Dale Earnhardt

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This article is about the elder Dale Earnhardt. For his son, see Dale Earnhardt Jr.. For the racing team he founded, see Dale Earnhardt, Inc..
"Intimidator" redirects here. For other uses, see Intimidator (disambiguation).
Dale Earnhardt
DaleEarnhardtSunglassesDriversSuit.jpg
Earnhardt in the 1990s
Born Ralph Dale Earnhardt
(1951-04-29)April 29, 1951
Kannapolis, North Carolina, U.S.
Died February 18, 2001(2001-02-18) (aged 49)
Daytona Beach, Florida, U.S.[1]
Cause of death Basilar skull fracture
Height 6' 1" (1.85 m)
Weight 195 lbs (88 kg)
Achievements 1980, 1986, 1987, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994 Winston Cup Series Champion
1990, 1995, 1999, 2000 IROC Champion
1998 Daytona 500 winner
1995 Brickyard 400 winner
1987, 1989, 1990 Southern 500 winner
1986, 1992, 1993 Coca-Cola 600 winner
1990, 1994, 1999, 2000 Winston 500 winner
The Winston winner (1987, 1990, 1993)
Led Winston Cup Series in wins in 1987 and 1990
Led Winston Cup Series in poles in 1990
Winner of the first ever Budweiser Late Model Sportsman Series race in 1982
Led Busch Series in wins in 1986
Awards 1979 Winston Cup Series Rookie of the Year
2001 Winston Cup Series Most Popular Driver (posthumously)
Named as one of NASCAR's 50 Greatest Drivers (1998)
2002 Motorsports Hall of Fame Inductee
2006 International Motorsports Hall of Fame Inductee
2010 NASCAR Hall of Fame Inductee
NASCAR Sprint Cup Series career
676 races run over 27 years
2001 position 57th
Best finish 1st (1980, 1986, 1987, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994)
First race 1975 World 600 (Charlotte)
Last race 2001 Daytona 500 (Daytona)
First win 1979 Southeastern 500 (Bristol)
Last win 2000 Winston 500 (Talladega)
Wins Top tens Poles
76 428 22
NASCAR Xfinity Series career
136 races run over 13 years
Best finish 21st (1982)
First race 1982 Goody's 300 (Daytona)
Last race 1994 All Pro 300 (Charlotte)
First win 1982 Goody's 300 (Daytona)
Last win 1994 Goody's 300 (Daytona)
Wins Top tens Poles
21 75 7

Ralph Dale Earnhardt /ˈɜrnhɑrt/ (April 29, 1951 – February 18, 2001),[1] was an American race car driver and team owner, best known for his involvement in stock car racing for NASCAR. He began his career in 1975 in the World 600 at Charlotte Motor Speedway as part of the Winston Cup Series (now the Sprint Cup Series).

Considered one of the best NASCAR drivers of all time,[2] Earnhardt won a total of 76 Winston Cup races over the course of his career, including one Daytona 500 victory in 1998. He also earned seven NASCAR Winston Cup Championships, tying for the most all time with Richard Petty. His aggressive driving style earned him the nickname "The Intimidator".

On February 18, 2001, while participating in the Daytona 500 at Daytona International Speedway, Earnhardt was involved in a final lap collision and died of a basilar skull fracture at the age of 49.[3][4] He has been inducted into numerous halls of fame, including the inaugural class of the NASCAR Hall of Fame in 2010.[5]

Biography[edit]

Early and personal life[edit]

Earnhardt was born in Kannapolis, North Carolina, on April 29, 1951, to Martha Coleman and Ralph Earnhardt. He had German ancestry.[6] Earnhardt's father was then one of the best short-track drivers in North Carolina. Ralph won his one and only NASCAR Sportsman Championship in 1956 at Greenville Pickens Speedway in Greenville, South Carolina. Although Ralph did not want his son to follow in his footsteps, Earnhardt would not be persuaded to give up his dream of racing, dropping out of school to race. Ralph was a hard teacher for Earnhardt, and after Ralph died of a heart attack at his home in 1973, it took many years before Earnhardt felt as though he had finally "proven" himself to his father. Earnhardt had four siblings: two brothers, Danny and Randy (died 2013),[7] and two sisters, Cathy and Kaye.

At the age of 17, Earnhardt married his first wife Latane Brown in 1968. With Brown, Earnhardt had his first son, Kerry Earnhardt, in 1969. The couple were subsequently divorced in 1970. In 1971, Earnhardt married his second wife, Brenda Gee, the daughter of NASCAR car builder Robert Gee. With Gee, Earnhardt had two more children: a daughter, Kelley King Earnhardt, in 1972, and a son, Dale Earnhardt, Jr., in 1974. Not long after Dale Jr. was born, Dale Sr. and Brenda divorced. Earnhardt then married his third and last wife, Teresa Houston (Tommy Houston's niece), in 1982. She gave birth to their daughter Taylor Nicole Earnhardt in 1988; Taylor and her husband, Brandon Putnam, are professional rodeo performers.[8]

NASCAR career[edit]

Early Winston Cup career (1975–1978)[edit]

Earnhardt began his professional career in the Winston Cup in 1975, making his debut at Charlotte Motor Speedway in North Carolina in the longest race on the Cup circuit — the 1975 World 600. He drove an #8 Ed Niegre Dodge Charger and finished 22nd in that race, just one spot ahead of his future car owner, Richard Childress. Earnhardt competed in eight more races until 1979.

