Dallas Police Department
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|Dallas Police Department|
|Annual budget||$517 m (2020)|
|Operations jurisdiction||Dallas, Texas, United States|
|Size||342.5 square miles (887 km2)|
|Governing body||Dallas City Council|
|Headquarters||1400 S. Lamar, Dallas, Texas|
|Marked police cars||1200|
The Dallas Police Department, established in 1881, is the principal law enforcement agency serving the city of Dallas, Texas.
Primary responsibility for calls for police service are seven operations divisions based on geographical subdivisions of the city. Each operations division is commanded by a deputy chief of police. The divisions are designated Central, Northeast, Southeast, South Central, Southwest, Northwest and North Central and operate from facilities which are referred to as substations. Each operations division's geographical area is further subdivided into sectors which are composed of beats, each of which is normally patrolled by a uniformed officer or officers in a marked squad car. Calls for service are received primarily through the city's 9-1-1 system which is answered by a city-operated emergency communications center. Each substation also has an investigative unit with detectives who are assigned cases of burglary and theft which are committed within the area covered by their division.
Other crimes are investigated by specialized investigative units including the Child Abuse Squad, Family Violence Squad, Narcotics Division, CAPERS [Crimes Against Persons] Robbery, Assault, and Homicide Units, Forgery Squad and a Computer Crimes Team.
A specialized Tactical Division includes a SWAT Operations Unit, Mounted Unit, Canine Unit, Helicopter Unit and an Explosive Ordnance Squad. The SWAT Operations Unit was featured on a reality series for the A&E Network in 2006 entitled "Dallas SWAT".
The first Chief of Police, J. C. Arnold, was elected in 1881. Prior to that, an elected Town Marshal and deputies had guarded Dallas since 1856. Arnold held the position for 17 years.
According to The Officer Down Memorial Page, between 1892 and 2016, 84 members of the Dallas Police Department died in the line of duty. The best-known instance was the murder of Officer J. D. Tippit by Lee Harvey Oswald, approximately 40 minutes after Oswald shot President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.
Other notable deaths include the murder of Officer Robert W. Wood on November 28, 1976, which was later examined in Errol Morris' documentary, The Thin Blue Line. Additionally, Senior Corporal Victor Lozada, a motorcycle officer in the Traffic Division, was killed on February 22, 2008, while serving as part of an escort to Senator Hillary Clinton's motorcade near downtown Dallas for a presidential campaign event; Senior Corporal Lozada's funeral was attended by over 4,500 police officers as well as Senator Clinton. On January 6, 2009, Senior Corporal Norman Smith, an 18-year veteran, was shot and killed while attempting to serve an arrest warrant.
The 2016 shooting of Dallas police officers is the deadliest single incident for law enforcement officers in the U.S. since the September 11 attacks in 2001. On July 7, 2016, Micah Xavier Johnson ambushed and fired upon a group of Dallas Police Department (DPD) and one Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART) officers, killing five officers and injuring nine others. Two civilians were also wounded. The shooting happened at the end of a protest against the police killings of Alton Sterling in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and Philando Castile in Falcon Heights, Minnesota.
Incidents involving misconduct
Murder of Santos Rodriguez
Early in the morning of July 24, 1973, Dallas police officers Darrell L. Cain and Roy Arnold were investigating a burglary, from a vending machine, of eight dollars. Two children, twelve-year-old Santos Rodriguez and thirteen-year-old David Rodriguez were taken from their home and brought to the scene of the crime. In an attempt to frighten Santos into confessing, Officer Cain, thinking he had emptied his service revolver of all its ammunition, aimed it at the boy and pulled the trigger twice. The second time, the gun discharged killing Santos, who was still handcuffed. Cain was found guilty of murder by a jury in November 1973 and sentenced to five years in prison. He served half of it. The City of Dallas apologized to the Rodriguez family forty years later.
On March 18, 2009, NFL player Ryan Moats's mother-in-law, Jonetta Collinsworth, died from breast cancer. Moats, his wife Tamisha (Collinsworth's daughter) and other family members rushed to Baylor Regional Medical Center in Plano, Texas, when they were informed that she was close to death. After driving through a red light, Moats was stopped by police officer Robert Powell who delayed him for more than 10 minutes outside the hospital's emergency room, allowing the rest of the family to leave, even after Moats's ordeal was corroborated by a nurse in the hospital to Powell. Powell even drew his gun at Moats during the incident. By the time Moats reached Collinsworth, she had died. Moats questioned whether race could have played a factor in the interaction due to the nature and tone of the officer's remarks to the family; When asked if he felt if Officer Powell be fired, Moats said, "I really don't know. All I know is what he did was wrong. I mean, he stole a moment away from me that I can never get back. I'm really not the judge on what should happen to him. I think maybe his superiors and the Dallas police should handle what should happen to him." Officer Powell issued an apology to Moats. Police officials investigated Powell's actions; he was placed on administrative leave but later resigned from the department. After Moats' incident with Officer Powell, former Cowboy Zach Thomas acknowledged that Powell was the same officer who handcuffed and jailed his wife Maritza after she was pulled over for making an illegal u-turn in July 2008.
