973, 1974)
U.S. Champion Turf Horse (1974)
Timeform rating 132 (1973), 135 (1974), 128 (1975)
Honours
United States Racing Hall of Fame
Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame
Dahlia Handicap at Hollywood Park Racetrack
Dahlia Stakes at Newmarket Racecourse

Dahlia (March 25, 1970 – 6 April 2001) was an American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She won major races in France, England, Ireland, Canada, and the United States. She was the first Thoroughbred mare to earn more than $1 million and was one of the pioneers of inter-continental racing.

Originally trained in France, she showed early promise by winning the Prix Yacowlef on her debut as a two-year-old but failed to win again that year. In the following season she developed into a top-class middle-distance performer, winning the Prix de la Grotte, Prix Saint-Alary and Irish Oaks against her own sex before defeating male opposition King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes, Prix Niel and Washington, D.C. International. She was voted British horse of the year and was the equal-top-rated three-year-old filly in Europe. In the following year she won a second King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes as well as the Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud, Benson and Hedges Gold Cup, Man O' War Stakes and Canadian International Stakes. She was voted British horse of the year for a second time and took the Eclipse Award for Champion Turf Horse. She was less successful at five but did record an upset victory over Grundy to take a second Benson and Hedges Gold Cup. She was transferred to the United States and won the Hollywood Invitational Handicap.

After her retirement from racing she became a very successful broodmare, producing several major winners. She died in 2001 at the age of 31. Dahlia has been inducted into both the United States Racing Hall of Fame and the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame.

Background[edit]

Dahlia was a chestnut mare with a narrow white blaze bred and owned by the Texas oilman Nelson Bunker Hunt. The filly was sent to Europe to be trained in France by Maurice Zilber.

Her sire, Vaguely Noble, won the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe in 1968 before becoming a successful breeding stallion whose other progeny included Exceller and Empery.[2] Dahlia was the first foal of her dam Charming Alibi, a durable racemare who won sixteen of her seventy-one races and earned over $110,000 in prize money.[3] Perhaps the most notable of her later offspring was Canadian Bound, who was auctioned for a world record price of $1,500,000 in 1976.[4] Her other descendants have included the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Rail Link.[5]

Racing record[edit]

1972: two-year-old season[edit]

She raced on turf in Europe, and during her career, few could successfully compete with her over the grass. As a two-year-old, she won the Prix Yacowlef over 1000 metres at Deauville Racecourse on her racecourse debut.[6] She finished fifth in her next two races before ending her campaign with a second place behind Begara in the Prix des Reservoirs over 1600 metres at Longchamp Racecourse.[7]

1973: three-year-old season[edit]

Spring[edit]

Dahlia began her second season in April in the Prix de la Grotte a trial for the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches) over 1600 metres at Longchamp and won easily from Gay Style. In the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches she faced the leading French filly Allez France for the first time. She finished third of the eleven runners, beaten two and a half lengths and a neck by Allez France and Princess Arjumand. On 20 May Dahlia was moved up in distance when she faced Princess Arjumand again in the Prix Saint-Alary over 2000 metres at Longchamp: the favourite for the race however, was Virunga who was unbeaten in two races. Ridden as usual by Bill Pyers, and starting at 5.4/1, Dahlia overtook Virunga early in the straight and won by one and a half lengths, with Kashara taking third ahead of Princess Arjumand. In the Prix de Diane at Chantilly Racecourse on 10 June, Dahlia faced a rematch with Allex France, who had run poorly in the Prix Lupin. She again proved no match for her rival but finished four lengths clear of the other 23 runners, who were headed by Virunga.[3]

Summer[edit]

On her next appearance, Dahlia was again moved up in distance when she was sent to Ireland for the Irish Oaks over one and a half miles at the Curragh on 21 July. The British filly Mysterious started odds on favourite after wins in the 1000 Guineas and the Epsom Oaks, whilst Dahlia was second choice on 8/1 alongside the Pretty Polly Stakes winner Hurry Harriet. Dahlia woved up to challenge Mysterious a quarter of a mile from a the finish, overtook the favourite a furlong out and drew away to win easily by three lengths. A week after her win in Ireland, Dahlia took on older horses for the first time in Britain's most prestigious weight-for-age race, the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes at Ascot Racecourse. She started at odds of 10/1 in a twelve-runner field which included Roberto, Rheingold, Scottish Rifle, Hard To Beat (Prix du Jockey Club), Parnell (runner-up in the race in 1972 and winner of the Irish St Leger) and Weavers' Hall (Irish Derby). Dahlia was in tenth place on the inside entering the straight but then wove her way through the field to take the lead just inside the last quarter mile. She accelerated away from her male opponents in the closing stages and won by six lengths from Rheingold. Her margin of victory equaled that of Mill Reef in 1971 and the winning time of 2:30.43 was a record for the race. Timeform commented "seldom cam a top-class, hotly-contested, weight-for-age race have been won as impressively",[3]

