Dalbergia pseudobaronii

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Dalbergia pseudobaronii
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Dalbergia
Species:
D. pseudobaronii
Binomial name
Dalbergia pseudobaronii
R. Vig.

Dalbergia pseudobaronii [1] is a species of flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae. It is endemic to Madagascar.[2] Its leaves are similar to those of Dalbergia baronii, which gave the species its name.[2][3]

Description[edit]

Vegetative characters[edit]

Dalbergia pseudobaronii is a deciduous tree up to 25 m tall. The leaves are imparipinnate, 5–13 cm long, and have a hairy rachis. The 20–35 alternate leaflets are 0.5–2.3 cm long, mostly glabrous and glossy above, and densely pubescent beneath. The leaflets are coriaceous, with revolute margins, when dried on herbarium sheets.[2]

Generative characters[edit]

It forms terminal and axillary inflorescences that are paniculate and shorter than the subtending leaves. The flowers are white becoming yellowish, 4–5.5 mm long, and have a violin-shaped standard petal and pubescent gynoecium. The fruits are up to 12 cm long and 5 cm wide (among the largest in Malagasy Dalbergia), and contain a single seed. The pericarp is "net-veined, thickened, corky and fissured over the seed".[2]

Similar species[edit]

Habitat and distribution[edit]

Dalbergia pseudobaronii occurs in the Diana and Sava regions in north Madagascar.[1] It is mainly found along rivers and streams[2] such as the Manajeba, Mahavavy or Manambato rivers.[1] Fruiting collections have been recorded up to an altitude of 300 m.[1]

Uses[edit]

It produces a high-quality timber that is locally used for cabinet making.[2]

Conservation status[edit]

The IUCN Red List lists Dalbergia pseudobaronii as vulnerable.[4]Habitat loss and selective logging have resulted in population reduction.[2]

Due to overexploitation and the risk of confusion with similar species, Dalbergia pseudobaronii and other Dalbergia species from Madagascar were listed in CITES Appendix II[5] in 2013, currently with a zero export quota.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Dalbergia pseudobaronii". Catalogue of the Plants of Madagascar - Tropicos. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Bosser, J. & Rabevohitra, R. (2002). "Tribe Dalbergieae". In Du Puy, D.J. (ed.). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 353–355. ISBN 1-900347-91-1.
  3. ^ pseudo on Wiktionary
  4. ^ Du Puy, D. (1998). "Dalbergia pseudobaronii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T38280A10104926. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T38280A10104926.en. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  5. ^ "CITES appendices I, II and III". Convention on International Trade in Endagered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  6. ^ How CITES works