The ruins of the Abbey
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|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Dale Abbey is a village and civil parish in the borough of Erewash in Derbyshire in the East Midlands of England, 6 miles north east of Derby. The population of the civil parish as of the 2011 census was 1,351. Formerly known as Depedale or Deepdale, the village contains the remains of an abbey founded in the 12th or 13th century.
The north-west corner of the village is separately named as Dale, while the north-east corner is separately named as Dale Moor.
The Augustinian monks moved to Dale Abbey in 1162 from their previous home at Calke Abbey. A few years later they were joined by Premonstratensian canons from Tupholme and finally, a few years after this, by another group from Welbeck. All these attempts failed, primarily due to the isolation of the area and the lack of good arable land amidst the thick woodlands. From around the year 1199, the Abbey became well established enough—and with the acquisition of further lands, tithes and other properties—to survive for the next 340 years. Although a relatively large establishment, the abbey was home to no more than 24 canons. The Abbey provided priests at Ilkeston, Heanor, Kirk Hallam and Stanton by Dale. The Abbey owned around 24,000 acres (97 km2) of land. Much would have been leased or rented out or used for grazing or for the production of produce for the residents of the Abbey.
In 1539, the Act of Dissolution brought an end to almost four centuries of monastic life in the Dale. The remains comprise a 40-foot-high chancel window. Excavations have shown the church to have possessed transepts 100 feet in length, a crossing tower, a cloister 85 feet square and a nave of unknown length. Some of the remains of the building can be found in houses around the village. The last Abbot of Dale Abbey, John Bebe, died in 1540.
Sir Francis Pole of Radbourne took possession of Dale Abbey. The furnishings and fittings were either gradually sold off or stripped out and installed in other churches. Morley Church became home to some of the stained and painted glass, floor tiles and an entire porchway. The ornately carved font cover was installed in Radbourne Church while Chaddesden received a window frame. The font eventually found its way back to All Saints Church Dale Abbey in 1884 and the slabs upon which the canons walked for so many centuries can be found in the grounds of the church at the Moravian Settlement at Ockbrook.
The church of All Saint's, at just 26 by 25 feet, is probably one of the smallest in the country. It shares a roof with an adjoining farmhouse. Dating from the mid-12th century, it was altered in 1480. It contains a pulpit from 1634. The adjoining farmhouse may have been used as an infirmary for the Abbey. For some time before 1820 it was used as a pub called the Blue Bell, the bar being used as a vestry, with a door into the aisle. It was rebuilt in 1883. "...it is said the village inn was anciently under the same roof, and there was a door in the wall leading from the gallery into the house, through which the worshippers were accustomed to steal to refresh themselves." "The clergyman used to dress in the bar of the Blue Bell inn and enter the church through a now-blocked door."
Behind the church is an area of woodland. In the wood is Hermit Cave, hewn out of the sandstone cliff by a 12th-century Derby baker who wished to live a life as a recluse. It is well preserved, measuring 6 yards by 3 with a doorway, two windows, a peephole and a niche for a light.
The Carpenters' Arms opened in 1880 and the Methodist Chapel opened in 1902.
The Cat and Fiddle Mill is a post mill situated close to the village (). It has a small round house and covered platform at the top of the ladder.
Blue Bell Inn and the methodist society of Dale Abbey
The Blue Bell Inn was part of the old oratory, which is now the church and farmhouse at Dale Abbey. Before relocating to the Carpenter's Arms, the old Blue Bell Inn was the source of religious discord among the villagers of Dale Abbey. Rev.Joseph Thorpe Milner wrote in his 'Memoirs of the rev. Joseph Hollingworth' 'that there was a door in the wall, leading from the gallery into the house, through which, in ancient times worshippers were accustomed to steal to refresh themselves.' Milner suggests that the ancient villagers of Dale Abbey became divided on matters of religion. Many in the village prescribed to the instructions found in the 'King's Book of Sports', published in 1618. The 'Book of Sports' suggested that following the Sunday service that peoples of England should 'indulge in such recreations as dancing, archery, morrice dances, may-poles and other such amusements.'
For many others in the village, they were influenced by the purist religious teachings of Rev. John Hieron M.A, the Rector from Breadsall in 1644. The Rector of Breadsall had established a monthly lecture at Dale Abbey until his ejectment from the Establish Church for non-conformity. From this time on there was a strong devotion by the villagers of Dale Abbey to the Christian Faith.
The old Dale family of Hollingworth had been the publicans of the Blue Bell Inn and later established the Carpenter's Arms. In 1771, the first of John Wesley's ministry began calling upon Dale Abbey and the Hollingworth family. The first preacher to come to the village was Mr. S. Bardsley. Soon afterwards a society of Methodists was formed. Rev J. Taylor of the Methodist movement made comment that Mr. (William) Hollingworth became one of the first members of the Methodist Society to form in Dale Abbey in 1786. Mr. Hollingworth's grandson Rev. Joseph Hollingworth was to later become one of the more notable Methodist priests to circuit the midlands between 1802 and 1836. Before the construction of the Methodists chapel at Dale Abbey, an attentive congregation used to attend the barn of Mr. Joseph Hollingworth senior of Dale. The Hollingworth family of Dale originally came from the neighbouring village of Breadsall where they were publicans of the Old Hall Inn. This family are a junior scion of the Hollingworths of Hollingworth Hall in Cheshire who descend directly from 1240 to this time. Rev. Peter John Hollingworth AC, OBE, Archbishop of Brisbane and the 23rd Governor-General of Australia is a direct descendant of the Hollingworths of Dale Abbey.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Vision of Britain Through Time: Boundary Map of Dale Abbey CP/AP". Retrieved 2 March 2014.
- "The Wedding of Allan-A-Dale". The Baldwin Project. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- Bowler, Tony (23 June 1994). "A towering presence". Derby Express.
- White (1857). White's 1857 Directory of Derbyshire.
- "Country Life". 191 (40–44). Country Life Ltd. 1997.
- Wailes, Rex (1976). Windmills in England. Charles Skilton Ltd. ISBN 0-284-40007-6.
- McCrie, Thomas; Hetherington, William (1843). History of the Westminster Assembly of Divines.
- Milner, Joseph. Memoirs of the rev. Joseph Hollingworth. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- Peter Hollingworth
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