Rod Osterlund Racing (1979–1980)[edit]

When he joined car owner Rod Osterlund Racing, in a season that included a rookie class of future stars including Earnhardt, Harry Gant and Terry Labonte. In his rookie season, Earnhardt won one race at Bristol, captured four poles, scored eleven Top 5's and seventeen Top 10's, and finished seventh in the points standings despite missing four races due to a broken collarbone, winning Rookie of the Year honors.[9]

During his sophomore season, Earnhardt, now with 20-year-old Doug Richert as his crew chief, began the season winning the Busch Clash. With wins at Atlanta, Bristol, Nashville, Martinsville, and Charlotte, Earnhardt won his first Winston Cup points championship. To this day, Earnhardt had been the first (and only) driver in all of NASCAR Winston Cup history to follow a Rookie of the Year title with a NASCAR Winston Cup Championship the next season. He was also the third driver in NASCAR history to win both the Rookie of the Year and Cup Series championship, following David Pearson (1960, 1966) and Richard Petty (1959, 1964). Only six drivers have joined this exclusive club since: Rusty Wallace (1984, 1989), Alan Kulwicki (1986, 1992), Jeff Gordon (1993, 1995), Tony Stewart (1999, 2002), Matt Kenseth (2000, 2003), and Kevin Harvick (2001, 2014).

Rod Osterlund Racing, Stacy Racing, and Richard Childress Racing (1981)[edit]

In 1981, after Osterlund sold his team to J. D. Stacy, Earnhardt left for Richard Childress Racing, and finished the season seventh in the points standings but winless.

Bud Moore Engineering (1982–1983)[edit]

1983 racecar

The following year, at Childress's suggestion, Earnhardt joined car owner Bud Moore for the 1982 and 1983 seasons driving the No. 15 Wrangler Jeans-sponsored Ford Thunderbird (the only full-time Ford ride in his career). During the 1982 season, Earnhardt struggled. Although he won at Darlington, he failed to finish 15 races, and completed the season 12th in points, the worst of his career. He also suffered a broken knee cap at Pocono Raceway when he flipped after contact with Tim Richmond. In 1983, Earnhardt rebounded and won his first of 12 Twin 125 Daytona 500 qualifying races. Earnhardt won at Nashville and at Talladega, finishing eighth in the points standings.

Return to Richard Childress Racing (1984–2001)[edit]

1984–1985[edit]

After the 1983 season, Earnhardt returned to Richard Childress Racing, replacing Ricky Rudd in the #3. Rudd went to Bud Moore's No. 15, replacing Earnhardt. Wrangler sponsored both drivers at their respective teams. During the 1984 and 1985 seasons, Earnhardt went to victory lane six times, at Talladega, Atlanta, Richmond, Bristol (twice), and Martinsville, where he finished fourth and eighth in the season standings respectively.

1986–1987[edit]

The 1986 season saw Earnhardt win his second career Winston Cup Championship and the first owner's championship for RCR. He won five races and had ten Top 5's and sixteen Top 10's. Earnhardt successfully defended his championship the following year, going to victory lane eleven times and winning the championship by 489 points over Bill Elliott. In the process, Earnhardt set a NASCAR modern era record of four consecutive wins and won five of the first seven races. In the 1987 season, Earnhardt earned the nickname "The Intimidator" after spinning out Elliott in the final segment of "The Winston", a non-points event now known as the NASCAR Sprint All-Star Race. During this race, Earnhardt was briefly forced into the infield grass, but kept control of his car and returned to the track without giving up his lead. The maneuver is now referred to as the "Pass in the Grass", even though Earnhardt did not pass anyone while he was off the track.

1988–1989[edit]

The 1988 season saw Earnhardt racing with a new sponsor, GM Goodwrench, replacing Wrangler Jeans. During this season, Earnhardt garnered a second nickname — the "Man in Black", owing to the black paint scheme in which the No. 3 car was painted in. He was also called "Darth Vader" more than once because of the black uniform and car, adding to his notoriety as a driver who would wreck any car that he couldn't pass. He won three races in 1988, finishing third in the points standings behind Bill Elliott in first and Rusty Wallace in second. The following year, Earnhardt won five races, but a late spin out at North Wilkesboro arguably cost him the 1989 championship, as Rusty Wallace edged him out for it.

1990[edit]

As part of a Winston No Bull 5 fan contest, Earnhardt drives a Bomb Lift Truck and attempts to load an AIM-120 advanced medium-range air-to-air missile (AMRAAM) missile as he competes in a load crew competition at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, September 2000. Coincidentally, this position on a load crew is known unofficially as a "Jammer Driver" or more officially as a Number 3 man.

The 1990 season started for Earnhardt with victories in the Busch Clash and his heat of the Gatorade Twin 125's. Near the end of the Daytona 500, he had a four-second lead when the final caution flag came out with a handful of laps to go. When the green flag waved, Earnhardt was leading Derrike Cope. On the final lap, Earnhardt ran over a piece of metal, which was later revealed as a bell housing, in four 4, cutting down a tire. Cope, in an upset, won the race while Earnhardt finished fifth. The No. 3 Goodwrench-sponsored Chevy team took the flat tire which cost them the win and hung it on the shop wall as a reminder of how close they'd come to winning the Daytona 500.[10] Earnhardt went on to win nine races that season and won his fourth Winston Cup title, beating Mark Martin by 26 points. Earnhardt also became the first multiple winner of the annual all-star race, The Winston.

