Schulich School of Law
|Motto||Latin: Lex Fons Lucis|
Motto in English
|"Law is the source of light"|
|Type||Public Law School|
|Established||October 30, 1883|
|Location||Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada|
|Colours||Black and Gold|
The Schulich School of Law is a faculty of Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Formerly called Dalhousie Law School, it was established in 1883, making it the oldest university common law school in the British Commonwealth. It is the largest law school in Atlantic Canada and attracts students from all parts of Canada and abroad. The law school is a member of the North American Consortium on Legal Education. The school was renamed the Schulich School of Law in October 2009 after receiving a $20 million benefaction from Canadian businessman and philanthropist Seymour Schulich.
- 1 History
- 2 Name
- 3 Facility
- 4 Degrees offered
- 5 Admissions
- 6 Institutes and legal aid service
- 7 Student life
- 8 Notable alumni
- 8.1 Prime Ministers
- 8.2 Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada
- 8.3 Justices of international courts
- 8.4 Other notable justices
- 8.5 Law-makers / politicians
- 8.6 Academics / scholars
- 8.7 Business / corporate law
- 8.8 Legal activists
- 8.9 Premiers
- 8.10 Lieutenant Governors
- 8.11 Diplomats
- 8.12 Arts and pop culture
- 9 List of Deans
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Dalhousie Law School lays claim to being "the first university-based common law school in the Commonwealth." Unlike Ontario's Osgoode Hall, which was first established in 1862 under the auspices of the Law Society of Upper Canada and subsequently shut down several times before re-opening in 1889, Dalhousie Law School sought to treat the study of law as a liberal education. It was not, as Osgoode was, an outpost for the province's professional law society where the law was "merely a technical craft." In fact, at that time the establishment of a full-time professional university common law school was so radical and the School's influence so great that legal historians cite Dalhousie Law School's founding as the beginning of the first period of common law education in Canada that laid the basis for law school as it is known today.
Dalhousie's early experiments in legal education eventually served as the foundation on which numerous common law schools based their curricula across Canada. For instance, in W. Wesley Pue's Story of Legal Education in British Columbia, which chronicles the establishment of the University of British Columbia Faculty of Law some 62 years after Dalhousie Law School first opened its doors, Pue notes that:
"Dalhousie" serves as a sort of code-word among legal educators in Canada, much as "Harvard" does in the United States of America. It invokes a vision of intellectually ambitious, rigorous, and scholarly approaches to education for the profession of law. In British Columbia, the transformation from part-time to full-time study involved the implementation of a model of legal education that was "Dalhousie" in all respects.
This rigorous training in legal education became synonymous with the tenure of Dalhousie Law School's founding Dean, Richard Chapman Weldon. In discussing the motivations that led to the establishment of a full-time common law school, Weldon described the "'legitimate ambition' of 'generous spirits who wish their country well' to build a law school 'that shall influence the intellectual life of Canada as Harvard and Yale have influenced the intellectual life of New England.'" Weldon himself demonstrated this commitment to public service time and again, both as Dean of Dalhousie Law School and as a Canadian Member of Parliament.
Based on Weldon's comments in his inaugural address at the opening of the School, it is perhaps not surprising that Dalhousie Law School has shared a storied connection with its counterpart at Harvard University. Although Dalhousie was influenced early on by the high standards of academic excellence set by Harvard Law School, it placed a decidedly unique emphasis on the subjects of public law, constitutional history, and international law, fields that were notably absent from Harvard's curriculum in the 1880s.
|Maclean's Common Law||6|
The school is ranked in the top three Canadian law schools in Corporate Knights' 2011 Knight Schools Survey. Maclean's 2013 ranking of Canadian common law schools placed the school sixth out of 16. It was the first Canadian law school awarded the Emil Gumpuert Award by the American College of Trial Lawyers for excellence in trial advocacy training.
On September 30, 2009, Dalhousie University President Tom Traves and Dean Phillip Saunders announced that philanthropist Seymour Schulich presented a $20 million gift designated entirely for the Faculty of Law. In honour and recognition of Schulich's support, the Faculty of Law was renamed the Schulich School of Law at Dalhousie University. The greatest portion of the donation will create 41 new scholarships, each averaging $12,000.
The school is situated in the Weldon Law Building, on Studley Campus. The building is named after the first Dean of the school, Richard Chapman Weldon. Originally completed in 1966, it has been renovated three times. On August 16, 1985, a lightning strike caused a short in the electrical system which started a fire that destroyed the top floor of the building which housed the library. The new Sir James Dunn Law Library opened in 1989. The most recent refurbishment took place in 2004, with the James and Barbara Palmer Wing.