Autumn[edit]

After a break of six weeks Dahlia returned in the Prix Niel at Longchamp on 9 September in which she was matched against the Grand Prix de Paris winner Tennyson. She won easily, beating Tennyson by half a length, despite being eased down by Pyers in the closing stages. Dahlia's third clash with Allez France in the Prix Vermeille saw her start a slight favourite ahead of her rival in a field which also included Virunga, Gay Style and Hurry Harriet. Allez France won while Dahlia finished the race lame in fifth place, having sustained an injury to her left hind leg. Despite struggling to recover from her injury she was allowed to run in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe on 7 October but never looked likely to win and finished sixteenth of the twenty-seven runners behind Rheingold.[3]

For her final run of 1973, Dahlia was sent to the United States for the 22nd running of the Washington D.C. International at Laurel Park Racecourse on 10 November. The other European challengers were Scottish Rifle, Hurry Harriet, Card King (fourth in the Arc) and Acacio d'Aguilar (Preis von Europa) whilst the "home team" comprised Tentam (the 7/10 favourite), Big Spruce and London Company (Manhattan Handicap). After being restrained towards the rear of the field until the straight, Dahlia produced a strong late run on the outside and took the lead in the final furlong. She drew away in the final strides to win by two and a quarter lengths from Big Spruce, with Scottish Rifle in third, becoming the first female horse to win the race.[8] After the race Zilber was asked to compare Dahlia to the American champion Secretariat and said "She could beat Secretariat any day in any country. I would like to see a match race. I would even put up my money".[9]

1974: four-year-old season[edit]

Spring[edit]

Dahlia took time to reach her best form in 1974. She was well-beaten by Allez France her first two starts, finishing fourth in the Prix d'Harcourt on 15 April and fifth in the Prix Ganay three weeks later. In June she resumed her international campaign when she was sent to Epsom Downs Racecourse for the Coronation Cup over one and a half miles. She looked unimpressive in the pre-race paddock as she had done in her previous race. She was given what was described by Timeform as a "preposterous task" by her jockey as she trailed the field by many lengths in the early stages before making progress in the straight and finishing third behind Buoy and Tennyson.[10]

Summer[edit]

Yves Saint-Martin took over the ride when Dahlia started favourite for the Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud over 2500 metres on 7 July. In a change of tactics she was in the first two throughout the race and won by a neck from On My Way. Three weeks later the filly attempted to become the first horse to win the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes for a second time. Ridden by Lester Piggott she started 15/8 favourite against nine opponents including Highclere, Snow Knight, Dankaro, Buoy, Card King, Orsa Maggiore (Oaks d'Italia) and Hippodamia (entered as a pacemaker for Dahlia). Piggott restrained the filly towards the rear as Hippodamia set a strong pace from Snow Knight and Buoy, before moving up to fourth on the final turn. She accelerated into the lead approaching the final furlong and won by two and a half lengths from Highclere. Timeform commented that she had "cantered home on the bit, without Piggot's having to move a muscle".[10] Despite reports that she would spend the rest of the season in North America, Dahlia was back in England in August and started 8/15 favourite for the third edition of the Benson and Hedges Gold Cup over ten and a half furlongs at York Racecourse.[11] Highclere and Snow Knight were again in the field along with Imperial Prince (runner-up in the Epsom and Irish Derbies) whilst Hippodamia was again there to set the pace. Dahlia had some difficulty obtaining a clear run in the straight before taking the lead a furlong and a half from the finish and winning by two and a half lengths from Imperial Prince with Snow Knight in third.