1991[edit]

The 1991 season saw Earnhardt win his fifth Winston Cup championship. This season, he scored four wins, and won the championship by 195 points over Ricky Rudd. One of his wins that year came at North Wilkesboro, in a race where Harry Gant had a chance to set a single-season record by winning his fifth consecutive race, breaking a record held by Earnhardt. Late in the race, Gant lost his brakes, which gave Earnhardt the chance he needed to make the pass for the win and maintain his record.

1992[edit]

Earnhardt's only win of the 1992 season came at Charlotte, in the Coca-Cola 600, ending a 13-race win streak by Ford teams. Earnhardt finished a career-low 12th in the points for the second time in his career, and the only time he had finished that low since joining RCR. Earnhardt still made the trip to the annual Awards Banquet with Rusty Wallace but did not have the best seat in the house. Wallace stated he and Earnhardt had to sit on the backs of their chairs to see and Earnhardt said "This sucks, I could have gone hunting".[11] At the end of the year, longtime crew chief Kirk Shelmerdine left to become a driver. Andy Petree took over as crew chief.

1993[edit]

Hiring Petree turned out to be beneficial, as Earnhardt returned to the front in 1993. Earnhardt once again came close to a win at the Daytona 500, and dominated Speedweeks before finishing second to Dale Jarrett on a last-lap pass. Earnhardt scored six wins en route to his sixth Winston Cup title, including wins in the Coca-Cola 600 and The Winston both at Charlotte, and the Pepsi 400 at Daytona. Earnhardt beat Rusty Wallace for the championship by 80 points.

Earnhardt's 1994 racecar

1994[edit]

In 1994, Earnhardt achieved a feat that he himself had believed to be impossible – he scored his seventh Winston Cup championship, tying Richard Petty. Earnhardt was very consistent, scoring four wins, and after Ernie Irvan was sidelined due to a near-deadly crash at Michigan (the two were neck-and-neck at the top of the points up until the crash), won title by over 400 points over Mark Martin. Earnhardt sealed the deal at Rockingham by winning the race over Rick Mast. It would be his final NASCAR championship.

1995[edit]

Earnhardt started off the 1995 season by finishing second in the Daytona 500 to Sterling Marlin. He won five races in 1995, including his first road course victory at Sears Point. He also won the Brickyard 400 at Indianapolis Motor Speedway, a win he called the biggest of his career. But in the end, Earnhardt lost the championship to Jeff Gordon by 34 points.

1996[edit]

1996 for Earnhardt started just like it had did in 1993 — he dominated Speedweeks, only to finish second in the Daytona 500 to Dale Jarrett for the second time. Earnhardt won early in the year, scoring consecutive victories at Rockingham and Atlanta. In late-July in the DieHard 500 at Talladega, he was in the points lead and looking for his eighth season title, despite the departure of crew chief Andy Petree. Late in the race, Ernie Irvan lost control of his No. 28 Havoline-sponsored Ford Thunderbird, made contact with the No. 4 Kodak-sponsored Chevy Monte Carlo of Sterling Marlin, and igniting a frightening crash that saw Earnhardt's No. 3 Chevrolet hit the tri-oval wall nearly head-on at almost 200 mph. After hitting the wall, Earnhardt's car flipped and slid across the track, in front of race-traffic. His car was hit in the roof and windshield. This accident, as well as a similar accident that led to the death of Russell Phillips at Charlotte, led NASCAR to mandate the "Earnhardt Bar", a metal brace located in the center of the windshield that reinforces the roof in case of a similar crash. This bar is also required in NASCAR-owned United SportsCar Racing and its predecessors for road racing.

Rain-delays had canceled the live telecast of the race and most fans first learned of the accident during the night's sports newscasts. Video of the crash showed what appeared to be a fatal incident, but once medical workers arrived at the car, Earnhardt climbed out and waved to the crowd, refusing to be loaded onto a stretcher despite a broken collarbone, sternum, and shoulder blade. Many[who?] thought the incident would end his season early, but Earnhardt refused to give up. The next week at Indianapolis, he started the race but exited the car on the first pit stop, allowing Mike Skinner to take the wheel. When asked, Earnhardt said that vacating the No. 3 car was the hardest thing he'd ever done. The following weekend at Watkins Glen, he drove the No. 3 Goodwrench Chevrolet to the fastest time in qualifying, earning the "True Grit" pole. T-shirts emblazoned with Earnhardt's face were quickly printed up, brandishing the caption, "It Hurt So Good". Earnhardt led for most of the race and looked to have victory in hand, but fatigue finally took its toll and Earnhardt ended up sixth, behind race winner Geoff Bodine. Earnhardt did not win again in 1996, but still finished fourth in the standings behind Terry Labonte, Jeff Gordon, and Dale Jarrett. David Smith departed as crew chief of the No. 3 team and RCR at the end of the year for personal reasons, and was replaced by Larry McReynolds.