Students attending the Schulich School of Law may undertake a regular Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree or elect to concentrate their J.D. in one of four specific areas: health law, business law, marine and environmental law, and law and technology.
In January 2011, the Senate voted to change Dalhousie's law degree designation from a Bachelor of Laws to a Juris Doctor.
In addition, the school has a number of combined-degree programmes: J.D./M.B.A., J.D./M.P.A. (Master of Public Administration), J.D./M.L.I.S. (Master of Library and Information Studies), J.D./M.H.A. (Master of Health Administration) and J.D./M.J. (Master of Journalism).
As an accredited law school in Canada, graduates of the Juris Doctor Programme are eligible to proceed to bar admission and articling program throughout the country.
Institutes and legal aid service
The Dalhousie Legal Aid Service was founded in 1970 and provides important legal services to the Halifax area. It brings together third-year law students, practising lawyers and community actors to serve the less fortunate segment of the community. It is the oldest clinical law program in Canada and the only community law clinic in Nova Scotia.
Domus Legis Society
Law student life at Dalhousie is known for its collegiality and tradition. The student-run Domus Legis Society (better known as Domus Legis) is Canada's oldest social society for law students, and has operated since 1965. It was created by Dalhousie law students "to promote good fellowship among congenial men and women at the Faculty of Law of Dalhousie University; to encourage a high standard of professional work; and to assist by every honourable means the advancement of its members."
The Domus Legis continues to be run by students of the Schulich School of Law independent of the university administration. It receives some support from alumni, and from Canadian law firms. The society adheres to a constitution and is run by an executive composed of students from the Faculty of Law who are elected annually. Despite its independence, the Domus Legis has close customary ties to faculty, alumni, visiting justices and the Dean, who is given honorary designation as "Member #1."
Over the years, traditions have grown to include the customary signing of the Domus Legis Society's walls by law graduates and visiting dignitaries. The last of this tradition is proudly displayed in the Weldon Law building student lounge with the "Homeless Class of 2005." The original building that housed the society was located at 1255 Seymour Street, however it was demolished in January 2004. When the executive was finishing the final cleaning-out of the house in January 2004, the slogan "usque ad mortem bibendum" was re-discovered on the back of the Domus' exterior sign. Derived from Latin, "usque ad mortem bibendum" translates as "Drink Till You Die." After the demolition, Domus Legis' many traditions still live on, including the weekly "Domus Night" which takes place every Thursday and the annual Halloween party which attracts law students and other faculties. Efforts to acquire a new home for Domus Legis continue along with Alumni support. The name "Domus Legis" derives from Latin, meaning "House of Law."
Domus Legis membership is open to all students of the Schulich School of Law.
Dalhousie Law Students Society
The Dalhousie Law Students Society is the elected student government of Schulich School of Law. It is composed of seven executive members, a representative from each section in first year, three representatives each from second and third year, a Black students representative, an Aboriginal students representative, a Chair and a Secretary. The society represents the student voice in all aspects of the law school including social, financial, athletic and academic areas.
Dalhousie Journal of Legal Studies
Established in 1991, the Dalhousie Journal of Legal Studies is a forum that promotes reflection and debate about contemporary legal issues. As one of the only publications of its kind in Canada, the Journal serves as a unique vehicle for law students to publish their work.
The DJLS is published once per academic year and maintains a broad subscription base that includes law firms, law school libraries, corporations, government departments, alumni, and legal professionals from around the globe. The Journal is also indexed in the HeinOnline database.
An entirely student-run publication, the DJLS is managed by an editorial board, and over seventy volunteers comprising students from the Schulich School of Law at Dalhousie assist in production and publication.
The Weldon Times
The Weldon Times is a law student run newspaper.
Schulich School of Law at Dalhousie University has produced a number of accomplished alumni in the course of its history, including over 300 judicial appointments to every level of court in every province of Canada. The law school's alumni, for example, constitute 20 percent of the Federal Court of Canada and 25 percent of the Tax Court of Canada. Notable alumni include:
- Rt. Hon. Richard Bedford Bennett (1893) 11th Prime Minister of Canada; only Canadian prime minister raised to the English peerage as 1st Viscount Bennett
- Rt. Hon. Brian Mulroney (finished first year but completed studies at Université Laval) – 18th Prime Minister of Canada
- Rt. Hon. Joe Clark (finished first year but left to pursue freelance journalism in British Columbia) – 16th Prime Minister of Canada
Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada
- Hon. Edmund Leslie Newcombe – Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
- Roland Ritchie, C.C. – Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
- Robert Sedgewick – Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
- Bertha Wilson (1957), OC – first female Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
Justices of international courts
- Ronald St. John Macdonald, OC (1952) – law professor and international law expert; only non-European ever appointed as a Justice on the European Court of Human Rights; Honorary Professor of Law at China's Peking University
- John Erskine Read, OC (1909) – law dean; international law scholar; only Canadian ever appointed as a Justice on the International Court of Justice (served until 1958).