Autumn[edit]

On 15 September at Longchamp Dahlia started 3/10 favourite for the Prix du Prince d'Orange, a trial race for the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. After looking likely to win in the last 200 metres she was beaten into third place by On My Way and Toujours Pret in a photo-finish. The filly bypassed the Arc and ended her season with three races in North America, starting with the Man O' War Stakes at Belmont Park on 11 October. Maurice Zilber was very unhappy about the quarantine arrangements and felt that the filly came to the race in less than top condition. With Piggott engaged in Europe, Dahlia was ridden by Ron Turcotte and came from well off the pace on the final turn to win by two lengths from Crafty Khale, with London Company taking third ahead of Golden Don. Turcotte said "she did was she was supposed to do all by herself... I never touched her" whils London Company's jockey Eddie Maple commented "that filly just shot right by us".[12] Dahlia was reunited with Piggott when she contested the Canadian International Stakes at Woodbine Racetrack on 27 October. She raced along the rails behind the leaders as Snow Knight set a strong pace before accelerating through a gap to take the lead in the straight. She held off a late challenge from Big Spruce to win by a length in a track record time of 2:40.00. The New York Times reported Piggott as having said "Even when we were in traffic on the backside, apparently hemmed on the rail by two horses, I felt I had no cause for concern. I knew Dahlia had lots to give, and I knew some of those horses up front were going to break up as we entered the straight".[13]

On her final start of the season she started the 3/5 favourite in her attempt to repeat her 1973 success in the Washington D C International. In a steadily-run race she was forced to the outside on the final turn and entered the straight with six lengths to make up on the leaders. She made rapid progress but was unable to sustain her challenge and finished third behind Admetus and Desert Vixen. Piggott was strongly criticised in some sections of the American press, who felt that he had employed over-exaggerated waiting tactics.[6][10] He responded by saying: "They can't win all the time, they're not machines, you know".[2]

1975: five-year-old season[edit]

As in the previous year, Dahlia struggled to find her best form in the early part of the season. She finished last of six to Allez France in the Prix Ganay, ninth of fifteen in the Prix Jean de Chaudenay on 19 May, sixth behind Star Appeal in the Gran Premio di Milano. In July she met trouble in running and came home fifth fifth behind Un Kopeck in the Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud. In her attempt to win a third King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes she produced her best effort up to that point in the season despite becoming agitated in the preliminaries and showing a reluctance to enter the starting stalls. Ridden by Pyers and starting at 6/1 she stayed on in the straight and finished third to Grundy and Bustino, ahead of On My Way, Card King, Ashmore and Star Appeal.[14] Dahlia's attempt to repeat her 1974 win in the Benson and Hedges Gold Cup saw her start at odds of 7/2[11] behind the odds-on Grundy with the other runners being Card King, Star Appeal and the outsiders Jimsun and Meautry. Dahlia led from the start and won easily from Card King and Star Appeal, with Grundy running poorly in fourth.[15]

Dahlia's win at York proved to be her only success of 1975. In the Grand Prix de Deauville on 31 August she finiahed third behind Duke of Marmalade and L'Ensorceleur but was promoted to second when the "winner" was disqualified. She then finished a close third behind Kasteel and Ramirez when favourite for the Prix du Prince d'Orange on 21 September. In the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, her last race in Europe, she met Allez France for the sixth and final time. She stumbled early in the race and was unable to recover, finishing fifteenth of the 24 runners behind Star Appeal. In late autumn she was again sent to North America and ran twice, starting with a fourth place behind Snow Knight in the Canadian International in which she was given a great deal of ground to make up in the closing stages by her jockey Sandy Hawley. She then contested her third Washington D C International but sustained an injury in the race and finished eighth of the nine runners behind her stablemate Nobiliary.[15]

1976: six-year-old season[edit]

Sent to race permanently in California in 1976, she was trained by Charlie Whittingham. Based at Hollywood Park Racetrack, she ran thirteen times, competing on both dirt and turf. In May she won an allowance race allowance at Hollywood and followed up by winning the Grade I Hollywood Invitational Handicap over 12 furlongs. She was only the second female winner (after Typecast) of this race since its inception 35 years earlier. Dahlia ended her racing career by finishing seventh in the Las Palmas Handicap at Santa Anita Park on 30 October.[16]

Achievent and honours[edit]

In all, Dahlia had 48 starts, for 15 wins and 3 seconds and 7 thirds, defeating Classic-winning colts, in England, Ireland, France, Canada and the United States for $1,489,105 in prize money.

