Dalagang Bukid

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Dalagang Bukid
Directed by José Nepomuceno
Based on Dalagang Bukid
by Hermogenes Ilagan and Leon Ignacio
Starring Atang de la Rama
Marceliano Ilagan
Cinematography José Nepomuceno
Distributed by Malayan Movies
Release date
  • September 12, 1919 (1919-09-12) (Teatro de la Comedia)
  • September 25, 1919 (1919-09-25) (The Majestic)
Country Philippines
Language Silent
Budget ₱25,000[1]
Box office ₱90,000[1]

Dalagang Bukid (English: Country Maiden) is a 1919 Filipino silent film directed by José Nepomuceno. It is the first Filipino feature film to be locally produced in the Philippines. Like all of Nepomuceno's works, Dalagang Bukid is now a lost film.[2]


Dalagang Bukid is a story about a young flower vendor named Angelita (Atang de la Rama), who is forced by her parents to marry a wealthy old man, Don Silvestre, despite her love for Cipriano, a law student.

Angelita's parents are blind to her reciprocated love for Cipriano, as their shortage of money and consumption by various vices (gambling and cockfighting) make Don Silvestre's offer of marriage attractive. Don Silvestre is an old loan shark who visits cabarets and buys flowers from pretty young florists like Angelita. .

Meanwhile, Angelita and her brothers, who are working as shoe shiners at the threshold of the Church of the Holy cross, maintain the expenses of the house (and their parents' vices) with their labor. Don Silvestre, meanwhile, offers to arrange for Angelita to win a beauty contest in "La Vanguardia" in exchange for her hand in marriage. Her parents accept the offer and the date of the wedding is set for the next day, which will see the formal crowning of Angelita as the beauty queen.

However, Cipriano, who has just finished his studies, goes to Angelita's house just in time to prevent Angeita from entering Don Silvestre's car, which was to take her to the coronation ceremony. Instead of going to the event, Angelita and Cipriano go to the church, where they are wed in. After the wedding, they go to the coronation event together and announce their union as husband and wife. Don Silvestre faints upon learning the news.



On May 15, 1917, Nepomuceno bought his first film equipment from Albert Yearsley and Edward Meyer Gross. For the next two years, Nepomuceno practiced using the equipment in preparation for making the first locally produced feature film of the Philippines. He decided to adapt Hermogenes Ilagan's zarzuela titled Dalagang Bukid, which was successfully performing at the box office at the time. For the casting, he decided to use the original performers of the zarzuela, which included Atang de la Rama and Marceliano Ilagan, the latter being the brother of Hermogenes.


The film was released with English, Spanish, and Tagalog subtitles. During its theatrical run, leading actress de la Rama had to sing Nabasag ang Banga (a song which is a part of the film) for every screening of the film in Manila, along with three others playing a violin, a cornet, and a piano.[1]

Box office[edit]

Released on September 12, 1919, it was a major box-office success, earning 90,000 pesos from a budget of 25,000 pesos.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Quirino, Joe (1983). Don Jose and the Early Philippine Cinema: Volume One of the Trilogy "History of the Philippine Cinema" (1st ed.). Phoenix Publishing House, Inc. 
  2. ^ San Diego, Jr., Bayani (2011). "Media Report: Archivists reclaim 2 silent PH films 'pirated' by US; film fest opens Friday". SEAPAVAA Official Site. Archived from the original on 2014-06-23. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 

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