Other notable justices
- Sir Joseph Andrew Chisholm KBE (1886) former Mayor of Halifax, first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia; last judge to be knighted in Canada
- Constance Glube (1955) – former Chief Justice of Nova Scotia; first female Chief Justice in Canada
- Frederic William Howay FRSC (1890) historian, lawyer, and jurist; "primary authority" on many aspects of B.C. history in the mid 20th Century; today considered "father of the study of British Columbia's nautical history".
- William Andrew MacKay (1953) former Justice on the Federal Court of Canada; Foreign Service Officer with the Department of External Affairs; and Ford Foundation Fellow at Harvard University
- John Keiller MacKay, OC (1922) – former judge of Supreme Court of Ontario, Lieutenant Governor of Ontario; awarded the Distinguished Service Order in 1916 for "conspicious gallantry in action" in the Battle of the Somme
- Clyde Wells (1962) – Chief Justice of Newfoundland Court of Appeal; 5th Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador
Law-makers / politicians
- Hon. Jim Cowan (1965) – Senator representing Nova Scotia and leader of the Liberals in the Senate
- Hon. John Crosbie (1956) – former Canadian Minister of Finance, former Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador
- David Charles Dingwall (B.Comm 1974, LL.B. 1979) – former Liberal cabinet minister
- Howard Epstein (LL.B. 1973, faculty) – MLA for Halifax Chebucto
- Hon. George Furey (1983) – Senator representing Newfoundland and Labrador and Speaker of the Senate
- Danny Graham (1987) – former leader of the Liberal Party of Nova Scotia
- Megan Leslie (2004) – incumbent Member of Parliament for Halifax
- Richard McBride, KCMG (1890) – lawyer, British Columbian politician, considered the founder of the British Columbia Conservative Party
- Hon. Peter MacKay (1991) – former Minister of National Defense, current Federal Justice Minister and Attorney General of Canada
- M.A. MacPherson (1913) – Attorney-General of Saskatchewan
- Stewart McInnes (1961) – former Conservative Cabinet Minister
- Hon. Anne McLellan, O.C. (1974) – law professor and former Liberal deputy Prime Minister
- Peter Milliken, PC (1971) – lawyer, politician, served as Speaker of the House for 10 years beginning in 2001.
- Reid Morden – former Canadian Security Intelligence Service director
- Hon. Donald Oliver (1964) – first black male Canadian Senator
- Geoff Plant (1981) – Attorney General of British Columbia
- Hon. Geoff Regan, PC (1983) – Member of Parliament for Halifax West and Speaker of the House of Commons
- Hon. Gerald Regan (1954) – former Liberal cabinet minister
- Graham Steele (1989), Minister of Finance of Nova Scotia, Member of the Nova Scotia Legislature
Academics / scholars
- Innis H. Christie (1962) – law dean; one Canada's "great labour law scholars" and a central figure in the establishment of employment law in Canada.
- Murray Fraser (1960) – law scholar, founding dean of University of Victoria Faculty of Law
- Edgar Gold, OC (1973) – Australian-Canadian expert in international ocean law and marine and environmental policy
- Vincent C MacDonald (1920) – law dean, academic, justice, and a leading Canadian constitutional law scholar in the Post-War Period
- Elisabeth Mann-Borgese – internationally recognized expert on maritime law and policy, founding members of Club of Rome, a global think tank based in Zurich, Switzerland
- W. Kent Power, QC – founding chief lecturer at the University of Alberta Faculty of Law; first to advocate permanent law reform commissions in Canada; helped shape Western Canadian common law tradition.
