Dalhousie, India

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Dalhousie
Hill station
Dalhousie is located in Himachal Pradesh
Dalhousie
Dalhousie
Dalhousie is located in India
Dalhousie
Dalhousie
Coordinates: 32°32′N 75°59′E / 32.53°N 75.98°E / 32.53; 75.98Coordinates: 32°32′N 75°59′E / 32.53°N 75.98°E / 32.53; 75.98
Country India
State Himachal Pradesh
District Chamba
Elevation 2,000 m (7,000 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 7,051
 • Rank 25 in HP
Languages
 • Official Himachali, Punjabi, Pahari
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 176304
Telephone code +91 1899
Vehicle registration HP-47

Dalhousie is a hill station now in Chamba district, in the northern state of Himachal Pradesh, India perviously it was part of Punjab. It is situated on 5 hills and has an elevation of 1,970 metres above sea level.[1]

Etymology[edit]

Dalhousie Town was named after Lord Dalhousie, who was the British Governor-General in India while establishing this place as a summer retreat.[2]

History[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Religion in Dalhousie(2011)[3][4]

  Hinduism (50.86%)
  Sikhism (30.74%)
  Christianity (17.05%)
  Islam (1.13%)
  Other or not religious (0.26%)

The Dalhousie is a hill station in Himachal Pradesh, established in 1854 by the British Empire's government in British India as a summer retreat for its troops and officials after annexation of Sikh Empire Punjab.

It is built on and around five hills, Kathalagh, Potreyn, Terah, Bakrota and Bhangora.[2] Located on the western edge of the Dhauladhar mountain range of the Himalayas, it is surrounded by snow-capped peaks. Dalhousie is situated between 6,000 and 9,000 feet (2,700 m) above sea level. It was established on the land of a Sikh Empire Punjab after annexed by British. Dalhousie remains the part of Punjab until 1966. But it was trimmed from Punjab by controversial [[Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966]. The best time to visit is in the summer, and the peak tourist season is from May to September. Scottish and Victorian architecture are prevalent in the bungalows and churches in the town.

Dalhousie is a gateway to the ancient Chamba Hill State, now Chamba District of the state of Himachal Pradesh of India. This hill region is a repository of ancient Hindu culture, art, temples, and handicrafts preserved under the longest-running single dynasty since the mid-6th century. Chamba is the hub of this culture. Bharmour, the ancient capital of this kingdom, is home to the Gaddi and Gujjar tribes. It has 84 ancient temples dating from the 7th–10th centuries AD.

Climate[edit]

Dalhousie has a humid subtropical climate (Cwa). Late summer and early spring see torrential rainfall due to monsoonal influence. The city sees over 45 frost days per year and 2-3 snow days.

Climate data for Dalhousie
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
12.4
(54.3)
16.7
(62.1)
21.8
(71.2)
25.2
(77.4)
27.4
(81.3)
23.6
(74.5)
22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
20.9
(69.6)
17.5
(63.5)
13.9
(57)
19.54
(67.18)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
3.1
(37.6)
7.1
(44.8)
11.2
(52.2)
15.2
(59.4)
17.6
(63.7)
16.5
(61.7)
16.2
(61.2)
14.9
(58.8)
11.0
(51.8)
7.0
(44.6)
4.2
(39.6)
10.43
(50.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 178
(7.01)
145
(5.71)
147
(5.79)
83
(3.27)
71
(2.8)
109
(4.29)
537
(21.14)
543
(21.38)
255
(10.04)
70
(2.76)
23
(0.91)
76
(2.99)
2,237
(88.09)
Average precipitation days 12.4 15.8 10.2 16.8 15.0 13.2 20.8 21.5 11.4 5.5 4.6 8.3 155.5
Source: [5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 177. 
  2. ^ a b "Dalhousie: perfect summer getaway". Bangalore Mirror. 4 March 2010. Archived from the original on 6 March 2010. 
  3. ^ "Population by religion community - 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015. 
  4. ^ Mizoram Population Census 2011
  5. ^ "CLIMATE: DALHOUSIE". Climate-Data. Retrieved 31 March 2017. 

External links[edit]