Schulich School of Law

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Schulich School of Law at Dalhousie University
Schulich School of Law crest.png
Motto Latin: Lex Fons Lucis
Motto in English
"Law is the source of light"
Type Public Law School
Established October 30, 1883
Dean Camille Cameron
Academic staff
119[1]
Students 500[1]
Location Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Campus Urban
Colours Black and Gold          
Nickname Dal Law
Website law.dal.ca
Schulich School of Law Logo.png

Founded in 1883, the Schulich School of Law at Dalhousie University is the oldest university-based common law school in the British Commonwealth.[2] Formerly known as Dalhousie Law School, the school was renamed the Schulich School of Law in October 2009 after receiving a $20-million endowment from Canadian businessman and philanthropist Seymour Schulich.[3]

Today, the Schulich School of Law is the largest law school in Atlantic Canada. With 500 students enrolled each year (170 in first-year) and a faculty of Rhodes, Fulbright, and Trudeau scholars, the school promises “one of the most prestigious and comprehensive legal educations in North America.”[4]

History[edit]

Located in Halifax, Nova Scotia, a maritime city on the east coast of Canada, the Schulich School of Law is rooted in the vision of its first Dean, Richard Chapman Weldon, who believed lawyers had a responsibility to contribute to their communities’ well-being.

Unlike his contemporaries at Osgoode Hall Law School at York University (which was established in 1862 under the auspices of the Law Society of Upper Canada), Weldon aspired to treat the study of law as a full-time, liberal education. It was not, as Osgoode was, an outpost for the province's professional law society where law was seen as "merely a technical craft."[5]

At the time of its founding, the establishment of a university common law school was so radical – and its subsequent influence so great – that legal historians cite Dal Law as the basis for law school today.[6]

In W. Wesley Pue's Story of Legal Education in British Columbia, a book that chronicles the establishment of the University of British Columbia Faculty of Law 62 years after Dalhousie Law School first opened, Pue notes that:

"Dalhousie" serves as a sort of code-word among legal educators in Canada, much as "Harvard" does in the United States of America. It invokes a vision of intellectually ambitious, rigorous, and scholarly approaches to education for the profession of law. In British Columbia, the transformation from part-time to full-time study involved the implementation of a model of legal education that was "Dalhousie" in all respects.[7]

In discussing the motivations that led to the establishment of a full-time common law school, Weldon described the "'legitimate ambition' of 'generous spirits who wish their country well' to build a law school 'that shall influence the intellectual life of Canada as Harvard and Yale have influenced the intellectual life of New England.'"[8]

Based on Weldon's comments in his inaugural address at the opening of the law school, it’s unsurprising that the Schulich School of Law has shared a storied connection with Harvard University. Although Dalhousie was influenced early on by the high standards of academic excellence set by Harvard Law School, it placed a decidedly unique emphasis on the subjects of public law, constitutional history, and international law, fields that were notably absent from Harvard's curriculum in the 1880s.[9]

Reputation[edit]

University rankings
Global rankings
Canadian rankings
Maclean's Common Law[10] 6


The school was ranked in the top three Canadian law schools in Corporate Knights' 2011 Knight Schools Survey.[11] Maclean's 2013 ranking of Canadian common law schools placed the school sixth out of 16. The Schulich School of Law was also the first Canadian law school awarded the Emil Gumpuert Award by the American College of Trial Lawyers for excellence in trial advocacy training.[12]

Location[edit]

In 1966, the school moved to its current home, the Weldon Law Building, on Dalhousie’s Studley Campus. On August 16, 1985, a lightning strike caused a short in Weldon’s electrical system, which started a fire that destroyed most of the Sir James Dunn Law Library.[13] The library reopened four years later in 1989.

Recent refurbishments to the Weldon Law Building took place in 2004 with the addition of the James and Barbara Palmer Wing and in 2016 with the Facade Renewal Project. In phases one and two of the Facade Renewal Project, windows were replaced, walls were insulated, and stonework was reinforced on the third and fourth floors of the building.[14] In phases three and four, construction was focused on the building's first and second floors. Here, crews removed existing stonework, installed an accessible ramp to the school’s entrance on University Avenue, and redid the school’s front entrance.[15]

Programs[edit]

The Weldon Law Building, Dalhousie University

In January 2011, the Senate voted to change Dalhousie's law degree designation from a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) to a Juris Doctor (JD).[16] Students attending the Schulich School of Law today can undertake a regular JD degree or concentrate their JD in one of four specific areas: health law, business law, marine and environmental law, and law and technology.

