|The Great Gatsby character|
Daisy Buchanan as portrayed by Carey Mulligan
|Created by||Francis Scott Fitzgerald|
|Full name||Daisy Fay Buchanan (real name)|
|Family||Tom Buchanan (husband)
Pammy Buchanan (daughter)
|Significant other(s)||Tom Buchanan|
Daisy Fay was born into a wealthy Louisville family. By 1917, Daisy was courted by several officers, by which she met Jay Gatsby and the two fell in love. Before Gatsby left for war, Daisy promised to wait for him.
After Jay started attending Trinity College, Oxford, Daisy sent him a letter revealing that she had married Tom Buchanan. During the marriage, Daisy gave birth to the couple's daughter, Pammy, who Daisy had hoped would be "a beautiful little fool." After her cousin Nick Carraway arrived in East Egg, having a brief reunion with Daisy, he met Gatsby who at that point had spent years trying to become wealth so he could win Daisy's love and successfully set up a meeting between the two for the first time in five years.
At the Buchanan home, Daisy, Tom, Jordan, Nick and Gatsby decided to visit New York City, Tom taking Gatsby's yellow Rolls Royce with Jordan and Nick while Daisy and Gatsby drove alone. Once the group reached the city, they have a party in an expensive hotel suite that descends into a confrontation between Daisy, Tom and Gatsby. Though Gatsby insisted that Daisy never loved Tom, Daisy admits that she loved both Tom and Gatsby. The party ended with Daisy driving Gatsby out of New York City and Tom leaving with Nick and Jordan.
Myrtle mistook Daisy and Gatsby in the car for Tom, believing he had returned for her and was killed after running out to the vehicle and being struck, a panicked Daisy driving away from the scene of the incident. In her home in East Egg, Gatsby assured her that he would take the blame if the two were caught. Tom told George, Myrtle's husband, that it was Gatsby's car that killed Myrtle, which was followed by George going to Gatsby's home in West Egg and shooting both him and himself in a murder-suicide.
After Gatsby's murder, Daisy, Tom and their daughter left East Egg, having no forwarding address either. As Gatsby took the blame, Daisy did not tell anyone of her role in Myrtle's death, the only other living person knowing the truth being Nick.
Creation and conception
Daisy has been thought to be based on Ginevra King due to her similar wealthy background and association with Fitzgerald. Don Skemer argued that Ginerva "remained for Fitzgerald an archetype for the alluring, independent and upperclass woman, ultimately unattainable by someone of a modest social background like himself" and "was a model for Daisy Buchanan in The Great Gatsby and is recognizable in many other characters."
It has also been theorized that Daisy was based on F. Scott Fitzgerald's wife Zelda Fitzgerald, Theresa Anne Fowler writing of their similarities that both Daisy and Zelda had "the Southern upbringing, the prominent family. And it is no secret that Scott borrowed liberally from Zelda’s early diaries and their own life for his stories.
Daisy as a reference point
The figure of Daisy is in American culture is generally unfavorable. Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton was compared to Daisy by Maureen Dowd of The New York Times for speaking in a "soft, measured" voice only audible if one leans in. This was debunked by David Fiderer of The Huffington Post who wrote that Daisy only married Tom Buchanan for his wealth as opposed to Gatsby and added, "Daisy is a very passive and frivolous character who never thinks out the consequences of her actions. Daisy could not be more different than Hillary." Sarah Palin was called "a Daisy Buchanan for our time" by Will Bunch, who claimed Palin was like Daisy in being "a careless person, indeed, who tosses around words or images with nary a thought as to their effect, before she retreats back into her money or vast carelessness or whatever." Actress Carey Mulligan, who portrayed Daisy in the 2013 film adaptation, said Daisy was similar to members of the Kardashian family, later stating, "what I was trying to imply was that there’s an essence of part of the amazing business they run as the Kardashians is looking beautiful a lot and looking very present, presentational and perfect.”
In the 1974 film adaptation, Daisy is portrayed by Mia Farrow. A photo of Farrow portraying Daisy graced the cover of the first issue of People magazine in promotion of the then-upcoming film. In the photo, Farrow holds a string of pearls in her hand while the pearls are also in her mouth. It was later emulated in 2014 by Taylor Swift. Farrow's performance as Daisy was met with mixed reception, Bruce Handy of Vanity Fair praising Farrow as being "full of vain flutter and the seductive instant intimacy of the careless rich" while Leigh Paatsch of News.com.au thought Farrow missed Daisy "by a country mile." While Vincent Canby of The New York Times wrote favorably of Farrow as Daisy, he added that Daisy "may be an impossible role, one that is much more easily accepted on the page than on the screen."
