Daihatsu Sigra

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Daihatsu Sigra (B400)
2019 Daihatsu Sigra 1.0 D wagon (B400RS; 01-12-2019), South Tangerang.jpg
2019 Daihatsu Sigra 1.0 D (B400RS, Indonesia)
Overview
ManufacturerDaihatsu (Toyota)
Also calledToyota Calya
ProductionAugust 2016 – present
AssemblyIndonesia: Karawang, West Java (Astra Daihatsu Motor - Karawang Assembly Plant)
DesignerNobuhiko Ono (2014)[1][2]
Body and chassis
ClassMini MPV
Body style5-door wagon
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
PlatformDaihatsu Global A-Segment Platform
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Power output
  • 49 kW (66 hp; 67 PS) (1.0 L)
  • 65 kW (87 hp; 88 PS) (1.2 L)
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,525 mm (99.4 in)
Length4,070 mm (160.2 in)
Width1,655 mm (65.2 in)
Height1,600 mm (63.0 in)
Curb weight935–990 kg (2,061–2,183 lb)

The Daihatsu Sigra (Japanese: ダイハツ・シグラ, Daihatsu Shigura) is a mini MPV designed by Daihatsu and manufactured by Astra Daihatsu in Indonesia since 2016. The Sigra is also sold by Toyota as the Toyota Calya (Japanese: トヨタ・カリヤ, Toyota Kariya). It shares the platform with the Daihatsu Ayla, Toyota Agya/Wigo and Perodua Axia.[3] It sits below the Avanza and Xenia and competes with the Datsun Go+. It was unveiled on 2 August 2016 and launched at the 24th Gaikindo Indonesia International Auto Show on 11 August 2016. Both cars are manufactured at the Karawang plant, which the company claims have 94% local content.[3][5]

The name "Calya" was taken from the Sanskrit word meaning "perfect", while "Sigra" means "fast response".[6]

Design[edit]

The car's design was based on Daihatsu's UFC-3 concept car that was shown at the 22nd Indonesia International Motor Show in September 2014. Some styling details are shared between the UFC-3 and Sigra/Calya, such as the side window shape and some of the exterior details, although the overall profile have been toned down. The Calya has a similar trapezoidal front air dam design from the UFC-3, which is similar in style to the 2015 Avanza Veloz (S grade). Meanwhile, the Sigra uses a different design. The rear lamps of the Calya and some variants of the Sigra are similar in design to the second generation Innova.[3]

Engines[edit]

Petrol engines
Chassis code Model Engine Transmission Power Torque Applications
B400 1.0 1.0 L 1KR-VE DOHC 12-valve EFI inline-three with VVT-i 5-speed manual 49 kW (66 hp; 67 PS) at 6,000 rpm 89 N⋅m (66 lb⋅ft) at 4,400 rpm Sigra
B401 1.2 1.2 L 3NR-VE DOHC 16-valve EFI inline-four with Dual VVT-i 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
65 kW (87 hp; 88 PS) at 6,000 rpm 108 N⋅m (80 lb⋅ft) at 4,200 rpm Sigra/Calya

Some technologies used in the 1.2 L engine are:

  • The application of intake valve type roller rocker arm, which reduces the friction produced when the camshaft is running.
  • The application of Dual VVT-i system, which adjusts timing on both intake and exhaust camshafts.
  • Improved cylinder head design.
  • Longer intake valve, which improves lower-end torque.[7]

For the 1.0 L engine, besides the addition of VVT-i from the previous 1KR-DE engine used in 2013–2017 Ayla/Agya, the compression ratio of the engine has been increased from 11.0:1 to 11.5:1. A high-tumble intake port, a longer intake manifold and a micro spray injector has also been added to the engine. The valve lifters' surface roughness has been reduced by as much as 90%. All these measures are combined to improve fuel efficiency.[5][8]

Trim levels[edit]

The Sigra is available in four different trim levels: D, M, X and R. The D and M trims are powered by the 1.0 L engine and only available with 5-speed manual transmission, while the X and R trims are powered by the 1.2 L engine and available with 5-speed manual transmission and 4-speed automatic transmission. The Deluxe variant of the X and R trims are also available. The Calya is available in E and G trims, which are powered by the 1.2 L engine and available with 5-speed manual transmission and 4-speed automatic transmission.

Gallery[edit]

Sales[edit]

For Sigra models:

Calendar Year Indonesia
2016 31,939[9]
2017 44,993[10]
2018 50,907[11]

For Calya models:

Calendar Year Indonesia
2016 47,287[9][12]
2017 73,236[10]
2018 63,970[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wikan, Martinus (2016-08-11). Trinilo Umardini, ed. "Ini Kisah Insinyur Jepang yang Menciptakan Daihatsu Sigra" [Engineer's Story Behind Daihatsu Sigra's Creation]. Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  2. ^ Widodo, Hari (2016-08-11). Edinayanti, ed. "Ini Alasan Mr. Ono Kenapa Bangun Daihatsu Sigra" [The Reasons Behind Daihatsu Sigra's Creation]. Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  3. ^ a b c d Tan, Danny (2016-08-11). "GIIAS 2016: New Toyota Calya – the RM40k 7-seat MPV". Paultan.org. Malaysia: Driven Communications. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  4. ^ Bagja, ed. (2016-06-30). "Tenaga Mesin 1.000cc Daihatsu Sigra Setara Datsun GO 1.200cc" [Daihatsu Sigra's 1,000 cc Engine is As Powerful As Datsun Go's 1,200 cc Engine]. GridOto.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  5. ^ a b Tan, Danny (2016-08-11). "GIIAS 2016: Daihatsu Sigra, Toyota Calya's twin sister". Paultan.org. Malaysia: Driven Communications. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  6. ^ Saragih, Febri Ardani (2016-08-02). Agung Kurniawan, ed. "Arti Nama Calya dan Sigra" [The Meaning of Calya and Sigra Names]. Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  7. ^ Parwata, ed. (2016-09-06). "Teknologi Mesin 3NR-VE Daihatsu Sigra, Kunci Utamanya di Roller Rocker Arm" [Daihatsu Sigra's 3NR-VE Engine Technology, Roller Rocker Arm is the Key]. GridOto.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  8. ^ Parwata, ed. (2016-08-31). "Teknologi Mesin 1KR-VE Astra Daihatsu Sigra, Intake Panjang, Torsi Tambah" [Astra Daihatsu Sigra's 1KR-VE Engine Technology, Longer Intake, Higher Torque]. GridOto.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  9. ^ a b Kuswaraharja, Dadan (2017-02-01). "20 Mobil Terlaris di Indonesia Tahun 2016" [Indonesia's Best Selling Cars of 2016]. Detik.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Trans Media. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  10. ^ a b Kuswaraharja, Dadan (2018-01-17). "20 Mobil Terlaris Tahun 2017" [Best Selling Cars of 2017]. Detik.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Trans Media. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  11. ^ a b Rayanti, Dina (2019-01-17). "20 Mobil Terlaris di Indonesia Tahun 2016" [Xpander Beaten: Avanza is Indonesia's Best Selling Car of 2018]. Detik.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Trans Media. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  12. ^ Nayazri, Ghulam Muhammad (2017-01-25). Agung Kurniawan, ed. "Belum Genap Setahun, Toyota Calya Kuasai Pasar 2016" [Not Even A Year Yet, Toyota Calya Already Dominates the Market Share in 2016]. Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.

External links[edit]