Fake drug scandal
Beginning on December 31, 2001, the local ABC-affiliate, WFAA, began broadcasting a series of investigative reports alleging that hundreds of pounds of cocaine and methamphetamine seized by undercover officers of the DPD Narcotics Division during 2001 were actually not illegal substances. The subsequent "fake drug" scandal led to dismissal of over 80 drug cases by the Dallas County District Attorney's office, multiple investigations, the indictment of three current or former DPD narcotics officers, the release of defendants (many whom were falsely accused Mexican immigrants) who had pleaded guilty to cases where later investigation revealed no illegal drugs were involved and the prosecution of multiple informants that had been used to make cases that were subsequently dismissed. In 2003, the Dallas City Manager fired Dallas Police Chief Terrell Bolton, due in part for his Department's lack of oversight of the Narcotics Dept. officers involved in these fake drug arrests. He sued the City of Dallas over that firing but his case was dismissed with prejudice in 2005. Many of the 25 victims of the false arrests and wrongful prosecution won Federal Civil Rights Violations lawsuit settlements and actual jury case awards against the City of Dallas. One attorney who sued the city on behalf of what was a large percentage of Mexican immigrants who spoke little English, said, "the total cost could climb to as much as $8 million once all 25 cases are resolved."
Ronald Jones beating
In December 2009, Dallas police officers received word that two white men were fighting in the downtown area. Failing to locate the described men, Officer Matthew Antkowiak discovered a black man crossing the street and made a pedestrian stop of him which turned into a scuffle. Other officers then joined in. The man, Ronald Jones, ended up spending fourteen months in jail on various charges. When Jones’ defense attorney viewed video tapes of the beating, he believed that the police reports had been falsified. The City contended that while the reports were inaccurate and incomplete, this was attributed in part to Officer Antkowiak's inability to accurately relate the events to the officer that did the actual report (Officer Antkowiak claimed to have suffered a closed-head injury during the incident that aggravated a prior confirmed injury). Mr. Jones was released and in March 2014 awarded $1.1 million by the city to settle the matter. Officer Antkowiak retired on an unrelated medical claim and is no longer employed in law enforcement. He has set up a private firm to train policemen. No other disciplinary action was taken against any official.
Killing of Tony Timpa
On August 10, 2016, Dallas Police killed Tony Timpa, a 32-year-old white resident who had called 911 for aid, telling the dispatcher that he had schizophrenia and depression but not taken his prescription medication. Timpa was already handcuffed when a group of officers restrained him on the ground while he squirmed, repeatedly crying out, "You're gonna kill me!". After he fell unconscious, the officers assumed he was asleep and, rather than confirm that he was breathing or feel for a pulse, joked about waking him up for school and making him breakfast. They kept him prone on grass for nearly 14 minutes and zip-tied his legs together, one pressing his knee into Timpa's back. One of the paramedics called to the scene administered the sedative Versed. The responders began to panic only as they loaded Timpa's body onto a gurney, one exclaiming, “He didn’t just die down there, did he?” Timpa died within 20 minutes of police officers' arrival, of "cocaine and the stress associated with physical restraint," according to his autopsy. It took over three years for footage of the incident to be released. The footage contradicted claims by Dallas Police that Timpa was aggressive. The officers involved were Sgt. Kevin Mansell and Officers Danny Vasquez and Dustin Dillard. Criminal charges against three officers were dropped in March 2019 and they returned to active duty.
Murder of Botham Jean
On September 6, 2018, Dallas patrol officer Amber Guyger, in uniform but off duty after a daylong shift, entered the apartment of Botham Jean and shot and killed him. Guyger said that she had entered the apartment believing it was her own and shot Jean believing he was a burglar. She then called 911. Jean was taken to a nearby hospital, where he died from his wound. The investigation was taken over by the Texas Rangers, who were responsible for Guyger's arrest three days later. Guyger was charged with manslaughter, a 2nd degree felony in Texas, which carries a sentence of 2 to 20 years in a state prison and/or a fine not to exceed $10,000. On September 24, Guyger was terminated from the police force, after being placed on administrative leave since the shooting.
Following the shooting, an attorney representing Jean's family accused the Dallas police department of smearing Jean's reputation. The lawyers also disputed the account of the incident that Guyger told officials, which was recorded in the arrest warrant affidavit, and asserted that two independent witnesses had come forward to give recollections that conflict with Guyger's account.
On September 22, 2019, the day before the trial began, Dallas County District Attorney John Creuzot took part in an interview regarding the trial in spite of a gag order issued by Judge Tammy Kemp in January of that year. After questioning jurors, who reported that they had not seen the interview or other media coverage of the trial, Kemp denied the defense's motion for a mistrial, and sequestered the jury.
On October 1, 2019, Guyger was found guilty of murder.
On October 5, it was revealed that Joshua Brown, a key witness for the prosecution, was killed after being shot more than once the previous night.
