Dalhousie Cantonment

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Dalhousie Cantonment
city
Dalhousie Cantonment is located in Himachal Pradesh
Dalhousie Cantonment
Dalhousie Cantonment
Dalhousie Cantonment is located in India
Dalhousie Cantonment
Dalhousie Cantonment
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 32°32′N 75°59′E / 32.53°N 75.98°E / 32.53; 75.98Coordinates: 32°32′N 75°59′E / 32.53°N 75.98°E / 32.53; 75.98
Country  India
State Himachal Pradesh
District Chamba
Elevation 1,954 m (6,411 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,962
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Dalhousie cantonment is a town in Chamba district in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India.

History[edit]

In the wake of the 1857 War, the Military Department of the Government of India, expanded its survey of lower Himalayas, to identify suitable locations for building "sanitaria and cantonments" for "quartering" British soldiers and military units. The move to locate cantonments in "cool and healthy hill stations" was justified on strategic, and health grounds. In the following decade several cantonments, including in Balun(Dalhousie), Bakloh, Chakrata, Ranikhet, in the western lower Himalayas, were established.[1] In 1863 it was decided that one third of the British troops in India should be located in the hill station cantonments.[1] By the 1890s almost twenty five percent of the British troops in India were located in hill stations.[1]

The Cantonment area in Dalhousie is called Baloon, also spelt as Balun. Dalhousie was first surveyed in 1853, and was acquired as a convalescent depot for European troops, in 1866, the same year as Bakloh was acquired as a Goorkha Cantonment, from the Raja of Chamba.[2] In 1868, British troops moved into barracks in Baloon. By 1878 an 18 foot road connected the new cantonment to the plains.[3]

In August 1954, during the Dalhousie centenary celebrations, Jawahar Lal Nehru, the Prime Minister of India, visited Baloon, Dalhousie Cantonment. He was accompanied by Lt General Kalwant Singh, General Officer Commanding in Chief, Western Command.

Cantonment Board[edit]

Dalhousie cantonment was established in 1867. It has been classified as a category IV Cantonment by Director General of Defence estates. The cantonment board, which is responsible for the management of the cantonment, consists of 4 members, including 2 elected members.Brig. JS Bhardwaj, Commander 323 Mountain Brigade, is the President of the Cantonment Board.[4]

The cantonment board runs a primary school( 24 students), a small hospital(2 beds), and a guest house.[5]

Churches[edit]

There are four churches in Dalhousie. St. Andrew's Church and St. Patrick's Church, are located in Balun, Dalhousie Cantonment.[6]

Geography[edit]

Dalhousie is located at 32°32′N 75°59′E / 32.53°N 75.98°E / 32.53; 75.98.[7] It has an average elevation of 1954 metres (6410 feet).

Location[edit]

Dalhousie Cantonment is 485 km from Delhi, 52 km from Chamba, 23 km from Khajjiar, and 80 km from Pathankot, the closest railhead. The nearest airport is at Gaggal in Kangra, at a distance of 135 km.[6]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 India census,[8] Dalhousie cantonment had a population of 1962.[5] Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. Dalhousie has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 65.38%. Male literacy is 79% and, female literacy is 72%. In Dalhousie, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. Dalhousie is a very popular tourist destination with its most popular attraction is the Khajjar Valley[citation needed].

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Dane Keith Kennedy (1996). The Magic Mountains: Hill Stations and the British Raj. University of California Press. pp. 156–. ISBN 978-0-520-20188-0. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  2. ^ Rose Hutchison (1 March 1998). Gazetteer of the Chamba State. Indus Publishing. ISBN 978-81-7387-041-5. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  3. ^ George Smith (1882). The geography of British India, political & physical. J. Murray. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Kendriya Vidyalaya Bakloh Management Committee". Archived from the original on 2014-09-15. 
  5. ^ a b "Director General of Defence Estates". 
  6. ^ a b "Himachal Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation". 
  7. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dalhousie
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]