Dallas, Arkansas

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Dallas, Arkansas
Dallas, Arkansas is located in Arkansas
Dallas, Arkansas
Dallas, Arkansas
Dallas' position in Arkansas.
Dallas, Arkansas is located in the US
Dallas, Arkansas
Dallas, Arkansas
Dallas, Arkansas (the US)
Coordinates: 34°32′09″N 94°13′09″W / 34.53583°N 94.21917°W / 34.53583; -94.21917Coordinates: 34°32′09″N 94°13′09″W / 34.53583°N 94.21917°W / 34.53583; -94.21917
Country United States
State Arkansas
CountyPolk
Elevation
336 m (1,102 ft)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
GNIS feature ID76742
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Dallas, Arkansas

Dallas is an unincorporated community in Polk County, Arkansas, United States.[1]

History[edit]

Pioneers arrived in Polk County circa 1830, mainly from Tennessee, Illinois and Kentucky. They settled near Dallas, surviving off the area's abundant wild game, and building shelters from its rich timber resources.

Polk County was created by the state's General Assembly in 1844, with Dallas as its county seat.[2] The village was named for Vice-President George M. Dallas.

The first Polk County courthouse was located in Dallas, but was destroyed by fire. In 1869 a second courthouse was built, which was also destroyed by fire, in 1883.

Dallas became a regional center due to its location along Long's Trail, a stagecoach route which connected to the Butterfield Overland Mail Trail to the north, and passed west into what is now Oklahoma. At one time, Dallas had three mills, livery stables, boarding houses, two churches, several stores, and a weekly newspaper.

Arthur Edward Stilwell built the Kansas City, Pittsburg and Gulf Railroad (now the Kansas City Southern) from Kansas City, Missouri to Port Arthur, Texas during the 1890s. Nearby Mena was selected as the site for his railway stop, and train service to Mena began in 1896.

A special election was held in 1898, and residents voted to move the county seat to Mena.[3]

Dallas Creek flows through the village, and Dallas Cemetery is located east of the community.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Feature Detail Report for: Dallas, Arkansas." USGS. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Dallas, Arkansas Retrieved July 2013.
  2. ^ "SHADY LAKE CCC BRIDGE #1, ATHENS VIC., POLK COUNTY". Arkansas Historic Preservation Program. Archived from the original on 2013-01-19.
  3. ^ Vail, Roy (2013). "Polk County". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture.