Dale Hollow Reservoir
|Dale Hollow Reservoir|
Dam and Lake
|Location||Kentucky / Tennessee|
|Basin countries||United States|
The Dale Hollow Reservoir is a reservoir situated on the Kentucky/Tennessee border. The lake is formed by the damming of the Obey River, 7.3 miles (12 km) above its juncture with the Cumberland River at river mile 380. Portions of the lake also cover the Wolf River. Dale Hollow is one of four major flood control reservoirs for the Cumberland; the others being J. Percy Priest Dam, Wolf Creek Dam, and Center Hill Dam. It is also the site of Dale Hollow Lake State Park on the north (Kentucky) side.
Dale Hollow Reservoir lies mainly in northern Tennessee, where it covers portions of Clay, Pickett, and Overton Counties. Small arms of the lake also extend northward into the Kentucky counties of Cumberland and Clinton. The project consists of 27,700 acres (112 km²) of water and 24,842 acres (101 km²) of surrounding land.
According to the State of Tennessee, the lake takes its name from land owned first by Governor John Sevier, who located two of the first grants in this area of Overton and Clay Counties, a little over 57,000 acres. On this land many members of his family settled. The Governor called this place "The Dale" because of the formation of the land.
After the death of Gov. Sevier, his widow Bonnie Kate, moved to Overton County in 1815 and settled in the Dale community. Dale, or Lily Dale, no longer exists. The community was one of those flooded to create Dale Hollow Lake, yet its name endures in the choice of the lake's name.
Dale Hollow Dam and Lake was authorized by the Flood Control Act of 1938 and the River and Harbor Act of 1946. The project was completed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers in 1943, making the lake the oldest artificial lake in Kentucky. Hydroelectric power generating units were added in 1948, 1949 and 1953. The project was designed by the Corps of Engineers and built under their supervision by private contractors. The hydroelectric generators of Dale Hollow Dam are used to supply power to the surrounding countryside. The dam, powerplant and reservoir are currently operated by the Nashville District of the Corps.
The lake is also used recreationally. Water sports are moderately popular, especially water skiing. Wakeboarding and tubing are two more water sports that can be seen regularly. The main recreational use is fishing.
Dale Hollow is well known as a prime location for smallmouth bass fishing, currently holding the world record for the largest such fish ever taken (11 lb., 15 oz). It is the lake that is linked with the name Billy Westmorland, famed smallmouth angler of Celina, Tennessee. The lake and surrounding rivers, the Cumberland River and the Obey River also contain other species such as largemouth bass, crappie, muskellunge, walleye, catfish, gar, and trout.
The Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency and Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife each maintain jurisdiction over the lake's waters within their respective states. There is a reciprocal fishing agreement between the agencies, so recreational fisherman may be licensed by either state in order to fish in the reciprocal zone. Fishermen in areas of the lake outside the zone must be licensed by the governing agency.
Geiger Island is an island in Dale Hollow Lake. It is designated as a primitive camping site by the Army Corps of Engineers, which manages Dale Hollow Lake. According to author Darren Shell, the site sees heavy usage during the summer months, and was a traditional camping site of the boy scout troops in the area for many years. Henry Geiger, the founder of nearby Cedar Lake Camp, a Christian youth camp in Livingston, Tennessee, was the first to begin camping on the island. The island bears his name.[not in citation given]
- "Corps of Engineers says releasing water from Tenn. dam prevented more damage to Nashville". Fox News. May 11, 2010. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- Kleber, John E., ed. (1992). "Lakes". The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Associate editors: Thomas D. Clark, Lowell H. Harrison, and James C. Klotter. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-1772-0.
- "Kentucky State Record Fish List". Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. 2006-04-17. Retrieved 2007-02-17.
- "Billy Westmorland Tribute to a Champion Angler". Jim Dicken, Fishin.com Editor. Retrieved 2007-03-10.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Dale Hollow Reservoir
- Conditions and Requirements for Dale Hollow Camping Permits, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville District, accessed February 20, 2011.
- Canoe Camp, Cedar Lake Camp website, accessed February 20, 2011
- History, Cedar Lake Camp website, accessed February 20, 2011
- Darren Shell (2008), Stories from Dale Hollow: Short Stories, Pictures, and History of Dale Hollow Lake, Fideli Publishing Inc.
- Traditional Camping at Geiger Island http://redeemerbiblechurch.org/images/linknewsletter/link0409.pdf
- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Dale Hollow website
- Dale Hollow Lake Tennessee tourism website