Rank structure and Insignia
|Executive Assistant Chief|
Members of the department who are captains and below are protected by the city's civil service system with promotion based on the results of competitive examinations. Senior corporals typically are officers who serve either as field training officers in the Patrol Division or who serve as detectives in one of the department's investigative units. The rank captain has not been in use since 1992, however, those who were captains were allowed to keep it as well as those who were demoted from any chief position, as chiefs once demoted must retain their last civil service rank. There is currently only one captain remaining as of 2018. Majors, deputy chiefs and assistant chiefs are appointed by the chief of police without examination and do not hold civil service protection for these ranks. Division commander and bureau commander are non-civil service titles based on assignments. Members may hold both assignment titles and civil service or appointive ranks. On October 4, 2012, Chief David Brown created a new major rank in between captain and deputy chief.
Breakdown of the makeup of the rank and file of DPD as of 2016:
In popular culture
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- "Divisions". Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- "`Blue Line' inmate freed after 12 years". Chicago Tribune. March 22, 1989. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
- "Officer killed in Clinton motorcade". Dallas Morning News. February 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
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- "Case Details: Darrell L. Cain, Appellant vs. The State of Texas, Appellee". Testclear.com. Retrieved 2016-07-08.
- "Shooting horror still vivid memory for former policeman" (PDF). Airwolf.lmtonline.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-07-08.
- "Retired Officer Remembers The Night Santos Rodriguez Was Killed". Dfw.cbslocal.com. CBS Dallas / Fort Worth. 2013-07-27. Retrieved 2016-07-08.
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- J.D. Miles (2009-04-01). "DPD Cop Involved In Stop Of NFL Player Resigns". CBS11 News, Dallas. Archived from the original on April 3, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
- "Another Allegation Surfaces Against Dallas Police Officer". ESPN. Retrieved March 29, 2009.
- "Fake Drugs, real lives: The Evolution of a Scandal". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2008-03-18.
- Thomas Korosec (February 19, 2005). "Wrongly jailed immigrants in Dallas get $5.6 million". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved December 25, 2011.
- "Fake drug figure goes to jail". WFAA-TV. Archived from the original on 2008-05-06. Retrieved 2008-05-05.
- Dallas settles for $1.1 million in false arrest case, Rebecca Lopez, 26 March 2014, WFAA.COM retrieved 3 April 2014
- . June 22, 2020 https://www.dallasnews.com/news/investigations/2019/07/31/you-re-gonna-kill-me-dallas-police-body-cam-footage-reveals-the-final-minutes-of-tony-timpa-s-life/. Missing or empty
- Theibault, Reis (31 July 2019). "Police laughed and joked as he lost consciousness in handcuffs. Minutes later, he died". Washington DC. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Cops Caught Joking as Man Dies in Their Custody | NowThis". Youtube. NowThis News. Retrieved Aug 2, 2019.
- "Charges against 3 Dallas officers dropped in arrest death". AP News. March 19, 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
- "Family Discusses Video Showing 2016 DPD Arrest, Man's Death". NBC DFW. August 2, 2019.
- "Amber Guyger is found guilty of murder in the shooting death of Botham Jean in his apartment". CNN. October 1, 2019.
- "Dallas officer goes home to wrong apartment, kills man inside". Fox 4. September 7, 2018.
- Manna, Nichole (September 13, 2018). "Dallas police officer's arrest affidavit contradicts search warrant for victim's apartment". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved September 14, 2018.
- "Watch: Botham Jean's family, supporters label latest details released in his death as 'smear campaign'". Dallas News. 2018-09-13. Retrieved 2018-09-14.
- "Amber Guyger identified as Dallas officer who fatally shot man in his apartment". CBSNews. September 8, 2018.
- "Dallas cop who killed man in flat fired". BBC News. 2018-09-24. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
- "Dallas police accused of smearing man killed by cop in his own apartment". Retrieved 2018-09-14.
- "Victim's family disputes official account of the moments before Amber Guyger shot Botham Jean". Dallas News. 2018-09-10. Retrieved 2018-09-14.
- "Sources: Fired cop Amber Guyger indicted on a murder charge in Botham Jean killing". WFAA. 2018-11-30. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
- "Sources: Dallas County DA spoke about Amber Guyger case on eve of murder trial — much to judge's dismay". Dallas News. 2019-09-23. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- "Amber Guyger found guilty of murder at trial in fatal shooting of neighbor Botham Jean". NBC News.
- "Amber Guyger sentenced to 10 years for murdering neighbor in his apartment". NBC News. Retrieved 2019-10-03.
- Staff, NBC 5; Reports, Wire. "Guyger Sentenced to 10 Years in Prison for Murder of Jean". NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth. Retrieved 2019-10-03.
- Cardona, Claire; Blake, Chris; Gordon, Scott. "Witness in Guyger Trial Shot, Killed in Dallas". NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth.
- Kalthoff, Ken (2012-10-04). "DPD Major Promotions Boost Command Staff | NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth". Nbcdfw.com. Retrieved 2016-07-08.
- "Promising Practices for Increasing Diversity Among First Responders" (PDF). Department of Labor. December 2016. p. 6. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
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