The school also offers a variety of combined-degree programs for undergraduate students:[17]

The Schulich School of Law also gives 20 to 30 aspiring professors and jurists the option to pursue a postgraduate degree at the school:[18]

As an accredited law school in Canada, graduates are eligible to proceed to bar admission and articling programs throughout the country.[19]

Faculty[edit]

At the Schulich School of Law, full-time and adjunct faculty members have extensive legal, judicial, and legislative experience.[20] Notable faculty include:

Admissions[edit]

At the Schulich School of Law, GPAs are weighed at 60 per cent and LSAT scores at 40 per cent. In 2016, 170 students were admitted from a pool of over 1,300 applicants, of which 55 per cent were women and 45 per cent men.[21] The average age of applicants was 25. The Schulich School of Law’s two application deadlines are November 30 and February 28.

Applications are reviewed by a committee of faculty and student members. Most offers of admission are made on the basis of the information provided in the student's application. In some circumstances, the admissions committee may require applicants to sit for an interview. Interviews take place in May and June and in recent years have been conducted in Halifax, Toronto, Calgary, and Vancouver.

Most applicants have obtained an undergraduate degree before they begin law school; those with just two years of university work, however, will be considered for admission if their academic standing is exceptionally high.

Achievements in extracurricular and employment activities are an asset for all applicants. Candidates who, despite economic, cultural, racial, or ethnic disadvantages, have made exceptional contributions to the community, or who have shown exceptional capacity to respond to challenges, may be given special consideration.

Special consideration is also given to applicants who are members of Nova Scotia's Black or Mi'kmaq communities. Native applicants who are not eligible for the Indigenous Blacks & Mi'kmaq Initiative and whose academic backgrounds do not meet admissions standards are eligible to apply for admission to the Schulich School of Law through successful completion of the Program of Legal Studies for Native People at the University of Saskatchewan’s College of Law.

Indigenous Blacks & Mi’kmaq Initiative[edit]

The Indigenous Blacks & Mi'kmaq (IB&M) Initiative at the Schulich School of Law was established in 1989 to increase the representation of these community members in the legal profession. The initiative develops scholarships in the areas of Aboriginal and African Canadian legal perspectives, promotes the hiring and retention of graduates, and provides eligible students with financial and other types of support.[22]

Areas of Expertise[edit]

  • Marine and environmental law
  • Law and technology
  • Health law and policy
  • Business and tax law
  • Food law
  • Human rights law
  • International law
  • Legal ethics
  • Restorative justice

Research Institutes[edit]

The law school is home to the Health Law Institute, the Law and Technology Institute, and the Marine and Environmental Law Institute.

Marine and Environmental Law Institute[edit]

The Marine and Environmental Law Institute directs the academic specialization for the Marine & Environmental Law Program (MELP). It is internationally recognized for excellence in marine and environmental law teaching and research and has one of the world's most extensive course offerings. In addition to its publication activities, the Institute provides advisory services to agencies around the world.[23]

Law and Technology Institute[edit]

The Law and Technology Institute (LATI) fosters interdisciplinary undergraduate and graduate studies with Dalhousie’s Faculty of Computer Science and Faculty of Management. Core curriculum and course offerings include Biotechnology, Internet law, Privacy Law, Electronic Commerce, Intellectual Property, and the Commercialization of Research.[24]

Health Law Institute[edit]

The Schulich School of Law's interdisciplinary Health Law Institute works alongside Dalhousie’s Faculties of Medicine, Health Professions, and Dentistry. The Institute is committed to the advancement of health law and policy through scholarly analysis, professional education, and public service. Numerous grants and awards have allowed Institute members to focus on cutting-edge topics such as research involving humans; end-of-life treatment, policy, and practice; and public health emergencies.[25]

Dalhousie Legal Aid Service[edit]

The Dalhousie Legal Aid Service was founded in 1970. It provides important legal services to the Halifax area and brings together third-year law students, practising lawyers, and community actors. It is the oldest clinical law program in Canada and the only community law clinic in Nova Scotia. Students can receive academic credit and gain practical legal experience through the Legal Aid Service, which emphasizes the development of professional skills and the refinement of substantive and procedural knowledge in a real-life context.[26]

Career Development[edit]

Students can find a job placement or articling position with support from the Schulich School of Law's in-house Career Development Office (CDO). The CDO helps students and graduates seek permanent jobs, summer jobs, internship placements, and other law-related employment. Assistance with resumé writing is available, as well as general career counseling and information about graduate legal studies and scholarships. Students can also find information about alternative or public interest careers here. Most Schulich School of Law students seek summer internships with firms, NGOs, think tanks, businesses, governments, and charities to gain valuable skills and work experience. Students can find funding for these placements by visiting the CDO.

