|This article needs to be updated. (January 2014)|
|Type||Online student news site|
|Owner(s)||Emerald Media Group|
The Daily Emerald is an online student news site produced at the University of Oregon in Eugene, Oregon, United States. Its predecessor, the Oregon Daily Emerald newspaper, founded in 1899, trained many prominent writers and journalists and made important contributions to journalism case law. Currently, two print news magazines also are published each week, Emerald Monday and Emerald Wknd.
The Daily Emerald and associated publications are published by the Emerald Media Group. The Emerald operates quasi-independently of the University with offices in Suite 300 of the Erb Memorial Union.
State v. Buchanan
On May 24, 1966 the Emerald ran a story, "Students Condone Marijuana Use," by author Annette Buchanan, which included seven unnamed sources discussing their drug use. The interviews were granted under the condition that the sources’ names would not be revealed. After reading Buchanan's story, local law enforcement officials convened a grand jury investigation into the illegal use of drugs.
On June 1, 1966, the Lane County District Attorney subpoenas Buchanan, requesting names of sources. Buchanan refused and was fined $300 for contempt of court. The case went through the court system until the Oregon Supreme Court dismissed Buchanan's claim that the Oregon Constitution protected her. In 1968 the U.S. Supreme Court refused to grant certiorari.
Subsequently, the Oregon Legislative Assembly passed a journalistic shield law (ORS 44.510 through 44.540). The Oregon Shield Law provides extensive protection for all members of the news and information media. The statute provides absolute protection from compelled disclosure of both sources and all information obtained by journalists in the course of their work. It is not clear whether the journalist must have promised confidentiality for the source of information to be covered by the law. The only exceptions to the Oregon statute exist where: (1) there is probable cause to believe that the journalist has or is about to commit a crime or (2) where the defendant in a defamation suit has asserted a defense based on the content or source of the information.
On March 3, 2009, following a management dispute between student staffers and the paper's board of directors, newsroom members at the Oregon Daily Emerald decided to strike, citing board actions as threatening to the independence of the Emerald. They issued four demands to the board at its scheduled executive session on March 3, and printed an editorial in the paper the following day that also contained the requests. The demands were as follows:
- Immediately rescind the offer to Steven A. Smith to serve as interim publisher April 1, 2009 through June 30, 2010.
- Conduct a nationwide search for a publisher, as originally voted at the February 10 board meeting.
- Stipulate in the chosen publisher's contract that he or she shall not be employed in any capacity by the University, including at the School of Journalism and Communication.
- Stipulate in the chosen publisher's contract that he or she shall not have immediate supervisory control over the editor; rather, the publisher and student editor shall remain equals in the organization, as the general manager and student editor currently are.
On March 4, 2009, Steven Smith announced his intention to "withdraw from the fray" following notification of the student strike. The Board of Directors later stated their intention to conduct a nationwide search. The Oregon Daily Emerald published a newspaper on the morning of March 5, 2009, without the contributions of the newsroom staff. A flurry of media coverage on the strike ensued throughout the day. Following statements of support for the strikers by the Associated Students of the University of Oregon, community members and other student publications around the United States, the Board of Directors and the newsroom staff agreed to engage in a mediation process the following week to fully resolve the situation. The newsroom staff agreed to end the strike and resume publishing the newspaper on March 9, 2009.
In fall 2012, the Oregon Daily Emerald Publishing Company, Inc. transitioned to a new entity, the Emerald Media Group. Today, the Daily Emerald is online only; it is supplemented by publication of a news magazine twice per week.
- Richard L. Neuberger 1932-33, journalist, author, and Senator
- Paul Brainerd 1969-70, Pagemaker and desktop publishing creator, Aldus founder
- Grattan Kerans 1970-71, Oregon State Legislator
Notable former staff members
- Edge, Sami. (2014, February 13). "Charlie Weaver selected as new president and publisher of Emerald Media Group, Daily Emerald. Accessed: February 14, 2014.
- "Newsroom Staff", DailyEmerald.com. Accessed: June 18, 2015.
- "Distribution", DailyEmerald.com Accessed: October 19, 2012.
- "Advertising & Marketing", Emerald Media Group. Accessed: January 6, 2013.
- "Oregon Daily Emerald - About".
- State v. Buchanan, 436 P.2d 729 (Ore. 1968)
- "ORS 44.510 - Definitions for ORS 44.510 to 44.540 - 2011 Oregon Revised Statutes". Oregonlaws.org. 2012-03-25. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20061030115122/http://www.orenews.com/membser/op/OPFebruary2005.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 30, 2006. Retrieved February 18, 2016. Missing or empty
- "Oregon's "Shield Law" - Oregon Newspaper Publishers Association". Orenews.com. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- http://media.www.dailyemerald.com/media/storage/paper859/news/2009/03/04/News/Emerald.News.Staff.Strikes-3658778.shtml Archived March 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- "de beste bron van informatie over stillanewspaperman". stillanewspaperman.com. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- http://media.www.dailyemerald.com/media/storage/paper859/news/2009/03/05/News/Board.Of.Directors.Issues.Statement-3660461.shtml Archived March 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- http://media.www.dailyemerald.com/media/storage/paper859/news/2009/03/05/News/Asuo-Executive.Issues.Statement-3659431.shtml[dead link]
- "Blog Archive » Keep the ODE Independent". Oregon Commentator. 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20120213104800/http://cornellsun.com/section/opinion/content/2009/03/06/standing-behind-student-press. Archived from the original on February 13, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2016. Missing or empty
- https://web.archive.org/web/20090527021836/http://media.www.dailyemerald.com/media/storage/paper859/news/2009/03/06/News/Emerald.Newsroom.And.Board.Of.Directors.On.The.Same.Page-3663487.shtml. Archived from the original on May 27, 2009. Retrieved February 18, 2016. Missing or empty
- Alice Tallmadge (2012). "The Oregon
DailyEmerald". Oregon Quarterly. Archived from the original on 2014-03-31.
- "About the Emerald," DailyEmerald.com. Accessed: January 26, 2014.
- Ballhaus, Rebecca. (2012, July 9). "College Newspapers Go Digital-First, Innovate to Stay Relevant", HuffingtonPost.com
- Ellis, Justin. (2012, June 8). "Why the Oregon Daily Emerald is Transforming What It Means To Be a College Newspaper," Nieman Journalism Lab, Harvard University