Dalbergia retusa

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Dalbergia retusa
Cocobolo chess pieces.jpg
chess pieces made from wood from Dalbergia retusa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Dalbergia
Species: D. retusa
Binomial name
Dalbergia retusa
Hemsl.
Synonyms[1]
  • Amerimnon lineatum (Pittier) Standl.
  • Amerimnon retusum (Hemsl.) Standl.
  • Dalbergia hypoleuca Pittier
  • Dalbergia lineata Pittier

Dalbergia retusa (Caviuna, Cocobolo, Cocobolo Prieto, Funeram, Granadillo, Jacarandáholz, Nambar, ñamba, Nicaraguan Rosewood, Palisander, Palissandro, Palo Negro, Pau Preto, Rosewood, Urauna) is a plant species in the genus Dalbergia. It is known to produce the wood called cocobolo. It is a fair-sized tree, reported to reach 20–25 m in height. This is probably the species contributing most of the wood in the trade. Because of the wood's great beauty and high value, the trees yielding this wood have been heavily exploited and are now rare outside national parks, reserves, and plantations.

Retusin, an O-methylated flavonoid, is produced by the tree.[2]

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