Student life[edit]

Domus Legis Society[edit]

Domus Legis logo.png

Law student life at Dalhousie is known for its collegiality and tradition. The student-run Domus Legis Society (better known as Domus Legis) was founded in 1965 and is Canada's oldest social society for law students. ("Domus Legis" is derived from Latin and means "House of Law.") It was created by Dalhousie law students "to promote good fellowship among congenial men and women at the Faculty of Law of Dalhousie University; to encourage a high standard of professional work; and to assist by every honourable means the advancement of its members."[27]

Domus Legis functions independently from the university administration and receives support from alumni and Canadian law firms. The society adheres to a constitution and is run by an annually elected executive of students from the Faculty of Law. Despite its independence, Domus Legis has close customary ties to faculty, alumni, visiting justices, and the Dean, who is given honorary designation as Member #1.

Over the years, traditions have grown to include the customary signing of the Domus Legis Society's walls by law graduates and visiting dignitaries. The last of this tradition is proudly displayed in the Weldon Law building student lounge with the signature "Homeless Class of 2005." The original building that housed the society was located at 1255 Seymour St., which was demolished in January 2004.

Despite their headquarters’ demolition, Domus Legis's traditions live on in the weekly Domus Night, which takes place every Thursday, and the annual Halloween party, which attracts law students and members of other faculties. Efforts to acquire a new home for Domus Legis continue along with alumni support. Domus Legis membership is open to all Schulich School of Law students.

Dalhousie Law Students Society[edit]

The Dalhousie Law Students’ Society (LSS) is the elected student government of the Schulich School of Law. It is composed of seven executive members, with representatives from each section in first year, three representatives each from second and third year, a Black students’ representative, an Aboriginal students’ representative, a chair, and a secretary. The society represents the student voice in all aspects of the law school, including social, financial, athletic, and academic.[28]

Dalhousie Journal of Legal Studies[edit]

Dalhousie Journal of Legal Studies logo.png

The Dalhousie Journal of Legal Studies (DJLS) is a non-profit academic law journal that publishes work from current law students and recent alumni. Established in 1991, the DJLS promotes reflection and debate on contemporary legal issues. As one of the only publications of its kind in Canada, the journal serves as a unique vehicle for law students to publish their work. The DJLS is published once per academic year and maintains a broad subscription base that includes law firms, law school libraries, corporations, government departments, alumni, and legal professionals from around the globe. It is also indexed in the HeinOnline database.[29]

An entirely student-run publication, the DJLS is managed by an editorial board. More than 70 student volunteers assist in its production and publication. It is distinct from the Dalhousie Law Journal, a peer-reviewed publication produced by Schulich School of Law faculty members.[30]

The Weldon Times[edit]

The Weldon Times is a law student run newspaper established in 1975.

Notable Alumni[edit]

The Schulich School of Law at Dalhousie University has produced a number of accomplished alumni over the course of its history, including over 300 judicial appointments to every level of court in every province of Canada. The law school's alumni, for example, constitute 20 per cent of the Federal Court of Canada and 25 per cent of the Tax Court of Canada.[12]

Notable alumni include:

Prime Ministers[edit]

Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada[edit]

Justices of International Courts[edit]

Other Notable Justices[edit]

Law-makers / Politicians[edit]

Academics / Scholars[edit]

  • Innis H. Christie (1962) – law dean; one Canada's "great labour law scholars"[41] and a central figure in the establishment of employment law in Canada.[42]
  • Murray Fraser (1960) – law scholar; founding dean of University of Victoria Faculty of Law
  • Edgar Gold, OC (1973) – Australian-Canadian expert in international ocean law and marine and environmental policy
  • Vincent C MacDonald (1920) – law dean; academic; justice; a leading Canadian constitutional law scholar in the Post-War Period[43]
  • Elisabeth Mann-Borgese – internationally recognized expert on maritime law and policy; founding members of Club of Rome; a global think tank based in Zurich, Switzerland
  • W. Kent Power, QC – founding chief lecturer at the University of Alberta Faculty of Law;[44] first to advocate permanent law reform commissions in Canada;[45] helped shape Western Canadian common law tradition
  • Sidney Smith (1920) – law professor; law dean; President of University of Toronto; former Secretary of State (External Affairs); introduced Harvard case method into Canadian legal education[46]
  • Richard Chapman Weldon – Professor of Law; Founding Dean
  • F. Scott Murray – law scholar and historian

Business / Corporate Law[edit]

Legal Activists[edit]

Premiers[edit]

Lieutenant-governors[edit]

Diplomats[edit]

Arts and Pop Culture[edit]

