Daisy, Princess of Pless

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Daisy
Princess of Pless
Daisy von Pless.jpg
Born Mary Theresa Olivia Cornwallis-West
28 June 1873
Ruthin Castle, Denbighshire, Wales
Died 29 June 1943(1943-06-29) (aged 70)
Waldenburg, Silesia
(present-day Poland)
Spouse Hans Heinrich XV von Hochberg
Full name
Mary Theresa Olivia
House Hochberg (by marriage)
Father Col. William Cornwallis-West
Mother Mary "Patsy" FitzPatrick

Daisy, Princess of Pless (Mary Theresa Olivia; née Cornwallis-West; 28 June 1873 – 29 June 1943) was a noted society beauty in the Edwardian period, and a member of one of the wealthiest European noble families. Daisy and her husband Hans Heinrich XV were the owners of large estates and coal mines in Silesia (now in Poland) which brought the Hochbergs enormous fortune. Her extravagant lifestyle coupled with disastrous events and political and family scandals were tasty morsels for the international press.

Biography[edit]

Undated sketch of Daisy by John Singer Sargent

Born Mary Theresa Olivia Cornwallis-West at Ruthin Castle in Denbighshire, Wales, she was the daughter of Col. William Cornwallis-West (1835–1917) and his wife, Mary "Patsy" FitzPatrick (1856–1920).[1] Her father, born William West, was a great-grandson of John West, 2nd Earl De La Warr. Her mother was a daughter of Reverend Frederick FitzPatrick, himself a descendant of Barnaby Fitzpatrick, 1st Baron Upper Ossory[citation needed] (and thus the Kings of Osraige) and Lady Olivia Taylour, herself daughter of the 2nd Marquess of Headfort.

Memorial to Daisy in Pszczyna, Poland

During her marriage, Daisy, known in German as the Fürstin von Pless, became a social reformer and militated for peace with her friends William II, German Emperor and King Edward VII of the United Kingdom. During World War I she served as a nurse.

After her divorce at Berlin on 12 December 1922 she published a series of memoirs that were widely read in the United Kingdom, the United States, and, in the German language, on Continental Europe.

Hans Heinrich married as his second wife, at London on 25 January 1925, Clotilde de Silva y González de Candamo (1898–1978). This marriage produced two children, and was annulled in 1934. Subsequently, Clotilde married her stepson, Bolko, and was the mother of Daisy's and Hans Heinrich's only grandchildren.

Daisy's brother George in 1900 married Jennie Churchill, the mother of Winston Churchill, as his first wife, and after their divorce married in 1914 Mrs. Patrick Campbell, the actress, as his second. Her sister, Constance, married in 1901 Hugh Grosvenor, 2nd Duke of Westminster, and after their divorce she married in 1920 James FitzPatrick Lewes.

Marriage[edit]

On 8 December 1891, in London, she married Hans Heinrich XV, Prince of Pless, Count of Hochberg, Baron of Fürstenstein (1861–1938), one of the wealthiest heirs in the German Empire, becoming châtelaine of Fürstenstein Castle and Pless Castle in Silesia.

The couple had four children:[2][3]

  • Daughter (25 February 1893 – 11 March 1893).[4]
  • Hans Heinrich XVII William Albert Edward (2 February 1900 – 26 January 1984), Prince of Pless, Count von Hochberg and Baron of Fürstenstein. Married twice but had no issue.
  • Alexander Frederick William George Conrad Ernest Maximilian (1 February 1905 – 22 February 1984), Prince of Pless, Count von Hochberg and Baron of Fürstenstein. Unmarried and childless.
  • Bolko Conrad Frederick (23 September 1910 – 22 June 1936), who later caused an scandal by marrying his stepmother Clotilde de Silva y Gonzáles de Candamo (Hans Heinrich XV's second wife).

The Princess maintained her links with English society, appearing with her children in Country Life magazine.[5]

The Princess of Pless was a Dame of the Order of Theresa of Bavaria and of the Order of Isabella the Catholic of Spain, and was awarded the German Red Cross Decoration.[6]

The Diaries[edit]

The Private Diaries of Princess Daisy of Pless - 1873 - 1914, Edited by Major Desmond. Chapman-Huston, editor were first published in London by John Murray in 1931. This was the second selection from the diaries of Princess Daisy and, according to the introduction by the editor, was selected from a diary of 600,000 words. The diaries describe the life of a member of the European aristocracy. There are a number of indiscreet portraits of significant pre-war political and social figures. These portraits are not always discreet. The ambassador Metternich is described as dull and looking older than his age. In a diary entry dated 19 July 1905 the author exhibits anti-Semitic views. She describes a journey to Hamburg on a Hamburg-America liner. The accommodations were not to her liking and she described the ship as 'crammed full of awful American-German Jews'.

Death[edit]

Daisy, Princess of Pless, died in 1943 in relative poverty at Waldenburg, today Wałbrzych, Poland.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Princess Daisy of Pless, Princess Daisy of Pless by Herself, London, John Murray, 1929.
  • Princess Daisy of Pless, Better Left Unsaid, New York: E. P. Dutton, 1931.
  • Princess Daisy of Pless, What I Left Unsaid, New York: Cassell, 1936.
  • Princess Daisy of Pless, The Private Diaries of Princess Daisy of Pless - 1873 - 1914, D. Chapman-Huston, editor, London: John Murray, First Edition 1931, re-issued 1950.
  • Koch, John, Daisy Princess of Pless 1873-1943: A Discovery, W. John Koch Publishing, 2003, ISBN 0-9731579-0-9

External links[edit]

Ancestry[edit]