|Daihatsu Sigra (B400)|
2019 Daihatsu Sigra 1.0 D (B400RS, Indonesia)
|Also called||Toyota Calya|
|Production||August 2016 – present|
|Assembly||Indonesia: Karawang, West Java (Astra Daihatsu Motor - Karawang Assembly Plant)|
|Designer||Nobuhiko Ono (2014)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||5-door wagon|
|Platform||Daihatsu Global A-Segment Platform|
|Wheelbase||2,525 mm (99.4 in)|
|Length||4,070 mm (160.2 in)|
|Width||1,655 mm (65.2 in)|
|Height||1,600 mm (63.0 in)|
|Curb weight||935–990 kg (2,061–2,183 lb)|
The Daihatsu Sigra (Japanese: ダイハツ・シグラ Daihatsu Shigura) is a mini MPV designed by Daihatsu and manufactured by Astra Daihatsu in Indonesia since 2016. The Sigra is also sold by Toyota as the Toyota Calya (Japanese: トヨタ・カリヤ Toyota Kariya). It shares the platform with the Daihatsu Ayla, Toyota Agya/Wigo and Perodua Axia. It sits below the Avanza and Xenia and competes with the Datsun Go+. It was unveiled on 2 August 2016 and launched at the 24th Gaikindo Indonesia International Auto Show on 11 August 2016. Both cars are manufactured at the Karawang plant, which the company claims have 94% local content.
The car's design was based on Daihatsu's UFC-3 concept car that was shown at the 22nd Indonesia International Motor Show in September 2014. Some styling details are shared between the UFC-3 and Sigra/Calya, such as the side window shape and some of the exterior details, although the overall profile have been toned down. The Calya has a similar trapezoidal front air dam design from the UFC-3, which is similar in style to the 2015 Avanza Veloz (S grade). Meanwhile, the Sigra uses a different design. The rear lamps of the Calya and some variants of the Sigra are similar in design to the second generation Innova.
|B400||1.0||1.0 L 1KR-VE DOHC 12-valve EFI inline-three with VVT-i||5-speed manual||49 kW (66 hp; 67 PS) at 6,000 rpm||89 N⋅m (66 lb⋅ft) at 4,400 rpm||Sigra|
|B401||1.2||1.2 L 3NR-VE DOHC 16-valve EFI inline-four with Dual VVT-i||5-speed manual
|65 kW (87 hp; 88 PS) at 6,000 rpm||108 N⋅m (80 lb⋅ft) at 4,200 rpm||Sigra/Calya|
Some technologies used in the 1.2 L engine are:
- The application of intake valve type roller rocker arm, which reduces the friction produced when the camshaft is running.
- The application of Dual VVT-i system, which adjusts timing on both intake and exhaust camshafts.
- Improved cylinder head design.
- Longer intake valve, which improves lower-end torque.
For the 1.0 L engine, besides the addition of VVT-i from the previous 1KR-DE engine used in 2013–2017 Ayla/Agya, the compression ratio of the engine has been increased from 11.0:1 to 11.5:1. A high-tumble intake port, a longer intake manifold and a micro spray injector has also been added to the engine. The valve lifters' surface roughness has been reduced by as much as 90%. All these measures are combined to improve fuel efficiency.
The Sigra is available in four different trim levels: D, M, X and R. The D and M trims are powered by the 1.0 L engine and only available with 5-speed manual transmission, while the X and R trims are powered by the 1.2 L engine and available with 5-speed manual transmission and 4-speed automatic transmission. The Deluxe variant of the X and R trims are also available. The Calya is available in E and G trims, which are powered by the 1.2 L engine and available with 5-speed manual transmission and 4-speed automatic transmission.
For Sigra models:
For Calya models:
- Wikan, Martinus (2016-08-11). Trinilo Umardini, ed. "Ini Kisah Insinyur Jepang yang Menciptakan Daihatsu Sigra" [Engineer's Story Behind Daihatsu Sigra's Creation]. Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- Widodo, Hari (2016-08-11). Edinayanti, ed. "Ini Alasan Mr. Ono Kenapa Bangun Daihatsu Sigra" [The Reasons Behind Daihatsu Sigra's Creation]. Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- Tan, Danny (2016-08-11). "GIIAS 2016: New Toyota Calya – the RM40k 7-seat MPV". Paultan.org. Malaysia: Driven Communications. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- Bagja, ed. (2016-06-30). "Tenaga Mesin 1.000cc Daihatsu Sigra Setara Datsun GO 1.200cc" [Daihatsu Sigra's 1,000 cc Engine is As Powerful As Datsun Go's 1,200 cc Engine]. GridOto.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- Tan, Danny (2016-08-11). "GIIAS 2016: Daihatsu Sigra, Toyota Calya's twin sister". Paultan.org. Malaysia: Driven Communications. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- Saragih, Febri Ardani (2016-08-02). Agung Kurniawan, ed. "Arti Nama Calya dan Sigra" [The Meaning of Calya and Sigra Names]. Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- Parwata, ed. (2016-09-06). "Teknologi Mesin 3NR-VE Daihatsu Sigra, Kunci Utamanya di Roller Rocker Arm" [Daihatsu Sigra's 3NR-VE Engine Technology, Roller Rocker Arm is the Key]. GridOto.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- Parwata, ed. (2016-08-31). "Teknologi Mesin 1KR-VE Astra Daihatsu Sigra, Intake Panjang, Torsi Tambah" [Astra Daihatsu Sigra's 1KR-VE Engine Technology, Longer Intake, Higher Torque]. GridOto.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- Kuswaraharja, Dadan (2017-02-01). "20 Mobil Terlaris di Indonesia Tahun 2016" [Indonesia's Best Selling Cars of 2016]. Detik.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Trans Media. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- Kuswaraharja, Dadan (2018-01-17). "20 Mobil Terlaris Tahun 2017" [Best Selling Cars of 2017]. Detik.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Trans Media. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- Rayanti, Dina (2019-01-17). "20 Mobil Terlaris di Indonesia Tahun 2016" [Xpander Beaten: Avanza is Indonesia's Best Selling Car of 2018]. Detik.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Trans Media. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- Nayazri, Ghulam Muhammad (2017-01-25). Agung Kurniawan, ed. "Belum Genap Setahun, Toyota Calya Kuasai Pasar 2016" [Not Even A Year Yet, Toyota Calya Already Dominates the Market Share in 2016]. Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
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