Daiquiri

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Daiquiri
IBA official cocktail
Classic Daiquiri in Cocktail Glass.jpg
Classic Daiquiri served in a cocktail glass
TypeCocktail
Primary alcohol by volume
ServedStraight up; without ice
Standard drinkware
Cocktail Glass (Martini).svg
Cocktail glass
IBA specified
ingredientsdagger
PreparationPour all ingredients into shaker with ice cubes. Shake well. Double Strain in chilled cocktail glass.
TimingHappy Hour / Summer drink
dagger Daiquiri recipe at International Bartenders Association

Daiquiri (/ˈdkəri, ˈdæk-/; Spanish: daiquirí [daikiˈɾi]) is a family of cocktails whose main ingredients are rum, citrus juice (typically lime juice), and sugar or other sweetener.

The daiquiri is one of the six basic drinks listed in David A. Embury's classic The Fine Art of Mixing Drinks, which also lists some variations.

Origins[edit]

Daiquirí is also the name of a beach and an iron mine near Santiago de Cuba, and is a word of Taíno origin.[1] The drink was supposedly invented by an American mining engineer, named Jennings Cox, who was in Cuba at the time of the Spanish–American War. It is also possible that William A. Chanler, a US congressman who purchased the Santiago iron mines in 1902, introduced the daiquiri to clubs in New York in that year.[2]

Originally the drink was served in a tall glass packed with cracked ice. A teaspoon of sugar was poured over the ice and the juice of one or two limes was squeezed over the sugar. Two or three ounces of white rum completed the mixture. The glass was then frosted by stirring with a long-handled spoon. Later the daiquiri evolved to be mixed in a shaker with the same ingredients but with shaved ice. After a thorough shaking, it was poured into a chilled coupe glass.

Consumption of the drink remained localized until 1909, when Rear Admiral Lucius W. Johnson, a U.S. Navy medical officer, tried Cox's drink. Johnson subsequently introduced it to the Army and Navy Club in Washington, D.C., and drinkers of the daiquiri increased over the space of a few decades. It was one of the favorite drinks of writer Ernest Hemingway and President John F. Kennedy.[3]

The drink became popular in the 1940s.[citation needed] World War II rationing made whiskey and vodka hard to come by, yet because of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy rum was easily obtainable because the policy opened up trade and travel relations with Latin America, Cuba and the Caribbean. The Good Neighbor policy, also known as the Pan-American program, helped make Latin America fashionable. Consequently, rum-based drinks (once frowned upon as being the choice of sailors and down-and-outs), also became fashionable, and the daiquiri saw a tremendous rise in popularity in the US.

The basic recipe for a daiquiri is also similar to the grog British sailors drank aboard ship from the 1740s as a means of preventing scurvy. By 1795 the Royal Navy daily grog ration contained rum, water, ¾ ounce of lemon or lime juice, and 2 ounces of sugar.[4] This was a common drink across the Caribbean, and as soon as ice became available this was included instead of the water.

Variations[edit]

  • Hemingway daiquiri (Hemingway Special)– or papa doble – two and a half jiggers of white rum, juice of two limes and half a grapefruit, six drops of maraschino liqueur, without sugar.[5]
  • Banana daiquiri – regular daiquiri with half a banana.[6]
  • Avocado daiquiri – regular daiquiri with half an avocado.[7]
Strawberry daiquiri by Rey del Mojito

Frozen daiquiri[edit]

A wide variety of alcoholic mixed drinks made with finely pulverized ice are often called frozen daiquirí. These drinks can also be combined and poured from a blender, eliminating the need for manual pulverisation and producing a texture similar to a smoothie. On larger scales, such drinks are often commercially made in larger machines, and come in a wide variety of flavors made with various alcohol or liquors.[citation needed] Another way to create a frozen daiquiri (mostly fruit-flavored variants) is by using frozen limeade, providing the required texture, sweetness and sourness all at once.[8]

Variations on the frozen daiquiri include:[9]

  • Old Rose Daiquiri: strawberry syrup and rum along with two teaspoons of sugar and lime juice
  • Mulata Daiquiri: rum mixed with either coffee or chocolate liqueur and with fresh lime juice and sugar syrup[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ The United Confederation of Taíno People. "Taíno Dictionary" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
  2. ^ Thomas, Lately. A pride of lions: the Astor orphans; the Chanler chronicle, W. Morrow, 1971; p. 168.
  3. ^ Salvatore Calabrese (2002). Complete Home Bartender's Guide. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. p. 76.
  4. ^ Stephen R. Bown (2003). Scurvy. Thomas Dunne Books. p. 181. ISBN 0-312-31391-8.
  5. ^ Hotchner, A. E. (2005). Papa Hemingway: A Personal Memoir. Da Capo Press. p. 5. ISBN 9780306814273.
  6. ^ "Banana Frozen Daiquiri". International Bartender Association. Archived from the original on June 25, 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  7. ^ "Avocado daïquiri ou daïquiri à l'avocat".
  8. ^ "Strawberry Daiquiri". MyBestCocktails.
  9. ^ "Daiquiri Collection from Havana Club Rum". Archived from the original on 2011-01-13.
  10. ^ Difford's Guide, "Mulata Daiquiri", www.diffordsguide.com
Bibliography

External links[edit]