1997[edit]

In 1997, Earnhardt went winless for only the second time in his career. The only (non-points) win came during Speedweeks at Daytona in the Twin 125-mile qualifying race, his record eighth-straight win in the event. Once again in the hunt for the Daytona 500 with 10 laps to go, Earnhardt was taken out of contention by a late crash which sent his car upside down on the backstretch. Earnhardt hit the low point of his year when he blacked out early in the Mountain Dew Southern 500 at Darlington in September, causing him to hit the wall. Afterward, he was disoriented and it took several laps before he could find his pit stall. When asked, Earnhardt complained of double vision which made it difficult to pit. Mike Dillon (Richard Childress's son-in-law) was brought in to relieve Earnhardt for the remainder of the race. Earnhardt was evaluated at a local hospital and cleared to race the very next week, but the cause of the blackout and double vision was never determined. Despite no wins, the RCR team finished the season fifth in the final standings.

1998[edit]

1998 saw Earnhardt finally win the Daytona 500 after being shut out in his previous 19 attempts. Earnhardt began the season by winning his Twin 125-mile qualifier race for the ninth straight year. On race day, he showed himself to be a contender early. Halfway through the race, however, it seemed that Jeff Gordon had the upper hand. But by lap 138, Earnhardt had taken the lead and thanks to a push by teammate Mike Skinner, he was able to maintain it. Earnhardt made it to the caution-checkered flag before Bobby Labonte. Afterwards, there was a large show of respect for Earnhardt, in which every crew member of every team lined pit road to shake his hand as he made his way to victory lane. Earnhardt then drove his No. 3 into the infield grass, starting a trend of post-race celebrations. He spun the car twice, throwing grass and leaving tire tracks in the shape of a No. 3 in the grass. Earnhardt then spoke about the victory, saying "I have had a lot of great fans and people behind me all through the years and I just can't thank them enough. The Daytona 500 is ours. We won it, we won it, we won it!" The rest of the season did not go as well, and the 500 was his only victory that year. He slipped to 12th in the point standings halfway through the season, and Richard Childress decided to make a crew chief change, taking Mike Skinner's crew chief Kevin Hamlin and putting him with Earnhardt while giving Skinner Larry McReynolds (Earnhardt's crew chief). Earnhardt finished eighth in the final standings.

1999[edit]

Before the 1999 season, fans began discussing Earnhardt's age and speculating that with his son, Dale Jr., making his Winston Cup debut, Earnhardt might be contemplating retirement. Earnhardt swept both races for the year at Talladega, leading some to conclude that Earnhardt's talent had become limited to the restrictor plate tracks, which require a unique skill set and an exceptionally powerful racecar to win. But halfway through the year, Earnhardt began to show some of the old spark. In the August race at Michigan, Earnhardt led laps late in the race and nearly pulled off his first win on a non-restrictor-plate track since 1996.

One week later, he provided NASCAR with one of its most controversial moments. At the Bristol night race, Earnhardt found himself in contention to win his first short track race since Martinsville in 1995. When a caution came out with 15 laps to go, leader Terry Labonte got hit from behind by the lapped car of Darrell Waltrip. His spin put Earnhardt in the lead with five cars between him and Labonte with 5 laps to go. Labonte had four fresh tires and Earnhardt was driving on old tires, which made Earnhardt's car considerably slower. Labonte caught Earnhardt and passed him coming to the white flag, but Earnhardt drove hard into turn two, bumping Labonte and spinning him around. Earnhardt went on to collect the win while spectators booed and made obscene gestures. "I didn't mean to turn him around, I just wanted to rattle his cage", Earnhardt said of the incident. Earnhardt finished seventh in the standings that year.

2000[edit]

In the 2000 season, Earnhardt had a resurgence, which was commonly attributed to neck surgery he underwent to correct a lingering injury from his 1996 Talladega crash. He scored what were considered the two most exciting wins of the year – winning by .006 seconds over Bobby Labonte at Atlanta, then gaining seventeen positions in the final four laps to win at Talladega, claiming his only No Bull million dollar bonus. Earnhardt also had second-place runs at Richmond and Martinsville, tracks where he'd struggled through the late 1990s. On the strength of those performances, Earnhardt was able to get to second in the standings. However, poor performances at the road course of Watkins Glen, where he wrecked coming out of the chicane, a wreck with Kenny Irwin Jr. while leading the spring race at Bristol, and mid-pack runs at intermediate tracks like Charlotte and Dover in a season dominated by the Ford Taurus in those tracks from Roush, Yates, and Penske, coupled with Labonte's extreme consistency, denied Earnhardt an eighth championship title.

Death[edit]

The final-lap crash that took Dale Earnhardt's life. He and Ken Schrader have just made contact with each other.

