Dakar–Niger Railway

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Dakar-Niger Railway
Carte géographique de la Chemin de fer Dakar-Niger.png
Map of the Dakar–Niger Railway
Overview
TypeHeavy rail
TerminiDakar, Senegal
Koulikoro, Mali
StationsDakar, Thiès, Tambacounda, Kayes, Kita, Kati, Bamako, Koulikoro
Operation
OpenedJanuary 1, 1924
Technical
Track length1,287 km (799.70 mi)
Number of tracksDouble track between Dakar and Thiès
Single track otherwise
Track gauge1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge
Operating speed65 km/h (40 mph)
Route map

The Dakar–Niger Railway connects Dakar, Senegal to Koulikoro, Mali. The name refers to the Niger River, not the Republic of Niger. It serves many cities in Senegal, including Thiès, and in Mali, including Kayes, Kita, Kati, Bamako. The line covers a course of 1,287 km of which 641 km lies in Mali. The line is managed by the Transrail consortium.

As of 2013 passenger services in Mali were only being offered three days between Bamako and Kayes via Kati and Diamou.[1] There were no international passenger trains in operation in 2014 but passenger services in Senegal existed between Dakar and Thiès.[2]

History[edit]

Construction[edit]

A train traveling along the railroad c. 1908

Construction work on the Dakar–Niger Railway began at the end of the 19th century under the French general Gallieni, commander of French Sudan.

A French colonial railroad inspector and three unidentified men in 1904

The railroad connected the Niger River with the port of Dakar, allowing the transport of raw materials across the globe. The line was completed at the beginning of the 20th century, the Kayes-Koulikoro section being inaugurated in 1904. However,the final section of the line did not open until 1924.

1947 strike[edit]

In 1947, the railroad workers went on a several-month strike to obtain the same rights as the French railwaymen. The successful strike was celebrated as a turning point in the anti-colonial struggle by Senegalese writer Ousmane Sembène in his 1960 novel, Les bouts de bois de Dieu.

Post-independence operation[edit]

With the independence of Mali and Senegal, after the break-up of the Mali Federation, control of the railroad was divided between two national organisations, the Régie des Chemin de fer du Mali (RCFM) and the Régie des Chemins de Fer du Sénégal.[3]

An agreement between Senegal and Mali in 1962 determined the common exploitation of the line by the two railway companies.

Accidents[edit]

An accident, which happened on 13th of May 2009, killed five and injured thirty-seven, when a Dakar bound train came off the tracks between Bala and Goudiry in Tambacounda Region, Senegal. Four carriages reportedly overturned, but no official cause has been determined.[4]

Current status[edit]

Train station in Tambacounda, 2009

In October 2003, Senegal and Mali privatised the railway following pressure from the World Bank. The Transrail Consortium, a Franco-Canadian management consortium, took over management of the line, changing hands several times. [5] Management issues and a lack of investment led to serious degradation of the infrastructure and rolling stock and numerous delays. In Senegal, the maximum speed of the trains in many places have been limited to 20 km/h due to the bad state of the tracks.

Despite Transrail's obligation to maintain a passenger service, they concentrated on the transport of goods. Many stations have been closed and the numbers of connections reduced, creating difficulties for isolated communities. Apart from the petit train de banlieue, twice-daily service between Dakar and Thiès, passenger services have been suspended since the 2009 accident.[5]

Transrail was bought in 2007 by the Belgian company Vecturis.[6] The line has not operated since May 2010.[7] In 2015, the governments of Mali and Senegal reached an agreement with China Railway Construction Corp (International) to restore the respective parts of the line. The concession to Transrail was terminated, and a new entity, Dakar Bamako Ferroviaire was to take its place.[8]

Statistics[edit]

"Tableau comparative des exportations par rail"[9] No sources are given for any of this data, which shows the number of tons of different products exported in various years:

Station of Kati
Product 1924 1934 1952-3 1955-6
Shelled peanuts - 7,422 7,250 -
Peanuts in shells 4,125 1,990 55,000 147,900
Gum arabic 936 1,196 1,000 1,500
Karité 416 2690 9,750 -
Animal skins 787 841 10,000 -
Cotton - 185 - 18,200
Millet 236 - - 850,000
1968[3]
Passengers 3,574,000
Freight (in tonnes) 1,548,000

Technical[edit]

  • Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  • Brakes: The railway uses vacuum brakes.[10]
  • Couplers: Buffers and Chain, European.[11] - see loco CC2286.
  • Highest point 1,515 feet (462 m) near Bamako.

Branch lines[edit]

There are a number of branch lines including:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mali, Seat 61, http://www.seat61.com/Senegal.htm#.U2JXgMfEc7A
  2. ^ DW, 'Dakar-Niger' – Slow death of a railway line, 18 April 2014, http://www.dw.de/dakar-niger-slow-death-of-a-railway-line/g-17578058
  3. ^ a b Sampson 1972.
  4. ^ At least five die as train derails in Senegal. 14 May 2009.
  5. ^ a b (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "'Dakar-Niger' – Slow death of a railway line | DW | 18.04.2014". DW.COM. Retrieved 2018-08-07.
  6. ^ Transrail[permanent dead link] (in French)
  7. ^ "Le chemin de fer sénégalais" (in French). au-senegal.com. Retrieved 16 Jan 2014.
  8. ^ Ltd, DVV Media International. "New operator for Dakar – Bamako railway". Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  9. ^ Jean-Claude Faur: La mise en valeur ferroviaire de l'AOF (1880-1939). Paris: Université de Paris, 1969 (=Thesis)
  10. ^ "sulzer engines in french west africa, senegal". www.derbysulzers.com. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  11. ^ "espacetrain.com". Retrieved 27 September 2018.

External links[edit]