Daimler-Benz DB 600
|DB 600A in a Heinkel He 111B nacelle|
|Type||Piston V12 aircraft engine|
|First run||Prototype F4A: 1932
first flight: December 1935
|Major applications||Messerschmitt Bf 109|
|Developed into||Daimler-Benz DB 601|
The Daimler-Benz DB 600 was a German aircraft engine designed and built before World War II as part of a new generation of German engine technology. It was a liquid-cooled inverted V12 engine, and powered the Messerschmitt Bf 110 and Heinkel He 111 among others. Most newer DB engine designs used in WW2 were based on this engine. The decision by the RLM to concentrate on manufacturing aircraft engines using fuel injection systems rather than carburettors meant that the DB 600 was quickly superseded by the otherwise similar DB 601. Later DB series engines grew in bore, stroke, and horsepower, including the DB 603 and DB 605, but were generally similar to the pattern created with the DB 600.
- DB 600 A/B
- 1,000 PS (986 hp, 735 kW) at 2400 rpm at sea-level with 5-minute Kurzleistung
- DB 600 C/D
- 850 PS (838 hp, 625 kW) at 2250 rpm at sea-level with 1-minute Erhöhte Kurzleistung
- 910 PS (898 hp, 669 kW) at 2400 rpm at 4,000 m (13,000 ft) with 5-minute Kurzleistung
- DB 600 Ga/Ha
- 1050 PS (1036 hp, 772 kW) at 2400 rpm at sea-level with 1-minute Erhöhte Kurzleistung
- 1050 PS (1036 hp, 772 kW) at 2400 rpm at 3,600 m (11,800 ft) with 5-minute Kurzleistung
- Arado Ar 197 V1. 1937 prototype - naval variant of Arado Ar 68.
- Dornier Do 17 S-0 Three pre-production aircraft.
- Focke-Wulf Fw 57
- Focke-Wulf Fw 187 V6.
- Heinkel He 60C One test aircraft.
- Heinkel He 111 V5: DB 600A, B-1, B-2: DB 600C, G-4: DB 600G, G-5: DB 600C, J-1: DB 600C
- Heinkel He 112 V7, V8.
- Heinkel He 114 Three He 114 B-2 exported to Romania.
- Junkers Ju 90 V1.
- Henschel Hs 128 V1. Twin engine, pressurised cockpit, high-altitude research aircraft.
- Messerschmitt Bf 109 V10 through V14. Prototypes.
- Messerschmitt Bf 110 V1, V2, V3. Prototypes.
- Messerschmitt Bf 162 V1, V2.
Specifications (DB 600C)
Data from 
- Type: Twelve-cylinder liquid-cooled supercharged 60° inverted Vee aircraft piston engine
- Bore: 150 mm (5.9 in)
- Stroke: 160 mm (6.3 in)
- Displacement: 33.9 l (2,070.5 in3)
- Length: 1,720 mm (68 in)
- Width: 712 mm (28.0 in)
- Height: 1,000 mm (39 in)
- Dry weight: 575 kg (1,268 lb)
- Valvetrain: Two intake and two sodium-cooled exhaust valves per cylinder actuated via a single overhead camshaft per bank
- Supercharger: Gear-driven single-stage single-speed centrifugal supercharger
- Fuel system: Four two-barrel carburetors
- Fuel type: 87-octane gasoline
- Oil system: Dry sump with one pressure and two scavenge pumps
- Cooling system: Liquid-cooled, ethylene glycol
- Reduction gear: Spur, 0.53:1
- Power output: 773 kW (1,050 PS or 1,036 hp) at 2,400 rpm for takeoff
- Specific power: 22.8 kW/l (0.5 hp/in³)
- Compression ratio: 6.8:1
- Specific fuel consumption: 302-315 g/(kW•h) (0.50-0.52 lb/(hp•h))
- Oil consumption: 7-11 g/(kW•h) (0.18-0.28 oz/(hp•h))
- Power-to-weight ratio: 1.34 kW/kg (0.82 hp/lb)
- Related development
- Comparable engines
- Allison V-1710
- Hispano-Suiza 12Y
- Isotta-Fraschini Asso XI
- Junkers Jumo 210
- Junkers Jumo 211
- Klimov M-103
- Klimov M-105
- Mikulin AM-35
- Rolls-Royce Merlin
- Related lists
- Tsygulev (1939). Aviacionnye motory voennykh vozdushnykh sil inostrannykh gosudarstv (Авиационные моторы военных воздушных сил иностранных государств) (in Russian). Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe voennoe izdatelstvo Narkomata Oborony Soyuza SSR.
- Green, William. The Augsburg Eagle: A Documentary History - Messerschmitt Bf 109. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishing Group Ltd. 1980. ISBN 0-7106-0005-4
- Smith, J R and Kay, Anthony L. German Aircraft of the Second World War. London: Putman & Company Ltd. 1972 ISBN 0-370-00024-2
- Neil Gregor Daimler-Benz in the Third Reich. Yale University Press, 1998
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