In the Handicap Optional, a ranking of the best French-trained two-year-olds, she was rated ten pounds inferior to the top-rated Targowice and seven pounds behind the top filly Allez France.[7] In 1972 the independent Timeform organisation gave her a rating of 132, level with Allez France and one pound behind the leading three-year-old colt Thatch. In the British Free Handicap she was rated the equal of Thatch with a rating of 140 pounds, making her the joint-best three-year-old of the season.[3] Following a poll conducted by the Racehorse Association Dahlia was named British Horse of the Year for 1973, taking 29 of the 39 votes.[4]

In 1974, Dahlia was again named British Horse of the Year, taking 32 of the 36 votes.[4] The Eclipse Awards for 1974 saw her defeat male opposition to be voted American Champion Turf Horse. In the same year Timeform gave her a peak rating of 135, one pound behind their Horse of the Year Allez France.[10] In the following year she was rated 128 by Timeform whilst the official French handicap rated her the third best older female behind Allez France and Comtesse de Loir. In the British handicap she was rated the second best older female behind Lianga.[15]

In 1981, Dahlia was inducted into the American Horse Racing Hall of Fame.[17] She was inducted into the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame in 2016.[18]

Breeding record[edit]

At the end of the 1976 racing season, Dahlia was retired and went on to a top record as a broodmare, something uncommon among great racemares. In 1988, Hunt sold his racing operations, and Dahlia was purchased for $1.1 million by American owner/breeder Allen E. Paulson, who sent her to Diamond A Farm in Kentucky.

Bred to leading stallions, she produced 13 foals:

She was pensioned in 1996 and remained Diamond A Farm until her death, at 31 years, in 2001. She was buried in the farm's horse cemetery.[26] The farm's manager Ted Carr said "She was a grand mare with great presence and we were sad to see her go. But we were honoured to have been her caretakers for the last 13 years."[27]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Dahlia (USA), chestnut mare, 1970[1]
Sire
Vaguely Noble (IRE)
1965
Vienna (GB)
1957
Aureole Hyperion
Angelola
Turkish Blood Turkhan
Rusk
Noble Lassie (GB)
1956
Nearco (ITY) Pharos
Nogara
Belle Sauvage Big Game
Tropical Sun
Dam
Charming Alibi
1963
Honeys Alibi
1952
Alibhai Hyperion
Teresina
Honeymoon Beau Pere
Panoramic
Adorada (ARG)
1947
Hierocles Abjer
Loika
Gilded Wave Gallant Fox
Ondulation (Family: 13-c)[5]

See also[edit]

List of leading Thoroughbred racehorses

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dahlia pedigree". Equineline. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2013-05-05. 
  2. ^ a b Mortimer, Roger; Onslow, Richard; Willett, Peter (1978). Biographical Encyclopedia of British Flat Racing. Macdonald and Jane's. ISBN 0-354-08536-0. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Timeform staff (1974). Racehorses of 1973. Timeform. 
  4. ^ a b c Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1990). Horse Racing: Records, Facts, Champions (Third Edition). Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-902-1. 
  5. ^ a b "Stray Shot - Family 13-c". Thoroughbred Bloodlines. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  6. ^ a b Australian Stud Book: Dahlia Retrieved 2011-1-5
  7. ^ a b Timeform staff (1973). Racehorses of 1972. Timeform. 
  8. ^ Associated Press staff (11 November 1973). "France's Dahlia takes Laurel's International". Chicago Tribune. 
  9. ^ Associated Press staff (11 November 1973). "Dahlia cops International". Reading Eagle. 
  10. ^ a b c d Timeform staff (1975). Racehorses of 1974. Timeform. 
  11. ^ a b Abelson, Edward; Tyrrel, John (1993). The Breedon Book of Horse Racing Records. Breedon Books Publishing. ISBN 978-1-873626-15-3. 
  12. ^ Associated Press staff (14 October 1974). "Dahlia chases international honors after Man o' War win". Observer-Reporter. 
  13. ^ Michael Strauss (28 October 1973). "Dahlia, Ridden by Piggott, $152,750 Stakes Winner". New York Times. 
  14. ^ "Grundy glides to victory". BBC Sport. 12 December 2003. 
  15. ^ a b c Timeform staff (1976). Racehorses of 1975. Timeform. 
  16. ^ "Dahlia - Statistics". Equibase. 
  17. ^ "Dahlia - profile". National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. 
  18. ^ "Dahlia - profile". Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame. 
  19. ^ "Decadrachm - Statistics". Equibase. 
  20. ^ "Dahar - Statistics". Equibase. 
  21. ^ "Rivlia - Statistics". Equibase. 
  22. ^ "Delegant - Statistics". Equibase. 
  23. ^ "Wajd - Record By Race Type". Racing Post. 
  24. ^ "Dahlia's Dreamer - Statistics". Equibase. 
  25. ^ "Llandaff - Statistics". Equibase. 
  26. ^ Blood-Horse staff (13 April 2001). "International Champion Dahlia Euthanized". The Blood-Horse. 
  27. ^ "Dahlia dies". Evening Standard. 14 April 2001.