In the Daytona 500 at Daytona International Speedway on February 18, 2001, Earnhardt was involved in a three-car accident on the final lap of the race, in which he collided with Ken Schrader after making small contact with Sterling Marlin and hit the outside wall head-on. Earnhardt and Schrader's cars slid off the track's asphalt banking into the infield grass just inside of turn 4. Seconds later, his driver Michael Waltrip won the race, with his teammate Dale Earnhardt, Jr. finished in second.[12][13] Hours later, at 7:00pm, NASCAR president Mike Helton announced to the officials, drivers and fans that Earnhardt had died from the accident after being pronounced dead on arrival at 5:16pm.[14] An autopsy conducted on February 19, 2001, concluded that Earnhardt died from blunt force trauma to his head due to the accident. It also reported that Earnhardt had also suffered from a basilar skull fracture, which caused the fatal injury.[15] Earnhardt's funeral was held on February 22, 2001, at the Calvary Church in Charlotte, North Carolina.[16]

Aftermath[edit]

After Earnhardt's crash and later death, a police investigation and a NASCAR-sanctioned investigation commenced; nearly every detail of the crash was made public. The allegations of seatbelt failure resulted in Bill Simpson's resignation from the company bearing his name, which manufactured the seatbelts used in Earnhardt's car and nearly every other NASCAR driver's car.[17] NASCAR implemented rigorous safety improvements, such as making the HANS device mandatory. Earnhardt refused to wear it because he found it restrictive and uncomfortable.[18] Several press conferences were held in the days following Earnhardt's death. After Marlin and his relatives received hate mail and death threats from fans, Waltrip and Earnhardt Jr. absolved Marlin of any responsibility. Richard Childress made a public pledge that the number 3 would never again adorn the side of a black car sponsored by GM Goodwrench. Childress, who currently holds the rights from NASCAR to the No.3, placed a moratorium on using it; the number returned for the 2014 season, driven by Childress's grandson Austin Dillon.

At this time, his team was re-christened as the No. 29 team. Childress' second-year Busch Series driver Kevin Harvick was named as Earnhardt's replacement, beginning with the 2001 Dura Lube 400 at North Carolina Speedway. Special pennants bearing the No.3 were distributed to everyone at the track to honor Earnhardt, and the Childress team wore blank uniforms out of respect, something which disappeared quickly and was soon replaced by the previous GM Goodwrench Service Plus uniforms. Harvick's car always displayed the Earnhardt stylized number 3 on the "B" posts (metal portion on each side of the car to the rear of the front windows) above the number 29 until the end of 2013, when he departed for Stewart-Haas Racing.

Fans began honoring Earnhardt by holding three fingers aloft on the third lap of every race, a black screen of #3 in the beginning of NASCAR Thunder 2002 before the EA Sports logo, and the television coverage of NASCAR on Fox and NASCAR on NBC went silent for each third lap from Rockingham to the following year's race there in honor of Earnhardt. On-track incidents brought out the caution flag on the third lap. Three weeks after Earnhardt's death, Harvick, driving a car that had been prepared for Earnhardt, scored his first career Cup win at Atlanta. On the final lap of the 2001 Cracker Barrel Old Country Store 500, he beat Jeff Gordon by .006 seconds (this was the same margin that Earnhardt (himself) had won over Bobby Labonte at the same race a year ago) and the images of Earnhardt's longtime gas man Danny "Chocolate" Myers crying after the victory, Harvick's tire-smoking burnout on the frontstretch with three fingers held aloft outside the driver's window; and the Fox television call by Mike Joy, Larry McReynolds, and Darrell Waltrip concluding with "Just like a year ago [with Earnhardt and Bobby Labonte], but he [Harvick] is gonna get him though...Gordon got loose... it's Harvick! Harvick by inches!" are memorable to many NASCAR fans. The win was also considered cathartic for a sport whose epicenter had been ripped away. Harvick would win another race at Chicagoland en route to a ninth-place finish in the final points, and won Rookie of the Year honors.

Dale Earnhardt, Inc. won five races in the 2001 season, beginning Steve Park's victory in the race at Rockingham just one week after Earnhardt's death. Earnhardt, Jr. and Waltrip finished first and second in the series' return to Daytona in July for the Pepsi 400, a reverse of the finish in the Daytona 500. Earnhardt Jr. also won the fall races at Dover and Talladega and came to an eighth-place points finish.

Earnhardt was buried on his farm in Mooresville, North Carolina.

No. 3 car[edit]

Earnhardt in the No. 3 car

Earnhardt drove the No. 3 car for the majority of his career, spanning the early 1980s until his death in 2001. Although he had other sponsors during his career, his No. 3 is associated in fans' minds with his last sponsor GM Goodwrench and his last color scheme — a predominantly black car with bold red and silver trim. The black and red No. 3 continues to be one of the most famous logos in North American motor racing.

A common misconception is that Richard Childress Racing "owns the rights" to the No. 3 in NASCAR competition (fueled by the fact that Kevin Harvick's car has a little No. 3 as an homage to Earnhardt and the usage of the No. 3 on the Camping World Series truck of Ty Dillon), but in fact no team owns the rights to this or any other number. However, according to established NASCAR procedures, RCR would have priority over other teams if and when the time came to reuse the number. RCR owns the stylized No. 3 logos used during Earnhardt's lifetime; however these rights may not prevent a future racing team from using a different No. 3 design (also, a new No. 3 team would most likely, in any case, need to create logos which fit with their sponsor's logos).

In 2004, ESPN released a made-for-TV movie entitled 3: The Dale Earnhardt Story, which used a new (but similarly colored) No. 3 logo. The movie was a sympathetic portrayal of Earnhardt's life, but the producers were sued for using the No. 3 logo. In December 2006, the ESPN lawsuit was settled, but details were not released to the public.