In the 2013 film adaptation, Daisy is portrayed by Carey Mulligan. Mulligan had two 90-minute auditions, which she found to be fun and served as her initial encounters with Leonardo DiCaprio, who read with her both days. Mulligan left the audition, unsure she had secured the role, but was satisfied to have played off DiCaprio. Mulligan read the novel in preparation for auditioning for the role, finding the book to be accessible due to its length. Mulligan was familiar with the dislike some readers of The Great Gatsby had for the character, but felt she could not "think that about her, because I can't play her thinking she's awful." Mulligan strayed from watching Farrow's prior portrayal of Daisy, believing she might steal from Farrow's performance subconsciously for her own. Baz Luhrmann confirmed Mulligan had been cast as Daisy in December 2010, the month after she acquired the role. Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter in his review of the film wrote that viewers had their own ideals about Daisy's character and would debate whether Mulligan "has the beauty, the bearing, the dream qualities desired for the part, but she lucidly portrays the desperate tear Daisy feels between her unquestionable love for Gatsby and fear of her husband."
Phyllis Kirk portrayed Daisy in an episode of the television series Robert Montgomery Presents adapting The Great Gatsby. Jeanne Crain played Daisy in an episode of the television series Playhouse 90. Mira Sorvino played Daisy in the 2000 film adaptation. Tricia Paoluccio portrayed Daisy in the episode "Novel Reflections: The American Dream" on the television series American Masters.
Daisy is portrayed by Madeleine Herd in an adaptation by Independent Theater productions.
Reception to Daisy has been mixed. An afterward in the 1992 edition of the novel by publisher Charles Scribner III claimed that Fitzgerald blamed the initial commercial failure of The Great Gatsby on it containing "no important woman character and women control the fiction market at present.” The line was inferred that Fitzgerald did not believe it contained any sympathetic female characters. Katie Baker of The Daily Beast concluded that though Daisy lives and Gatsby dies, "in the end both Gatsby and Daisy have lost their youthful dreams, that sense of eternal possibility that made the summertimes sweet. And love her or hate her, there’s something to pity in that irrevocable fact."
Daisy as a role model has been critiqued. After the release of the 2013 film adaptation, Carlie Lindower wrote that while she understood why Daisy was looked up to by some female readers of the novel, Daisy should not be compared to the "heroines of our day" since she was no longer contemporary in being "molded into her specific state of dependence from an old model." Lindower furthered that she was a pawn in Gatsby's life for him to put his hopes and dreams on and that her weakness was "integral to the novel’s plot and understandable for its setting." Ella Ceron of Though Catalog found Daisy to be "a classic Susan Glenn", defining Susan Glenn as an enigma a man forgets from his boyhood days and also adding, "You shouldn’t want to be a man’s Daisy Buchanan because even if somebody loves you enough to take the fall for your wrongdoings, the fact that you let them says a lot more about you than it does about them."
- Stevens, Ruth (September 7, 2003). "Before Zelda, there was Ginevra". Princeton.
- Fowler, Theresa Anne (March 31, 2013). "Rehabilitating Zelda Fitzgerald, the original It Girl". Telegraph.
- Dowd, Maureen (January 2, 2008). "Design or Reign?". The New York Times.
- Fiderer, David (January 4, 2008). "Maureen Dowd, and The Women of Washington Who Project on to Hillary". The Huffington Post.
- Bunch, Will (January 12, 2011). "Palin talks "accountability," doesn't take any". Media Matters for America.
- Miller, Julie (May 1, 2013). "Frighteningly, Carey Mulligan Used the Kardashians as Inspiration for Playing Daisy Buchanan in The Great Gatsby". Vanity Fair.
- Willis, Jackie (October 8, 2014). "Taylor Swift Recreates Mia Farrow's 1974 'People' Cover". Entertainment Tonight.
- Schlosser, Kurt (October 8, 2014). "Taylor Swift channels Mia Farrow for People's 40th anniversary cover".
- Handy, Bruce (April 26, 2013). "As Baz Luhrmann’s Great Gatsby Arrives, a Look Back At Its Failed 1974 Predecessor". Vanity Fair.
- Paatsch, Leigh (May 13, 2013). "Gatsby vs Gatsby: Di Caprio vs Redford. Which version is the greatest?". News.com.au.
- Canby, Vincent (March 28, 1974). "The Great Gatsby (1974) - A Lavish 'Gatsby' Loses Book's Spirit:The Cast". The New York Times.
- Peikert, Mark (May 9, 2013). "Carey Mulligan Is More Than a Movie Star in 'The Great Gatsby'". Backstage.
- Vancheri, Barbara (May 10, 2013). "Carey Mulligan had to find good side of Daisy". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- Fleming Jr., Mike. "Baz Luhrmann Tells Deadline: Carey Mulligan Is My Daisy Buchanan".
- Schillaci, Sophie (May 9, 2013). "'Gatsby': Carey Mulligan Addresses Daisy's 'Flawed' Character, 'Hates' Watching Her Own Work (Video)". Hollywood Reporter.
- Lenny, Barry (September 6, 2015). "BWW Review: THE GREAT GATSBY Recreates The Jazz Age In High Society Circles". BroadwayWorld.
- Baker, Katie (May 10, 2013). "The Problem With The Great Gatsby’s Daisy Buchanan". The Daily Beast.
- Lindower, Carlie (May 15, 2013). "'The Great Gatsby' Movie Review: Carey Mulligan's Daisy Buchanan No Role Model". Mic.
- "A Warning To The Girls Who Will Idolize Daisy Buchanan". Thought Catalog. May 8, 2013.