- Sidney Smith (1920) – law professor; law dean; President of University of Toronto; former Secretary of State (External Affairs); introduced Harvard case method into Canadian legal education
- Richard Chapman Weldon – Professor of Law, Founding Dean
Business / corporate law
- Henry Borden – corporate lawyer, founding partner of Toronto law firm Borden & Elliott (now Borden Ladner Gervais); nephew of Sir Robert Borden (eighth Prime Minister of Canada)
- Frank Manning Covert (1929), OC, CBE, lawyer and businessman
- Purdy Crawford, OC (1955) – "dean emeritus of Canada's corporate [law] bar"; corporate director, former CEO of Imasco
- Sir Graham Day (1959) – former chairman of Cadbury Schweppes plc, Hydro One, as well as CEO of British Shipbuilders and the Rover Group
- Sir James Hamet Dunn (1898) – major Canadian financier and industrialist
- Fred Fountain (1974) – lawyer, businessman, philanthropist, and Member of the Order of Canada
- Leslie M. Little (1961) – co-founding partner of Thorsteinssons; Justice of the federal Tax Court of Canada
- H. R. Milner (1911) – lawyer, businessman, and former Chancellor of University of King's College
- James Palmer (1952) – Founding partner of Burnett, Duckwoth & Palmer
- James McGregor Stewart (1914) – founded Stewart McKelvey, Atlantic Canada's largest law firm; named one of Canada's ten greatest lawyers by Canadian Lawyer Magazine in 2001
- Hugh H. Turnbull – chairman and managing director, The Hathaway Corporation; former Director of Corporate Finance and Senior V.P. of Merrill Lynch Canada; Chairman of the Members Organization Committee of the Toronto Stock Exchange
- Howard Wetston (1974) – current Chair of the Ontario Securities Commission
- Peter Dalglish (1983) – international children's rights activist; founded Toronto based Street Kids International
- David Eby (2005) – Executive Director of the British Columbia Civil Liberties Association; MLA for the British Columbia New Democratic Party in Vancouver-Point Grey
- Rocky Jones (1992), political activist in the areas of human rights, race and poverty
- Lesra Martin (1997), Canadian lawyer, renowned for helping to secure the release of Rubin "Hurricane" Carter
- Elizabeth May (1983) – President of the Sierra Club of Canada, leader of the Green Party of Canada
- Candy Palmater (1999) – comedian, activist, writer, and radio-television personality
- Pamela Palmater (1999) – Mi'kmaq lawyer, professor, and activist; named among the 25 most influential lawyers by Canadian Lawyer Magazine
- Henry Sylvester-Williams – Trinidadian lawyer and writer, most noted for conceiving / founding the Pan-African Movement; named 16th on a recent list of the 100 Great Black Britons.
- Nick Wright (2007) – founding leader of the Green Party of Nova Scotia
- Allan Emrys Blakeney (1947) – tenth Premier of Saskatchewan
- John Buchanan (1958) – 20th Premier of Nova Scotia, senator
- Alex Campbell (1959) – 23rd Premier of Prince Edward Island
- Hon. Darrell Dexter (1987) – 27th Premier of Nova Scotia
- Joseph Atallah Ghiz – 27th Premier of Prince Edward Island and former Dean of Dalhousie Law School
- Richard Bennett Hatfield (1956) – former Premier of New Brunswick
- Angus Lewis MacDonald (1921) – 13th Premier of Nova Scotia
- Russell MacLellan (1965) – 24th Premier of Nova Scotia
- Tom Marshall (1972) – 11th Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador
- Hon. Jim Prentice (1980) – Federal Conservative cabinet minister and 16th Premier of Alberta
- Gerald Regan (1952) – former Liberal Premier of Nova Scotia
- Danny Williams (1972) – 9th Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador
- Clyde Wells (1962) – provincial Chief Justice of the Court of Appeal and 5th Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador
- Henry Poole MacKeen (1921), O.C. – 22nd Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia
- Sir John Robert Nicholson – OBE – businessman, politician and 21st Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia
- Sir Albert Walsh – chief justice and first Lieutenant Governor for Newfoundland
Arts and pop culture
- Barrie Dunn (1998), actor, writer, and producer best known for playing Ray in the Canadian mockumentary television program Trailer Park Boys
- Ian Hanomansing (1986), Canadian Broadcasting Corporation journalist and anchorman
List of Deans
- Camille Cameron (2015–Present)
- Kim Brooks (2010–2015)
- Phillip Saunders, QC (2005-2010)
- Dawn Russell, QC (1995-1996 acting Dean, 1996-2005)
- Joseph Ghiz, QC, The Honourable (1993-1995)
- Philip Girard (1991-1993, acting Dean)
- Innis M Christie, QC (1985-1991)
- William H Charles, QC (1979-1985)
- Ronald St. John Macdonald QC, CC (1972-1979)
- Murray Fraser, QC (1971-1972, acting Dean)
- William Andrew MacKay, QC (1964-1969)
- Vincent C MacDonald, QC (1934-1950)
- Sidney Earle Smith, PC (1929-1934)
- John Erskine Read (1924-1929)
- Donald Alexander MacRae, KC (1914-1924)
- Richard Chapman Weldon, QC (1883-1914)
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- Schulich School of Law
- Sir James Dunn Law Library
- Dalhousie Legal Aid Service
- Deans of the Schulich School of Law
- Domus Legis Society
- CanLII - Canadian Legal Information Institute