Dakshin Dinajpur district
|Dakshin Dinajpur district
দক্ষিণ দিনাজপুর জেলা
|District of West Bengal|
Location of Dakshin Dinajpur district in West Bengal
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Balurghat|
|• Assembly seats||Kushmandi, Kumarganj, Balurghat, Tapan, Gangarampur, Harirampur|
|• Total||2,219 km2 (857 sq mi)|
|• Density||750/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||73.86 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||950|
|Major highways||NH 34|
Dakshin Dinajpur (pron: ˈdəkʃɪɳ d̪indʒaːpuːr) or South Dinajpur (Bengali: দক্ষিণ দিনাজপুর জেলা) is a district of the Indian state of West Bengal. Created on 1 April 1992 by the division of the erstwhile West Dinajpur district, it comprises two subdivisions: Balurghat and Gangarampur. As of 2011 it was the least populous district of West Bengal (out of 19).
The erstwhile Dinajpur District, at the time of the partition of India, was split up into West Dinajpur district and East Dinajpur. The East Dinajpur district, now called Dinajpur, became part of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). The West Dinajpur district was enlarged in 1956, when States Reorganisation Act recommendations were implemented, with the addition of some areas of Bihar. The district was bifurcated into Uttar Dinajpur and Dakshin Dinajpur on 1 April 1992.
Dakshin Dinajpur is predominantly an agricultural district with large area of land being under cultivation. The district is drained by north-south flowing rivers like Atreyee, Purnabhaba, Tangon and Brahmani, to give rise to a sizeable, unorganized fishing community.
Dakshin Dinajpur is a "Non Industry" district having no large-scale industry. The first industry in medium scale sector got off to a start in the district in November 2003. Internet access is available from most of the cities, even though broadband connections are not available. There is one State Highway with only 3 km of National Highway No. 34 in the district. A new railway line has been laid between Eklakhi and Balurghat, the district headquarters. Train services was started on 30 December 2004.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Dakshin Dinajpur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the eleven districts in West Bengal currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
The district comprises two subdivisions: Balurghat and Gangarampurpur. Balurghat consists of Balurghat municipality and four community development blocks: Hili, Balurghat, Kumarganj and Tapan. Gangarampur subdivision consists of Gangarampur municipality and four community development blocks: Gangarampur, Banshihari, Harirampur and Kushmandi. Balurghat is the district headquarters. There are eight police stations, eight development blocks, two municipalities, 65 gram panchayats and 2317 villages in this district.
Other than municipality area, each subdivision contains community development blocs which are divided into rural areas and census towns. There are two urban units, both municipalities. Chak Bhrigu and Baidynathpara were two urban outgrowths noted in census 2001.
- Balurghat: municipality
- Hili (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 5 gram panchayats.
- Balurghat (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 11 gram panchayats.
- Kumarganj (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 8 gram panchayats.
- Tapan (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 11 gram panchayats.
- Gangarampur: municipality
- Gangarampur (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 11 gram panchayats.
- Bansihari (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 5 gram panchayats.
- Harirampur (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 6 gram panchayats.
- Kushmandi (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 8 gram panchayats.
- Kushmandi (SC) (assembly constituency no. 33),
- Gangarampur (assembly constituency no. 35),
- Tapan (ST) (assembly constituency no. 36),
- Kumarganj (assembly constituency no. 37),
- Balurghat (assembly constituency no. 38).
Tapan constituency is reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST) candidates. Kushmandi constituency is reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates. Along with one assembly constituency from North Dinajpur district, the six assembly constituencies of this district form the Balurghat (Lok Sabha constituency), which is reserved for SC candidates.
Impact of delimitation of constituencies
- Kushmandi (SC) (assembly constituency no. 37),
- Kumarganj (assembly constituency no. 38),
- Balurghat (assembly constituency no. 39),
- Tapan (ST) (assembly constituency no. 40),
- Gangarampur (SC) (assembly constituency no. 41) and
- Harirampur (assembly constituency no. 42).
Tapan constituency will be reserved for ST candidates. Kushmandi and Gangarampur constituencies will be reserved for SC candidates. Along with one assembly constituency from North Dinajpur district, the six assembly constituencies of this district will form the Balurghat (Lok Sabha constituency).
According to the 2011 census Dakshin Dinajpur district has a population of 1,670,931 with a Muslim population of 24.01%, roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau or the US state of Idaho. This gives it a ranking of 295th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 753 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,950/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.16%. Dakshin Dinajpur has a sex ratio of 954 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 73.86%.
Bengali is the principal language of the district. The principal communities are Hindus and Muslims, constituting the major portion of the population.
There is one engineering college but no medical college. There are a few good schools in Balurghat and Gangarampur. Many government schools exist throughout the district. Balurghat College is the most popular college in the district. A government-funded girls' college is in Balurghat. Balurghat has a law college and a B.Ed college. A college of agriculture has been set up under Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya at Majhian, 10 km from Balurghat. An agricultural Regional Research Station for Old Alluvial Zone under Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya is operating at Majhian.
- "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Uttar Dinajpur Website". Government of India Portal. Retrieved 2008-11-10.
- "Historical Perspective". Official website of South Dinajpur district from Government of India Portal. Retrieved 2008-11-10.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "Directory of District, Sub division, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008". West Bengal. National Informatics Centre, India. 2008-03-19. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 2008-11-08.
- "Census of India 2001, Final Population Totals, West Bengal, Rural Frame". West Bengal. Directorate of census operations. Retrieved 2008-11-09.
- "District Profile". Official website of the South Dinajpur district. Retrieved 2008-11-09.
- "Population, Decadal Growth Rate, Density and General Sex Ratio by Residence and Sex, West Bengal/ District/ Sub District, 1991 and 2001". West Bengal. Directorate of census operations. Retrieved 2008-11-09.
- "General election to the Legislative Assembly, 2001 – List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
- "Press Note, Delimitation Commission" (PDF). Assembly Constituencies in West Bengal. Delimitation Commission. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
||North Dinajpur district|
|Joypurhat, Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh|