Dakota County, Nebraska

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Dakota County
Dakota County courthouse in Dakota City
Dakota County courthouse in Dakota City
Map of Nebraska highlighting Dakota County
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°23′N 96°34′W / 42.39°N 96.56°W / 42.39; -96.56
Country United States
State Nebraska
Founded7 March 1855
Named forDakota people
SeatDakota City
Largest citySouth Sioux City
Area
 • Total267 sq mi (690 km2)
 • Land264 sq mi (680 km2)
 • Water3.2 sq mi (8 km2)  1.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2020)
21,582
 • Density76.5/sq mi (29.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitewww.dakotacountyne.org

Dakota County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 21,582.[1] Its county seat is Dakota City.[2]

Dakota County is part of the Sioux City, IA–NE–SD Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In the Nebraska license plate system, Dakota County is represented by the prefix 70 (it had the 70th-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922). In August 2009, the Dakota County Board of Commissioners reversed a decision to abandon this system for alphanumeric plates upon introduction of new license plates in 2011.[3] Douglas, Lancaster, and Sarpy Counties remain the only counties with alphanumeric plates in the state.[4]

History[edit]

Succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples lived along the Missouri River for millennia. By 1775, the Omaha people had migrated west of the Missouri, where they established a major settlement, Ton-wa-tonga, (the Big Village). It had some 1100 residents. From here, the Omaha controlled fur trading on the upper Missouri River with other tribes and with French-Canadian traders, often called voyageurs. The Omaha were the first of the Northern Plains tribes to have adopted an equestrian culture.[5]

Dakota County was formed by European-American settlers in 1855. They named it after the Dakota Sioux tribe, who were powerful in the area of Nebraska and South Dakota at the time.[6] By this time, the Omaha were concentrated further south in what became the state of Nebraska.

In 1885, the county went to the United States Supreme Court in Dakota County v. Glidden over a dispute with issuing bonds.

As of May 2020, the county had the second-highest per capita COVID-19 infection rate of any American county. About one of every 14 residents has tested positive, mostly at Tyson's large meat packing plant in Dakota City. There were 1452 cases reported as of May 11, 2020.[7] This had increased by 4 July 2020, to 1634 cases, and 38 deaths, giving Dakota County the highest per capita death rate to that date.[8]

Geography[edit]

Dakota County lies on the northeast line of the Nebraska state line. Its northeast boundary line abuts the southwest boundary lines of the states of South Dakota and Iowa, across the Missouri River. The county terrain consists of rolling prairies and bottom lands.[9]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has an area of 267 square miles (690 km2), of which 264 square miles (680 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) (1.2%) is water.[10] It is the second-smallest county in Nebraska by area.

Dakota county and features

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860819
18702,040149.1%
18803,21357.5%
18905,38667.6%
19006,28616.7%
19106,5644.4%
19207,69417.2%
19309,50523.5%
19409,8363.5%
195010,4015.7%
196012,16817.0%
197013,1378.0%
198016,57326.2%
199016,7421.0%
200020,25321.0%
201021,0063.7%
2018 (est.)20,083[11]−4.4%
US Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2020 United States Census The racial makeup of the county was 43.3% non-hispanic white, 7.4% African American, 2.8% Asian and 40.8% hispanic.

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,006 people and 7,314 households residing in the county. The racial makeup of the county was 85% White, 4.8% Black or African American, 4.1% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.6% Pacific Islander, and 2.2% from two or more races. 39.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Non-Hispanic Whites were 48.4% of the population.

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 20,253 people, 7,095 households, and 5,087 families residing in the county. The population density was 77 people per square mile (30/km2). There were 7,528 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 78.84% White, 0.62% Black or African American, 1.86% Native American, 3.08% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 12.91% from other races, and 2.62% from two or more races. 22.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.0% were of German and 10.5% Irish ancestry.

There were 7,095 households, out of which 39.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.30.

The county population contained 30.50% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, and 9.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,834, and the median income for a family was $43,702. Males had a median income of $28,341 versus $22,035 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,125. About 9.20% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.60% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Dakota County voters have leaned Republican for several decades. From 1952, the county has selected the Republican Party candidate in over 80% of national elections, but the significant Hispanic population has led to the margins of victory not being as wide as those in most rural counties in the state.

United States presidential election results for Dakota County, Nebraska[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,926 57.59% 2,744 40.25% 147 2.16%
2016 3,616 57.59% 2,314 36.85% 349 5.56%
2012 3,094 50.42% 2,922 47.62% 120 1.96%
2008 3,292 51.47% 2,994 46.81% 110 1.72%
2004 3,526 53.30% 3,027 45.76% 62 0.94%
2000 3,119 51.46% 2,695 44.46% 247 4.08%
1996 2,592 43.31% 2,632 43.98% 761 12.72%
1992 2,793 43.21% 2,335 36.12% 1,336 20.67%
1988 2,744 48.17% 2,942 51.64% 11 0.19%
1984 3,467 57.76% 2,510 41.82% 25 0.42%
1980 3,165 57.67% 1,930 35.17% 393 7.16%
1976 2,631 52.67% 2,292 45.89% 72 1.44%
1972 2,879 62.22% 1,748 37.78% 0 0.00%
1968 2,383 56.60% 1,541 36.60% 286 6.79%
1964 1,906 41.80% 2,654 58.20% 0 0.00%
1960 2,977 56.13% 2,327 43.87% 0 0.00%
1956 2,516 53.08% 2,224 46.92% 0 0.00%
1952 2,643 57.38% 1,963 42.62% 0 0.00%
1948 1,379 36.76% 2,372 63.24% 0 0.00%
1944 1,703 46.13% 1,989 53.87% 0 0.00%
1940 2,140 46.91% 2,422 53.09% 0 0.00%
1936 1,264 29.52% 2,741 64.01% 277 6.47%
1932 863 21.92% 3,044 77.32% 30 0.76%
1928 1,709 49.35% 1,754 50.65% 0 0.00%
1924 1,235 39.38% 964 30.74% 937 29.88%
1920 1,525 62.58% 873 35.82% 39 1.60%
1916 612 36.45% 1,032 61.47% 35 2.08%
1912 408 28.53% 612 42.80% 410 28.67%
1908 729 48.96% 716 48.09% 44 2.96%
1904 855 63.52% 399 29.64% 92 6.84%
1900 692 46.35% 777 52.04% 24 1.61%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Dakota County license plates to keep No.70 Sioux City Journal August 18, 2009
  4. ^ Plate math: 70 follows 1, 2, 59 Archived 2012-07-12 at archive.today Omaha World-Herald June 8, 2009
  5. ^ Paulette W. Campbell, "Ancestral Bones: Reinterpreting the Past of the Omaha" Archived 2006-06-18 at the Wayback Machine, Humanities, November/December 2002, Vol. 23/No. 6, accessed 26 August 2011
  6. ^ "Dakota County, Nebraska" Archived 4 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine, National Association of County Executives, Retrieved on March 14, 2008.
  7. ^ See "Coronavirus in the U.S.: Latest Map and Case Count" The New York Times May 15, 2020.
  8. ^ Fox, Joe; Mayes, Brittany Renee; Schaul, Kevin; Shapiro, Leslie; Berkowitz, Bonnie (July 5, 2020). "At least 127,000 people have died from coronavirus in the U.S." washingtonpost.com. The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 5, 2020. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  9. ^ Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Dakota. II. A N. E. county of Nebraska" . The American Cyclopædia.
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  12. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  16. ^ Election Results

Coordinates: 42°23′N 96°34′W / 42.39°N 96.56°W / 42.39; -96.56