List of deans[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dalhousie University Schulich School of Law". Lsac.org. 2014-04-17. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  2. ^ "About". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  3. ^ "Introducing the Schulich School of Law". Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  4. ^ "Juris Doctor (JD) Program". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  5. ^ Waite, Peter B. The Lives of Dalhousie University: Lord Dalhousie's college. McGill-Queen's Press, 1994, p. 140.
  6. ^ [1] Archived July 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Pue, W. Wesley. "Chapter 7: Law’s Content." The Story of Legal Education in British Columbia. UBC Law: History. 1995. Retrieved 2012-01-31.
  8. ^ Bourne, C.B. Canadian Yearbook of International Law, Vol. 12. UBC Press, 1974, p. 92.
  9. ^ Waite, Peter B. Lord of Point Grey: Larry MacKenzie of U.B.C.. UBC Press, 1987, p. 36,
  10. ^ "2013 Common Law University Ranking". Maclean's. 19 September 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Sustainable MBA". Corporateknights.com. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  12. ^ a b "About - Schulich School of Law - Dalhousie University". Dal.ca. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  13. ^ "History & Tradition". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  14. ^ "Weldon Law Building upgrades update". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  15. ^ "Building a better law school: Construction update". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-09-08. 
  16. ^ "Designation decision". Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  17. ^ "Combined Degree Programs". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  18. ^ "Graduate Programs in Law". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  19. ^ "Study Here". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  20. ^ "About". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-09-08. 
  21. ^ "APPLYING TO THE SCHULICH SCHOOL OF LAW" (PDF). Dal.ca. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  22. ^ "Indigenous Blacks & Mi'kmaq Initiative". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  23. ^ "Marine & Environmental Law Institute". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  24. ^ "Law & Technology Institute". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  25. ^ "Health Law Institute". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  26. ^ "Dalhousie Legal Aid Service". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  27. ^ "Dalhousie Law Students' Society". Dalhousie Law Students' Society. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  28. ^ "Dalhousie Law Students' Society". Dalhousie Law Students' Society. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
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  30. ^ "Dalhousie Law Journal". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  31. ^ Mulroney: The Politics of Ambition, by John Sawatsky, 1991
  32. ^ "Brian Mulroney". Canadahistory.com. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  33. ^ a b "ARCHIVED - Clark-Biography-First Among Equals". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  34. ^ [2] Archived May 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  35. ^ [3] Archived March 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  36. ^ [4] Archived February 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  37. ^ "Peter MacKay ~ Representing Central Nova". Petermackay.ca. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  38. ^ [5] Archived August 9, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  39. ^ Vega, Janice. "Political News Blog". Senatordonaldoliver.ca. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  40. ^ [6] Archived January 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  41. ^ "Inaugural Innis Christie Labour & Employment Law Symposium | Doorey's Law of Work Blog". Lawofwork.ca. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  42. ^ "ARTICLE: Charting the Boundaries of Labour Law: Innis Christie and the Search for an Integrated Law of Labour Market Regulation". Litigation-essentials.lexisnexis.com. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  43. ^ A History of Canadian Legal Thought: Collected Essays - R. C. B. Risk, G. Blaine Baker, Jim Phillips, Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History. Retrieved 2015-07-11 – via Google Books. 
  44. ^ Annuaire Canadien de Droit International. Retrieved 2015-07-11 – via Google Books. 
  45. ^ "1 - The Emergence of an Idea - Law reform agencies - The International Cooperation Group". Justice.gc.ca. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  46. ^ Essays in the History of Canadian Law: In honour of R.C.B. Risk - David H. Flaherty, Jim Phillips, Osgoode Society. Retrieved 2015-07-11 – via Google Books. 
  47. ^ Robert Bothwell. "Henry Borden". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  48. ^ "Happy birthday to the University of New Brunswick - Macleans.ca". Oncampus.macleans.ca. 2010-09-23. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  49. ^ "Dalhousie Law Alumni Reunion Dinner 2005." Heresay. 2006: 22. Print.
  50. ^ [7] Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  51. ^ http://www.blakesfiles.com/Articles/Ten_Greatest_Canadian_Lawyers.pd. Retrieved January 9, 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  52. ^ "The Hathaway Corporation Principals". Hathawaycorporation.com. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  53. ^ "Members of the Commission". Osc.gov.on.ca. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  54. ^ "About - Elizabeth May for Saanich-Gulf Islands". Elizabethmay.ca. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  55. ^ "The road less travelled." Heresay. 2006: 8. Print.
  56. ^ [8] Archived October 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  57. ^ "Henry Sylvester Williams". 100 Great Black Britons. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
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  59. ^ "John Robert Nicholson". Freemasonry.bcy.ca. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  60. ^ "Deans of the Law School - Schulich School of Law - Dalhousie University". Dal.ca. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°38′13″N 63°35′30″W / 44.63694°N 63.59167°W / 44.63694; -63.59167