It is generally believed that current NASCAR owners have agreed never to use the No. 3 in Sprint Cup competition again, although this is not official NASCAR policy. Dale Earnhardt Jr. made two special appearances in 2002 in a No. 3 Busch Series car: these appearances were at the track where his father died (Daytona) and the track where his father made his first Winston Cup start (Charlotte). Earnhardt Jr. won the first of those two races, which was the season-opening event at Daytona. He also raced a No. 3 sponsored by Wrangler on July 2, 2010, for Richard Childress Racing at Daytona. In a green-white- checker finish he outran Joey Logano to win his second race in the 3.

Otherwise, the No. 3 was missing from the national touring series until September 5, 2009, when Austin Dillon, the 19-year-old grandson of Richard Childress debuted an RCR-owned No. 3 truck in the Camping World Truck Series.[19] Austin Dillon and his younger brother Ty Dillon drove #3's in various lower level competitions for several years, including the Camping World East Series.[20] In 2012, Austin Dillon began driving the Nationwide Series full-time, using the #3. (He had previously used the #33 while driving that series part-time.)

Richard Childress Racing entered the number 3 in the Daytona Truck race on February 13, 2010, painted identically to when Earnhardt drove it, but with Bass Pro Shops as a sponsor. It was driven by Austin Dillon. Oddly, the number 3 was involved in a wreck almost identical to that which took the life of Earnhardt: being spun out, colliding with another vehicle and being turned into the outside wall in turn number four.[21] Dillon again returned to a number 3 marked racecar when he started fifth in the 2012 Daytona Nationwide Series opener in an Advocare sponsored black Chevrolet Impala. On December 11, 2013, RCR announced that Austin Dillon would drive the No. 3 car in the upcoming 2014 Sprint Cup season, bringing the number back to the series for the first time in 13 years.[22]

Only the former International Race of Champions actually retired the No. 3, which they did in a rule change effective in 2004. Until the series folded in 2007, anyone wishing to use the No. 3 again had to use No. 03 instead.[citation needed]

Formula 1 driver Daniel Ricciardo chose the number 3 as his permanent racing number when F1's rules changed to allow drivers to choose their own numbers for 2014, and stated on Twitter that part of the reason for his choice was that he was a fan of Earnhardt's.[23] And his helmet design features the number stylized in the same way.

Legacy[edit]

"Earnhardt Tower", a seating section at Daytona International Speedway was opened and named in his honor shortly before his death at the track.

Earnhardt has several roads named after him, including a street in his hometown Kannapolis. Dale Earnhardt Boulevard (originally Earnhardt Road) is marked as Exit 60 off Interstate 85, northeast of Charlotte. Dale Earnhardt Drive is also the start of The Dale Journey Trail,[24] a self-guided driving tour of landmarks in the lives of Earnhardt and his family. A road between Kannapolis and Mooresville near the headquarters of DEI and formerly was called NC 136, had its designation switched by the North Carolina Department of Transportation with NC 3, which was in Currituck County. In addition, Exit 73 off Interstate 35W, one of the entrances to Texas Motor Speedway, is named "Dale Earnhardt Way".

In 2000, one year before his death, Earnhardt became a part-owner of the minor league baseball team in Kannapolis, and the team was renamed the Kannapolis Intimidators shortly thereafter. After his death, the team retired the jersey #3 in Earnhardt's honor, and a "3" flag flies beyond the left field wall during every game.[citation needed]

Between the 2004 and 2005 JGTC (subsequently renamed Super GT from 2005) season, Hasemi Sport competed in the series with a sole black G'Zox sponsored Nissan 350Z with the same number and letterset as Earnhardt on the roof.

During the NASCAR weekend races at Talladega Superspeedway on April 29, 2006 – May 1, 2006, the DEI cars competed in identical special black paint schemes on Dale Earnhardt Day, which is held annually on his birthday—April 29. Martin Truex, Jr. won the Aaron's 312 in the black car, painted to reflect Earnhardt's Intimidating Black No. 3 NASCAR Busch Grand National series car. In the Nextel Cup race on May 1, No. 8 Dale Earnhardt, Jr.; No. 1 Martin Truex, Jr.; and No. 15 Paul Menard competed in cars with the same type of paint scheme.

On June 18, 2006, at Michigan for the 3M Performance 400, Earnhardt, Jr. ran a special vintage Budweiser car to honor his father and his grandfather Ralph Earnhardt. He finished third after rain caused the race to be cut short. The car was painted to resemble Ralph's 1956 dirt cars, and carried 1956-era Budweiser logos to complete the throwback look.

In the summer of 2007, Dale Earnhardt, Inc. (DEI) with the Dale Earnhardt Foundation, announced it will fund an annual undergraduate scholarship at Clemson University in Clemson, South Carolina for students interested in motorsports and automotive engineering. Scholarship winners are also eligible to work at DEI in internships.[25] The first winner was William Bostic, a senior at Clemson majoring in mechanical engineering.[26]

The Earnhardt Grandstand at Daytona International Speedway

In 2008, on the 50th anniversary of the first Daytona 500 race, DEI and RCR teamed up to make a special COT sporting Earnhardt's 1998 Daytona 500 paint scheme to honor the tenth anniversary of his Daytona 500 victory. In a tribute to all previous Daytona 500 winners, the winning drivers appeared in a lineup on stage, in chronological order. The throwback No. 3 car stood in the infield, in the approximate position Earnhardt would have taken in the processional. The throwback car featured the authentic 1998-era design on a current-era car, a concept similar to modern throwback jerseys in other sports. The car was later sold in 1:64 and 1:24 scale models.

