Takpa language

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Tawang Monpa
RegionIndia; Bhutan; Lhoka, Tibet
EthnicityTakpa people
Native speakers
9,100 in India (2006)[1]
2,000 in Bhutan (2011);[2] 1,300 in China (2000 census)[3]
Tibetan alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
dka – Dakpa
twm – Tawang Monpa

The Takpa or Dakpa language (Tibetan: དཀ་པ་ཁ་, Wylie: dak pa kha), Dakpakha, known in India as Tawang Monpa,[5] is an East Bodish language spoken in the Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh, claimed by Tibet as a part of Lho-kha Sa-khul, and in northern Trashigang District in eastern Bhutan, mainly in Chaleng, Phongmed Gewog, Yobinang, Dangpholeng and Lengkhar near Radi Gewog.[6][7] Van Driem (2001) describes Takpa as the most divergent of Bhutan's East Bodish languages,[8] though it shares many similarities with Bumthang. SIL reports that Takpa may be a dialect of the Brokpa language and that it been influenced by the Dzala language whereas Brokpa has not.[7]

Takpa is mutually unintelligible with Monpa of Zemithang and Monpa of Mago-Thingbu.[9] Monpa of Zemithang is another East Bodish language, and is documented in Abraham, et al. (2018).[10]

Wangchu (2002) reports that Tawang Monpa is spoken in Lhou, Seru, Lemberdung, and Changprong villages, Tawang District, Arunachal Pradesh.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ISO change request
  2. ^ Dakpa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Tawang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Dakpakha". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. ^ Hammarström (2015) Ethnologue 16/17/18th editions: a comprehensive review: online appendices
  6. ^ van Driem, George L. (1993). "Language Policy in Bhutan" (PDF). London: SOAS. Retrieved 2011-01-18.
  7. ^ a b "Dakpakha". Ethnologue Online. Dallas: SIL International. 2006. Retrieved 2011-01-18.
  8. ^ van Driem, George (2001). Languages of the Himalayas: An Ethnolinguistic Handbook of the Greater Himalayan Region. Brill Publishers.
  9. ^ Blench, Roger; Post, Mark (2011), (De)classifying Arunachal languages: Reconstructing the evidence (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-26
  10. ^ Abraham, Binny, Kara Sako, Elina Kinny, Isapdaile Zeliang. 2018. Sociolinguistic Research among Selected Groups in Western Arunachal Pradesh: Highlighting Monpa. SIL Electronic Survey Reports 2018-009.

External links[edit]