This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (December 2018)
|Directed by||Věra Chytilová|
|Produced by||Rudolf Hájek|
|Screenplay by||Věra Chytilová|
|Story by||Věra Chytilová|
|Music by||Jiří Šlitr|
|Edited by||Miroslav Hájek|
|Distributed by||Ústřední Půjčovna Filmů|
Daisies (Czech: Sedmikrásky) is a 1966 Czechoslovak comedy-drama surrealist film written and directed by Věra Chytilová. Generally regarded as a milestone of the Czechoslovak New Wave movement, it follows two young girls (Jitka Cerhová and Ivana Karbanová), both named Marie, who engage in strange pranks.
The opening sequence is that of a spinning flywheel with shots of airplanes strafing the ground. The shots of the airplanes are from US Navy footage shot in the Pacific Theatre during World War II. The first scene shows the two main characters sitting in bathing suits. Their conversation is robotic and from that point on they decide to be bad. The next scene shows Marie I and Marie II dancing in front of a tree. The tree has many fruits and resembles the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Once Marie I eats from the tree, they both fall and appear in their apartment. Marie II attempts suicide by filling the room with gas, but fails because she left the window open.
In an extended sequence of scenes, the girls go on dates with a series of older men. In each scene, the girls cavort and eat much food while mocking their date, who is driven to the end of his patience, at which point the girls say that they are late for a train, and then ditch the man at the train station.
The girls eventually go to a nightclub with 1920s-style dancers and cause a ruckus. Marie II also goes to the apartment of a man who is a butterfly collector. In this scene, many butterflies are shown as still frames. The man repeatedly declares his love to Marie II, whom he calls Julie. At the end, she says that she wants to eat. In later scenes, the two girls lounge about in various rooms while listening to their suitors profess love for them over the phone. These scenes are accompanied by footage of the girls destroying phallic food, as well as eggs.
At one point, the girls meet an older woman, who begs them to stay for a bit, and remarks on how she misses her youth. The girls wait for her to step out, then rob her and leave, after which they philosophize about their actions.
Later on, they go to a factory. There are still frames of locks, and the building looks run down. They look for "nourishment" and stumble upon a feast. They eat the food, make a mess and destroy the room. They destroy a chandelier, and the film cuts to them being dunked in water like witches, as the director states how there can be no "clean resolution" to the destructive dinner. The Maries return to the dining room, and attempt to clean the room while whispering about being good and hardworking, and that this will make them happy. This is not enough, as the chandelier falls on the Maries, presumably crushing them.
The film closes with war footage similar to the beginning, and ends with an epigraph that the film is "dedicated to those who get upset only over a stomped-upon bed of lettuce".
- Jitka Cerhová as Marie I
- Ivana Karbanová as Marie II
- Marie Češková as Woman in the bathroom
- Jiřina Myšková as Toilet lady
- Marcela Březinová as Toilet lady
- Julius Albert as Older dandy
- Oldřich Hora as Dandy
- Jan Klusák as Young dandy
- Josef Koníček as Dancer
- Jaromír Vomáčka as Happy gentleman
Themes and style
Throughout the film, the two main characters muse about youth, happiness, existence, and the state of being spoiled. The film has very little in the way of plot structure, and scenes proceed from one to the next chaotically, frequently switching between black and white, color, and filter color footage. Many scenes include elements of slapstick, and the characters spend a significant amount of the film eating or playing with food.
The film was positively received by Czech audience and critics. Film critic Antonín J. Liehm wrote that Daisies was "a remarkable film not only for the viewers that appreciate its artistic significance, but also for those who just want to be entertained and might miss its magnitude on the first viewing". Author Milan Kundera called the film "masterly made" and wrote that the "monstrosity of the main characters was depicted elegantly, poetically, dreamlike and 'beautifully', but without becoming any less monstrous". It won the Trilobit Award for the Best Czechoslovak movie of 1966 by Film and TV Union. However after being criticized by the communist MP Jaroslav Pružinec during interpellations in May 1967, the film was pulled from all major cinemas for “depicting the wanton”, and was only screened in smaller venues.
The film was also very well received in Europe. French journalist Pierre Billard, writing for L'Express, compared the Daisies to Mack Sennett and Marx Brothers movies and called it "a grand celebration of absurdities with technical finesse and marvellous art direction so rarely achieved". In US press the reception was mostly negative. Bosley Crowther in New York Times wrote: "Pretentiously kookie and laboriously overblown mod farce about two playgirls who are thoroughly emptyheaded. Its stabs at humor and satire simply don't cut."
- Trilobit Award for the Best Czechoslovak movie of 1966.
- Grand Prix of the Belgian Film Critics Association for the best movie of 1968
- "Daisies". Filmový přehled. NFA. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
- Ladislav Kapek (1966). "Rozmluva o kytkách". Kino 21 (in Czech). No. 16. p. 9.
- Antonín J. Liehm (1968). "Sedmikrásky". Literární listy (in Czech). No. 5. p. 10.
- Milan Kundera (1967). "Můj tip. Film Sedmikrásky". Literární noviny (in Czech). No. 25. p. 2.
- "Československý film v zrcadle světové kritiky. Sedmikrásky". Film a doba (in Czech). No. 11. 1968. p. 569.
- Bosley Crowther (19 June 1967). "The Screen: Czechoslovak Showcase:Center, Museum Join in Festival Project". New York Times.
- "The 1,000 Greatest Films". They Shoot Pictures Don't They.