The Intimidator 305 roller coaster has been open since April 2010 at Kings Dominion in Doswell, Virginia. Named after Earnhardt, the ride's trains are modeled after Dale Earnhardt's black-and-red Chevrolet. [27] Another Intimidator was built at Carowinds, in Charlotte, North Carolina.

Atlanta Braves assistant coach Ned Yost was a friend of Earnhardt, and Richard Childress. When Yost was named Milwaukee Brewers manager, he changed jersey numbers, from No. 5 to No. 3 in Earnhardt's honor. (#3 is retired by the Braves in honor of outfielder Dale Murphy, so Yost could not make the change while in Atlanta.) When Yost was named Kansas City Royals assistant coach, he wore No. 2 for the 2010 season, even when he was named manager in May 2010, but for the 2011 season, he switched back to #3.

During the third lap of the 2011 Daytona 500 (a decade since Earnhardt's death), the commentators on FOX fell silent while fans each raised three fingers in a similar fashion to the tributes throughout 2001.[28]

The north entrance to New Avondale City Center in Arizona will bear the name Dale Earnhardt Drive. Avondale is where Earnhardt won a Cup race in 1990.[29]

His helmet from the 1998 season is at the National Museum of American History in the Smithsonian museum in Washington D.C.[30]

Weedeater, a sludge metal band from North Carolina, paid tribute to Earnhardt on their 2003 album Sixteen Tons, with the song "#3".[31] The crushing, sludged out tune is played with audio clips from television broadcasts about Earnhardt mixed in the background.[32]

Awards[edit]

Dale Earnhardt's suit on display at the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame

Motorsports career results[edit]

NASCAR[edit]

(key) (Bold – Pole position awarded by qualifying time. Italics – Pole position earned by points standings or practice time. * – Most laps led.)

Winston Cup Series[edit]

Daytona 500 results[edit]
Year Team Manufacturer Start Finish
1979 Osterlund Racing Buick 10 8
1980 Oldsmobile 32 4
1981 Pontiac 7 5
1982 Bud Moore Engineering Ford 10 36
1983 3 35
1984 Richard Childress Racing Chevrolet 29 2
1985 18 32
1986 4 14
1987 13 5
1988 6 10
1989 8 3
1990 2 5
1991 4 5
1992 3 9
1993 4 2
1994 2 7
1995 2 2
1996 1 2
1997 4 31
1998 4 1
1999 4 2
2000 21 21
2001 7 12

Busch Series[edit]

International Race of Champions[edit]

(key) (Bold – Pole position. * – Most laps led.)

ARCA Hooters SuperCar Series[edit]

(key) (Bold – Pole position awarded by qualifying time. Italics – Pole position earned by points standings or practice time. * – Most laps led.)

24 Hours of Daytona[edit]

(key)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Brinster, Dick (February 19, 2001). "Dale Earnhardt dies in crash on final lap of Daytona 500". Associated Press. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  2. ^ http://msn.foxsports.com/nascar/lists/Ranking-the-20-greatest-NASCAR-drivers-of-all-time
  3. ^ "Dale Earnhardt". The Crittenden Automotive Library. Retrieved May 7, 2007. 
  4. ^ Anderson, Lars (February 21, 2011). "Number 3 Still Roars Ten Years After: Dale Earnhardt died in the 2001 Daytona 500, but even as the green flag flies for this year's race and a new Sprint Cup season, his legacy is felt throughout the sport—and in the lives of three men in particular". Sports Illustrated (Time Inc). Retrieved February 21, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Inaugural NASCAR Hall of Fame Class Announced". NASCAR Hall of Fame. October 14, 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ http://www.wargs.com/other/earnhardt.html
  7. ^ Caraviello, David (July 28, 2013). "Earnhardt meets struggles on, off track at Indy". NASCAR. Retrieved July 30, 2013. 
  8. ^ Wilson, Sam (July 4, 2015). "A familiar name at Ellicottville rodeo". Olean Times Herald. Retrieved July 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ Caraviello, David (January 20, 2014). "TOP 10 ROOKIE CAMPAIGNS AT NASCAR'S HIGHEST LEVEL". NASCAR. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  10. ^ Caraviello, David (March 6, 2014). "TOP 10 BAD LUCK MOMENTS IN NASCAR". NASCAR. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Ryan McGee: Best and worst of NASCAR Sprint Cup banquet nights past — ESPN". Sports.espn.go.com. January 12, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Earnhardt dies instantly of head injuries". ESPN.com (ESPN Internet Ventures). Associated Press. February 18, 2001. Retrieved June 17, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Earnhardt killed". Jacksonville.com. The Florida Times Union. February 19, 2001. Retrieved January 25, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Earnhardt dies following Daytona 500 accident"; Dave Rodman, Turner Sports Interactive, February 21, 2001; NASCAR.com. Retrieved September 6, 2007.
  15. ^ CNNSI.com: Earnhardt autopsy report answers, leaves questions
  16. ^ "Earnhardt's Funeral is Tomorrow". New York Times. February 21, 2001. Retrieved September 27, 2012. 
  17. ^ Daytona: From the Birth of Speed to the Death of the Man in Black. Hinton, Ed. Warner Books, 2001. ISBN 0-446-52677-0.
  18. ^ Aumann, Mark. "HANS device acceptance slow until fateful crash". nascar.com. Retrieved January 28, 2015. 
  19. ^ David Caraviello (September 3, 2009). "Childress grandson brings No. 3 back to national level — Sep 3, 2009". Nascar.Com. Retrieved December 17, 2010. 
  20. ^ David Caraviello (March 20, 2008). "– Childress' grandson driving No. 3 car back to NASCAR – March 20, 2008". Nascar.com. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  21. ^ Watch 0:13 on YouTube
  22. ^ Bruce, Kenny (December 11, 2013). "DILLON TO DRIVE NO. 3 SPRINT CUP CAR FOR RCR". NASCAR. Retrieved December 11, 2013. 
  23. ^ https://twitter.com/danielricciardo/status/421830907171840000
  24. ^ "Welcome to "The Dale Trail"". Daletrail.com. January 1, 1999. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  25. ^ "DEI partners with Clemson motorsports. Clemson World. Fall 2007. p. 5.
  26. ^ "Earnhardt Motorsports Scholar". Clemson World. Fall 2007. p. 31.
  27. ^ "The Ride :: Intimidator 305 :: Kings Dominion :: Doswell, Virginia". Intimidator 305. Retrieved December 17, 2010. 
  28. ^ McLuskey, Dex (February 21, 2011). "Bayne Becomes Youngest Daytona 500 Winner as Nascar's Past, Future Unite". Bloomberg. Retrieved February 21, 2011. 
  29. ^ http://www.phoenixraceway.com/Articles/2011/02/Dale-Earnhardt-Road.aspx
  30. ^ http://collections.si.edu/search/record/nmah_1326342?q=set_name:%22Artifact+Walls%22
  31. ^ [1]
  32. ^ https://www.indiemerch.com/weedeater/item/27798
  33. ^ Poff, Jan-Michael, ed. (2000). Addresses and Public Papers of James Baxter Hunt Jr. Governor of North Carolina Vol. III 1993–1997. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. ISBN 0-86526-289-6. 
  34. ^ "North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame | Raleigh, NC". Ncshof.org. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  35. ^ http://www.oceansiderotary.org/stockcarhalloffame/D_Earnhardt.htm
  36. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1980 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  37. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1984 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  38. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1987 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  39. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1988 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  40. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1989 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  41. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1990 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  42. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1991 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  43. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1992 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  44. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1993 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  45. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1994 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  46. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1995 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  47. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1996 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  48. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1997 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  49. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1998 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  50. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1999 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  51. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 2000 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  52. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 2001 IROC Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  53. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1991 ARCA Permatex SuperCar Series Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved July 23, 2015. 
  54. ^ "Dale Earnhardt – 1993 ARCA Hooters SuperCar Series Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved July 23, 2015. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Kenny Irwin Jr.
NASCAR Cup Series fatal accidents
2001
Succeeded by
Last NASCAR Cup fatality to date
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Richard Petty
Darrell Waltrip
Rusty Wallace
Alan Kulwicki
NASCAR Winston Cup Series Champion
1980
1986, 1987
1990, 1991
1993, 1994
Succeeded by
Darrell Waltrip
Bill Elliott
Alan Kulwicki
Jeff Gordon
Preceded by
Terry Labonte

Mark Martin
IROC Champion
IROC XIV (1990)
IROC XIX (1995)
IROC XXIII (1999) – IROC XXIV (2000)
Succeeded by
Rusty Wallace
Mark Martin
Bobby Labonte
Achievements
Preceded by
Jeff Gordon
Brickyard 400 winner
1995
Succeeded by
Dale Jarrett
Preceded by
Darrell Waltrip
Davey Allison
Coca-Cola 600 winner
1986
1992, 1993
Succeeded by
Kyle Petty
Jeff Gordon
Preceded by
Jeff Gordon
Daytona 500 winner
1998
Succeeded by
Jeff Gordon
Preceded by
Tim Richmond
Bill Elliott
Southern 500 winner
1987
1989, 1990
Succeeded by
Bill Elliott
Harry Gant
Preceded by
Buddy Baker
Terry Labonte
Bill Elliott
Ken Schrader
Geoff Bodine
Jeff Gordon
Busch Clash winner
1980
1986
1988
1991
1993
1995
Succeeded by
Darrell Waltrip
Bill Elliott
Ken Schrader
Geoff Bodine
Jeff Gordon
Dale Jarrett
Awards
Preceded by
Ronnie Thomas
NASCAR Winston Cup Series Rookie of the Year
1979
Succeeded by
Jody Ridley
Preceded by
Jeff Gordon
NASCAR EA cover athlete
1999, 2000
Succeeded by
Tony Stewart
Preceded by
Bill Elliott
NASCAR Winston Cup Series Most Popular Driver
2001
Succeeded by
Bill Elliott